人教版七年级英语上册知识点总结及习题

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2021.9.17

七年级英语 上册

Start Unit 1 Good morning!

1、Good morning! 早上好!Good afternoon!下午好!Good evening!晚上好!其回答都是其本身。

2、Nice to meet you !回答是:Nice to meet you !或Nice to meet you ,too!

3、How do you do?答语仍然是:How do you do?

4、How are you?答语是:Fine./I'm fine./I'm OK.Thanks.And you?

5、动词be的一般现在时态:

我(I)用 am ,你(you)用 are, is连着他(he)她(she)它(it)。

单数名词用 is,复数名词全部都用are。

变否定,很简单,在be后把not加。

变一般疑问句,把be提句首,句末问号莫丢弃。

变特殊疑问句,特殊疑问词加上一般疑问句。

Start Unit 2 What's this in English?

1、this“这,这个”指示代词,用来指代距离较近的单个的人或物。反义是that,用来指代距离比较远的单个的人或物。this的复数是these;that的复数是 those。

含有this/that把this/that提句首,其肯定回答是:Yes,it is.否定回答是:No,it isn't.

含有these/those把these/those提句首,其肯定回答是:Yes,they are.否定回答是:No,they aren't.

2、in+语言\声音\方式,“用......语言(声音、方式)” 例如:in English“用英语”

3、a+辅音音素开头的单词或字母(读音)

an+元音音素开头的单词或字母(读音)

4、What's this in English? 回答是:It's a/an+可数名词单数。

5、What're these in English? 回答是:They are+可数名词复数或不可数名词。

Start Unit 3 What color is it?

1、不定冠词a,an的用法:

1)表示数量“一”;2)笼统地指某人或某物但不具体说明;3)泛指一类事物;

4)表示首次提到的人或物(常用于介绍用语中)。

2、定冠词the的用法:

1)特指某(些)人或者事物或双方都知道的人或事物;2)上文提到过的人或

物;3)世界上第一无二的事物前,或某一范围内唯一的某事物前。

4)某些由普通名词构成的专有名词前。5)一些习惯用语和乐器前。

3、What color is it? 回答是:It's+颜色的形容词。

4、What color are they? 回答是:They are+颜色的形容词。

Unit 1 My name’s Gina.

重点词汇:

重点短语:

1.telephone number 5.family name 9.What’s =

2.phone number 6.中学 10. I’m=

3.first name 7. 在中国 11.name’s = 4.姓氏 8.他的电话号码

重点语法:

1、英文名Tony Brown中Tony为first name(名),Brown为last name或family name(姓)。

2、人称代词 3、物主代词

记忆口诀:一个变(my变成mine),两个不变(his, its),其它的都加“ s” 。

句式:1. What +be 动词+your(his/her) name? What’s your name?

What’s his name? What’s her name?

2. 自我介绍时常用语: My name’s Jenny. I’m Gina.

3.表达第一次和某人见面的高兴之情: Nice to meet you!

4. 询问别人的电话号码: What’s your telephone number?

5. 询问别人的姓氏常用语: What’s her family name?

Unit 2 This is my sister.

词汇:称呼类词汇:

姐;妹 兄;弟 姑母;伯母;婶母 表 (堂) 兄弟(姐妹) 妈妈祖母;外祖母 叔;伯;舅;姨夫 女儿

爸爸 祖父;外祖父 儿子

重点短语:

thanks for talk about write a letter (to) look at family tree

in the first picture a photo of my family

重点语法:

1、指示代词: this这(个), that那(个), these 这些, those 那些

2、名词的复数形式

A、一般情况下加-s,如book — books ;

B、以e结尾的词加-s,如case — cases ;

C、以s、x、sh、ch等结尾的词加-es,如watch — watches ;

D、以辅音字母加y结尾的词,要改y为i,再加-es,如family — families ;

E、以“f”或“fe”结尾的词,改“f”或“fe”为“v”,再加-es ;

F、部分以o结尾的词加-es,如tomato — tomatoes ;potato — potatoes ;

G、少数名词的复数形式是不规则的,如man — men ;woman — women .

3. 本单元出现的缩写:that’s = that is he’s = he is

4. thanks for 为……而感谢Thanks for the photo of your family.

句式:1. This/that is+ sb’s … This is his sister. That is my brother.

These/Those+ are+ sb’s … These are his brother.

2. be动词+代词+…Is this your sister? Is she your sister?

3. Here +be +… Here is my family photo.

Unit 3 Is this your pencil?

词汇:

文具盒 钢笔 尺子 字典

铅笔 橡皮擦 书包 书

2.指示代词:this 这个 that 那个

重点短语:

in English lost and found call 4561534

a set of keys 打扰了 身份证 play baseball call Allen at 4561534 call sb. computer game

重点语法:

1、指示代词(this, that); 2、形容词性物主代词的用法。注意:物主代词的使用方法:

后有名词时用形容词性的,后无名词时用名词性的,即: 有名则形,无名则名。

3、以be动词“is ,are”开头的一般疑问句。

是以be动词、情态动词和Do/Does开头的,用Yes或No回答的疑问句。

注意事项:

1、肯定和否定回答中必须用人称代词主格,即只能用I,we,you,he,she,it,they等,不能出现其它词,特别注

意不能用this,that,these,those等指示代词。

2、肯定和否定回答要保持三个单词,因此当am,is,are出现在句尾时,一定不能缩写。如:不能用Yes,I’m;

Yes,he’s;Yes,they’re. 3、am not 不能缩写,如:No,I’m not不能用No.I amn’t.

4、肯定和否定回答不能出现前后矛盾。如:不能说 Yes,he isn’t; No,I do; Yes,she doesn’t.

句式:1. 询问某物品是否属于某人的问句及答语

—Is this/that your pencil? —Yes, it is. It’s my pencil./No, it isn’t. It’s his pencil.

2. 询问某物用英语怎么说 What’s this in English?

3. How do you spell sth.? How do you spell it?

4. What’s +sth?询问某物是什么 —What’s this? —It’s a watch.

5. Call at sb. at +电话号码. Call Alan at 495-3539.

练习:1) What’s this? It’s V. A. a B.an C.the D.\

2) Good night. A. Good evening. B.See you. C.All right.

3) ---------- a lot . A. Thank B.Thanks C.Thanks you D.Thanks for

4) How is your father? He is -------.A good B.nice C.OK

5)What’s his I don’t know. But I know his last name.

6)Is this ------eraser? No.It’s -------. A. his his B. his hers C. her hers

7)Is that her pencil? Yes,------is.n A. it B. that C.She

8)------- you spell it? Yes.P-E-N pen. A. How B.Can C.\

9)Please call our school ------4516324. A. with B.\ C.at D.on

Unit 4 Where’s my schoolbag?

词汇:1.本单元出现的家具类词汇:

桌子 书橱,书柜 椅子 书桌

床 沙发 房间 时钟

重点短语:

在桌子上 在桌子底下 在他的头上 在他的文具盒里 在沙发上 在我们的房间里 watch TV 在我的书包里

where’s = 在书柜里

重点语法:1、介词on(在…上), in(在…里), under(在…下)的用法。

2、以特殊疑问词where开头的特殊疑问句及回答。

句式:1.询问地点——Where + is + 单数物品? 答语It is+ 表位置的介词短语.

Where + are + 复数物品?答语They are + 表位置的介词短语.

—Where’s my backpack? —It’s under the table.

—Where are your books? —They’re on the chair.

2.询问某物是否在某地的句型及答语

—Is the baseball on the sofa?—No,it isn’t. It’s under the chair.

—Are they on the bed? —No,they’re not.

3.倒装句——Here + be动词 + 主语 Here is my pen.

Here are some apples.

1)_______(this) are my parents. 2)_______(that) are his friends.

3)Is this his father? No,_______ isn’t. A.it B.this C.he

4)Is his mother your friend? Yes,________is. A.he B.she C.you

5)Thanks _________your interesting book. A.for B. very much C.a lot

6)There _______(be) a photo of my friends.

Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball?

词汇:1.球类名词小结

英式足球 乒乓球 网球 排球 篮球 棒球

重点短语:

let’s = play tennis play tennis play sports 乒乓球拍

play basketball every day 打排球 doesn’t = on TV

3.play + 名词 结构的短语play sports参加体育运动play computer games玩电脑游戏

4.“play + 球类名词”结构的短语 play ping-pong 打乒乓球play tennis 打网球

5.watch TV看电视 on TV在电视上,通过电视

6.常用的描述某物或某事的形容词:interesting有趣的fun有趣的 relaxing轻松的 boring无聊

的difficult困难的

重点语法:1、以助动词do,does开头的一般疑问句。

2、一般现在时态。(表现在的状态,或经常的、习惯性的动作,或主语具备的性格和能力等。)

3、动词的三人称单数形式(在一般现在时态中,当句子主语是第三人称单数时,动词要变成

“三单”形式)

规则基本同名词变复数,只不过以“o”结尾的动词都加-es 。

句式:1.Do引导的一般疑问句 —Do you have a TV?—Yes,I do. / No,I don’t.—Does he have

a tennis racket? —Yes,he does. / No,he doesn’t.

2.祈使句——Let’s do sth. Let’s play ping-pong.

3.主系表结构——主语 + 系动词 + 形容词 That sounds good.

1) _______his parents _______(have) a ping-pang ball? -----Yes,________________.

2) _________our English teacher ______(have) a basketball?-------No,_________________.

3) My friend ____________(看电视) every day.

4) ______(他弟弟)______(有)many__________(sport)_________(club).

5)You ___________( not ,have) ______(sport) every day.

6)She ___________( not watch TV) in the evening. She _________(study) English every day.

7)Let’s_________(play) volleyball with ______(she).She ________(play) every day.

8)Let your sisiter _______(play) the computer game.

9)We _________(have) a __________(sport)_____________(collect).

It_________(be)__________(interest).

10)My parent _______(not like)______(play)________(sport).Because it’s _________(bore)

11._________(他们)___________(not play) sports every day.

_____(they) only _____(watch)_____(they)____(in\on\with\by)TV.

12.-------_______(let)______(he)_____(play)_______(the\a\an\\) baseball.

--------_________(sound) good.

Unit 6 Do you like bananas?

词汇:1.水果 香蕉 橙子 苹果 梨 草莓

2.蔬菜 西红柿 胡萝

3.食品 汉堡包冰淇淋沙拉鸡肉

重点短语:

排球明星 六个西红柿 one last question

healthy food 作为午餐 生日晚宴 吃午饭 饮食习惯

think about 吃早餐 重点语法:

1、可数名词与不可数名词。2、可数名词的复数形式。

3.lots of = a lot of非常多,很多(后面既可跟可数名词复数,也可跟不可数名词)

4. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/dinner/dessert早餐/中餐/晚餐/甜点吃……

句式:1.询问某人是否喜欢某物的句型及答语

—Do/Does sb. like sth.? —Yes,sb. do/does. —No,sb. don’t/doesn’t.

—Do you like salad?—Yes,I do./ No,I don’t.

—Does he like pears?—Yes,he does. / No,he doesn’t.

2.祈使句——Let’s do sth. Let’s have ice cream.

3.一般现在时的肯定句及否定句 I like oranges. I don’t like bananas.

They like salad. They don’t like broccoli.

She likes bananas. She doesn’t like ice cream.

Unit 7 How much are these socks?

词汇:衣服 毛衣 短裤 夹克 袜子 鞋子 短裙 重点短语:

have a look 红毛衣 at a good price 两双袜子 七美元 T恤衫You’re welcome skirts in purple

重点语法:1、问价格。2、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句。

备考句式:

1.询问某物价钱How much + is+单数商品? It’s +钱数? How much is this T-shirt? It’s seven dollars.

How much+are +复数商品 They’re +钱数How much are these socks?

How much is this T-shirt?= What’s the price of the T-shirt?

2. can 引导的疑问句 Can I help you?

同义表达: What can I do for you? Is there anything I can do for you?

3. sb. want(s) sth.某人想买某物 I want a sweater.相当于:I want to buy a sweater.

4. What color do/does sb. want? What color do you want?

5. 递给别人东西时的常用语:Here you are.7. 决定要买某东西时的常用语:I’ll take it/them.

8. Do/Does sb. like…? Do you like sweaters?9. sb. sell(s) sth. for + 钱.We sell bags for only ¥30. 10. on sale 廉价销售for sale 等待出售 11.a pair of socks 一双袜子two pairs of socks 两双袜子

12. “颜色+名词”结构的短语有: blue skirt蓝裙子13. 由help构成的短语:help sb. with sth. 帮

助某人某事 help sb. (to) do sth帮助某人做某事

14. want sth. 想买某物 want a sweater 想买一件毛衣15. come and buy your clothes 来买你的衣服16.“like+名词”喜欢某物 like sweaters 喜欢毛衣17.at very good prices 以非常优惠的价格 18.a sweater for school上学穿的毛衣19. T-shirts in red=red T-shirts 红T恤衫

20. socks for only¥5 每双袜子五元21. come to +地点 来某个地方 come to our school

22. buy sth. from some place从某地买某buy skirt from Huaxing Clothes Store

23. sell sth. to sb. = sell sb. sth.把某物卖给某sell the bike to him = sell him the bike 卖给他自行车24. have a look 看一看;看一眼have a look at = look at 看

1) Does your mother like __________(potato)? A. For B. At C. On

Yes,____________.

2) Tom likes __________(health)food.

3)There is ________food on the table .We like

4) ___lunch, she has lots of vegetables. 5) desks. 6) How much ________(be) the socks.? them ________.A.a lot B. a lot of C.lot 7) The green hats are on __________(sell). 8)______________(have) a look at our store.

Unit 8 When is your birthday?

词汇:月份 一月 二月 三月 四月

五月 六月 七月 八月 九月

十月十二月

重点短语:

basketball game September 5th 我妈妈的生日 volleyball game English party 今天下午 School Day have a school trip 在八月 how old Feb.11,1847 在下午 Happy Birthday 生日聚会 have two ball games October tenth 艺术节

1. “某人的生日”的表达有:your birthday 你的生日 mother’s birthday 妈妈的生日

Liu Ping’s birthday 刘平的生日

2. “几月几日”September 1 st 9月1日

重点语法:

1、问生日在哪天;2、基数词与序数词;基数词变序数词口诀:

基变序,有规律,尾部要加-th。

一、二、三,特殊记,结尾字母t, d, d (one----first, two---second, three---third)

八去t,九去e,ve要用f替 (eight—eighth, nine—ninth, five—fifth, twelve—twelfth)

y要改为ie (twenty—twentieth, thirty—thirtieth)

若是碰上几十几,只变个位就可以 (twenty-one---twenty-first, thirty-four—thirty-fourth)

句式:1. When + be动词+其他?询问时间

When is your birthday? When is your mother’s birthday? Joe, when is the school trip?

2. sb.’s birthday +be动词+日期 My birthday is June fourth. Her birthday is July 22 nd.

3. 问年龄用how old +be + 主语?答:主语 + be + 基数词(years old)

1) How old are you? I’m fifteen(years old) 你多大了?我15岁。

4. Do/Does sb. have /has...? Do you have a School Day at your school? Do you have an Art Festival?

5. sb. +be动词+年龄 I’m fifteen years old.

6. date of birth(出生日期)= birthday 7. Happy birthday! 生日快乐!

Unit 9 My favorite subject is science.

重点短语:

on Monday favorite subject after class 困难但有趣的 上英语课 science teacher

从…到…. 在 12 点

after lunch

1.科目 语文 体育 美术 科学音乐 数学

2.“favorite+名词”表示“最喜欢的……”favorite city最喜欢的城市favorite food最喜欢的食物

favorite color最喜欢的颜色favorite sport最喜欢的运动favorite subject最喜欢的科目

3. st, 前用 in, in 2013, in July, in spring, in the morning

4.“have+学科名词”表示“上…课” have math上数学课 have science上科学课

5.my music teacher我的音乐老师 6.my last class我的最后一节课

8.after lunch午饭后 after class下课后my dog和我的狗一起玩耍

句式1.询问某人最喜欢的物品的句型

—What’s your favorite subject?—My favorite subject is science

2.询问原因的句型及答语 —Why do you like P.E.?—Because it’s fun.

3.询问某人的句型及答语 —Who is your science teacher?—My science teacher is Mr Wang.

4.主系表结构——sb.+be动词+形容词I’m really busy!

5. 主系表结构——sth.+be动词+形容词 It’s difficult,but interesting.Music is relaxing.

6.and连接的并列句Our teacher is very strict and I’m usually very tired after. but 表转折

练习题

1.After_______(a\an\\)class we usually play volleyball __________(for\at\in\on)two hours.

2. I _________(not) like math. I like_________(play)with my dog.

3. I often play ________basketball with my classmates.

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