Tony高一英语上册语法知识点小结

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2021.9.22

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Tony寒假英语培训定语从句专讲

(一)定语从句分为限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句:

限定性定语从句:从句对先行词进行必要的描述或说明,缺少它,则句义显得不完整,从句与先行词紧密相连。

非限定性定语从句:对先行词进行补充说明,解释,它与先行词之间有逗号隔开。 (二)定语从句的结构:在复合句中,修饰某个名词或代词的句子(做这个名词或代词的定语)叫定语从句,定语从句一般放在被修饰的名词或代词后面,被修饰的名词或代词叫做定语从句的先行词,它与定语从句之间要有一个词连接,这个词指代先行词的内容叫做关系词(关系代词或关系副词:that, which, who, whose, when, where, why)。先行词在定语从句中充当主语,宾语,时间,地点,原因状语。 (三)关系词前面可以根据定语从句的内容加上一些介词,这些关系词在介词后面常用which 或whom. 1. There was a man with whom I would have to work together and finally the manager of the company.知识重点与难点 (一)当先行词有最高级,序数词修饰,或是all, no, only等形式时,关系代词一般用that,而不能用which。

1. The Titanic was the largest ship that had ever been built at that time.

2. There is one thing that keeps worrying me.

(三)定语从句的简化表达:

1. The man who is sitting on the platform is a professor from Wuhan University.

2. The letter that was mailed last night will reach him tomorrow.

3. The question that is being discussed is very important.

说明:以上的定语从句部分可以用更加简单的非谓语形式表达出来:

1. The man sitting on the platform is a professor from Wuhan University.

2. The letter mailed last night will reach him tomorrow.

3. The question being discussed is very important. [1] Friendship is needed by all, _____ plays an important role in people’s lives.

A. which B. that C. who D. it

[2] Uncle Li _____ I worked three years ago has retired now.

A. who B. whom C. with whom D. to whom

[3] Is this the reason _____ at the meeting for his carelessness in his wo

A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained

[4] Teachers, _____ work is rather hard, are being better paid than before. A. who B. that C. which D. whose

[5] The houses _____ for the teachers and the construction work will start soon.

A. built B. to be built C. to build D. being built

[6] She has three children, _____ is working in Australia. A. who B. one of whom C. one of them D. none of them

1. Susan is the very girl _____ the good deed.

A. whom I think did B. whom I think she did C. who I think did D. I think who did

2. Luckily, the poor boy had enough money _____ he could buy a train ticket.

A. by which B. on which C. with which D. for which

3. The book _____ he devoted much time is to come out next month. A. where B. which C. to which D. on which

4. The day came finally _____ I was given an opportunity to act in the play.

A. when B. in that C. which D. in which

5. 1. Don’t you think the question _____ tomorrow is of great importance.

A. being discussed B. discussed C. to be discussed D. to discuss

6. Do you know the teacher _____ under the big tree ?

A. read B. reads C. reading D. being read

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【试题答案】

1. C Susan 正是我认为作了好事的那位女孩。先行词the very girl在从句中做think的宾语,同时又是后面宾语从句did the good deed.的主语,所以关系词不能用whom

2. C 定语从句_____ he could buy a train ticket.修饰先行词money:用这笔钱买火车票。关系词前面需要加介词:with

3. C 定语从句_____ he devoted much time意思是:他把大量的时间都投入在这本书上了。devote?.to sth.关系词前加介词:to

4. A 定语从句_____ I was given an opportunity to act in the play修饰先行词the day :先行词the day在从句中做时间状语:在这一天我得到了扮演一个角色的机会。

5. C 短语_____ tomorrow做定语修饰the question,根据表达的内容:明天即将被讨论的问题。应当用不定式的被动结构做定语。

6. D 短语_____ at the moment做the food的定语,表示:正在做的食物。Being done 做定语表示:正在被??的??。

7. C 现在分词短语reading under the big tree做定语修饰the teacher 表示:正在大树下看书的那位老师。

情态动词

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1. 情态动词的推测表达2. 情态动词表达虚拟语气3. 某些情态动词的特殊用法

情态动词在表达推测意义的句子中的运用:

(一)用情态动词表达事实的推测。can,could,might,may,must可以用来表达对事实的推测。根据说话人对事实的把握性大小,must表示“肯定?”,may / might / can / could表示“可能??”, must只用于肯定句中,may / might的否定式may not / might not表示 “可能不??”, 而can / could可以用于疑问句,表示“可能,可能??吗?”,其否定式can’t / couldn’t 表示“不可能”。用情态动词可以对现在或过去的事实进行推测。对不同的时间内容推测有不同的结构。

(二)对现在的事实进行推测:主要结构:?must / may / might +动词原形

be+名词/形容词/介词短语 be + doing

例句:

1. You must be Jeanne. I’m Mathilde Loisel. We used to know each other very well.

2. They must be in bed already at this time of the night.

3. The teacher must be joking.

4. Freda isn’t in class. She must be sick.

5. There must be something wrong.

6. She might be very clever, but she hasn’t got much common sense.

7. He may be arriving this evening.

8. He may be traveling around the world.

9. The keys can’t be in the room. I have just searched it very carefully.

10. Can the news be true ?

(三)对过去的事实进行推测:结构:情态动词+have done / been+名词/形容词/介词短语

例句:

1. Mrs. Longmans must have been a pretty girl in her youth.

2. He couldn’t have seen Anna yesterday. She’s gone abroad.

3. I think I must have left my glasses in the library.

4. He might have overslept again.

5. Where can Tom have gone ?

情态动词表达虚拟语气:表达“本来?”,“不然早就?”。这是情态动词的一种虚拟语气用法。表示说话人所讲的与所发生的事实相反。表达了说话人的埋怨,后悔的语气。其结构是在一些情态动词后面加 have done 结构。根据要表达的意思,有如下结构: should have done / ought to have done:本应该??

shouldn’t have done / oughtn’t to have done:本不该??

could have done:本来可以??

needn’t have done:本来没必要??

would like to have done:本来很想??

would rather not have done: 本来不愿意??

could / might / have done: 不然早就??

例句:

1. You shouldn’t have laughed at his mistakes.

2. You could have told us earlier.

3. I ought to have bought that dictionary last week.

4. You ought not to have spent so much time in reading novels.

5. We need not have been in a tearing hurry to catch the train.

6. They would like to have seen that film last film.

7. If he had given me his number, I could have telephoned him.

8. They might have been frozen to death but for the rescue in time.

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知识难点:

某些情态动词的特殊用法:

need 和dare 的两种形式的用法

need 和dare可以用做实义动词,后面接不定式(to do)结构,在疑问句和否定句中,加助动词do/does/did/或

don’t/doesn’t/didn’t。作为情态动词使用时,主要用于疑问句和否定句中。情态动词needn’t(没有必要,不必)相当于don’t have to

例句:

1. It is cold, you need to wear some warm clothes.

2. Need I stay here with you for a while ? Thank you, you needn’t.

3. How dare you speak to parents like that ?

注意:

句型I dare say+从句。 意思是:我肯定?? = I’m sure或There is no doubt that+从句。

例句:

I dare say that my uncle will get the money if I die.

will和would

表示“意志”或“愿意”,would 则指过去愿意做??

例句:

1. He said that he would help us.

2. You may telephone if you will accept this job.

would可以表达“过去习惯做??”类似于“used to do”

例句:

1. When we were children, we would go swimming every summer in that river.

表示请求,固定的句型:Will/Would you please do?? / Would you like to do??

例句:Will/Would you please give him a message when you see him ? shall

1. 用于第一,三人称,表示“请求”;“建议” 或“推荐”

例句:

1. Shall we start the meeting now?

2. Shall I watch TV now ?

3. Shall my son carry the case for you ?

2. 用于第二人称,表示“命令,“要求”,“许诺”

例句:

1. You shall take whatever you like.

2. You shall not go to the party with me if you make so much noise again.

在表示推测的否定句或疑问句中,常用can /can’t /could / couldn’t表示,意思是:“可能?吗?”;“?不可能?”。而不能使用mustn’t或must等词。

【典型例题】

1. —Do you think he will do me a favor ?

—As far as I know, he is the last one to help others. He _____ be prepared to give you a hand, though.

A. might B. must C. can D. should

分析:本题考查情态动词推测性用法。 根据he is the last one to help others.(他是最不可能帮助别人的人),既然如此,那么“帮助你”的可能性也就最小了。 答案为A

2. —Look, someone is coming. Guess who it ____ be ?

—I think it ___ be Tom.

—I don’t think it ___ be ____ .

A. can ; must ; can ; he B. may ; can ; must ; him

C. must ; can ; must ; his D. might ; must ; can ; himself

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分析:根据备选答案。 can表示推测时用于疑问句或否定句中。本题首句就应该是Guess who can it be? 第二句应该是I think it must be Tom.(说话人十分肯定)。第三句表达了说话人对前一个人的否定。即:I don’t think it can be him/he.(不可能是他)。答案为A

3. —Do you know Ms. Wang likes walking after supper ?

—Sure. She ____ around the campus now.

A. must be walking B. must walk

C. may walk D. may be walking

分析:关键词Sure告诉我们说话人的口气十分肯定。根据句子语境:她此刻肯定正在校园散步呢。must be doing表示肯定正在做。答案为A

4. —I stayed at a hotel in New York.

—Oh, did you ? You _____ with Barbara.

A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would say D. must have stayed

分析:首句说:我在纽约住在一家宾馆里。在此a hotel是泛指。所以D选项不合题意。第二句在说:你本来可以和Barbara.住在一起的。Could have done表示:本来可以。答案为A

5. Why didn’t you tell me there was no meeting today ? I _____ all the way here through the heavy snow.

A. needn’t have driven B. can’t have driven

C. mustn’t have driven D. shouldn’t have driven

分析:根据句意:你为什么不告诉我今天没有会?我本来没必要冒着大雪开车跑这么多路。Needn’t have done表示本来没必要。答案为A

6. I was really anxious about you. You _____ home without a word.

A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left

C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave

分析:根据句意:我真的很担心你,你真不应该一句话都不说就离开家。“离开家”已经发生了。Should have done正好表达了本句的意思。答案为B

7. A:Are you coming to Jeff’s party ?

B:I’m not sure. I _____ go to the concert instead.

A. must B. would C. should D. might

分析:根据B的回答:我不一定去,我有可能去听音乐会。Might表示推测:可能。答案为D

8. A:I promise that she ____ get a nice present on her birthday.

B:Will it be a big surprise to her ?

A. should B. must C. would D. shall

分析:A说:“我答应她在生日聚会上她会得到一份生日礼物。shall表示许诺。答案为D

【模拟试题】

1. A:Is John coming by train ?

B:He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car.

A. must B. can C. need D. may

2. Mr. White _____ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn’t show up.

A. should have arrived B. should arrive

C. should have had arrived D. should be arriving

3. Sorry, I’m late. I _____ have turned off the alarm and gone to sleep again.

A. might B. should C. can D. will

4. You _____ be tired—You’ve only been working for an hour.

A. must not B. won’t C. can’t D. may not

5. —I didn’t go to work yesterday afternoon because my car broke down.

—You _____ mine. I wasn’t using it.

A. might borrow B. could have borrowed

C. can have borrowed D. ought to borrow

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6. —A man answered the phone. I suppose it was her husband.

—It _____ her husband. He has been dead for ages.

A. mustn’t be B. couldn’t have been

C. may not have been D. mustn’t have been

【试题答案】

1. 分析:根据B的回答“他应该(坐火车来),但是也不一定,他喜欢开自己的车。本题考查了情态动词的推测用法。may表示不十分有把握的推测。答案为D

2. 分析:根据句意:White先生本应该在8:30到这里出席会议的,可他(在8:30)没有到场。Should have done表示:本应该。答案为A

3. 分析:本句是说话人在解释迟到的原因:我或许是关掉闹钟又睡了。might have done 表示对过去的推测:可能已经??答案为A

4. 分析:根据后半句You’ve only been working for an hour.(你才刚干了一个小时)说明

You _____ be tired(你不可能很累),can’t 表示“不可能”答案为C

5. 分析:听到对方说“昨天车坏了而没去上班”,第二个人说“你本来可以借我的车去

上班。” 本来可以/能:could have done. 答案为B

6. 分析:第二个人是说:那个人不可能是她丈夫,因为她丈夫已经去世多年了。根据对

话的语境,是在谈论过去的事,表示过去不可能:could not have done 答案为:B

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与it有关的主要句型 it强调句型

(一)it用做形式主语或形式宾语:根据句子结构的需要,it用做形式主语或形式宾语,而真正的主语或宾语(to do 短语,doing短语,名词性从句)则放在句尾。:

1. It will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English .

2. It’s usual for close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs .

3. It’s a pity that I didn’t think of it earlier.

4. It’s no use going there so early.

(二)其他句型

1. It takes+时间段+sb.+ to do sth.2. 表示“据说,据报道,/人们认为/相信/建议等

It’s said that??.It’s reported that ??It’s believed/thought/suggested that??

例句:

1. It generally takes time to reach this point

3. It’s suggested that we should have a meeting to discuss the problem .

3. It was once predicted(预测)that British and American English would become separate languages finally .

(三)it在强调句型中:在英语中,为了突出强调句子的某一个成分(谓语除外),达到强调或使听话人特别注意这一部分的目的。便形成了一种强调句型。

It is / was+被强调的部分+that / who+句子的其他部分。It is / was not until+时间+that+句子的其他部分。

例句: It was John who/that I saw on my way to school this morning.

It was on my way to school that I saw John this morning.

It was this morning that I saw John on my way to school.

2. It was his best suit that John wore to the dance last night.

3. It was not until 1920 that regular radio broadcast began.:

1. I don’t think possible to master a foreign language without much memory. A. this B. that C. its D. it

2. Tom’s mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but didn’t help.A. he B. which C. she D. it 3. is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.A. There B. This C. That D. It

4. It was in the small house ___ was built with stones by his father ___he spent his childhood.

A. which ; that B. that ; where C. which ; which D. that ; which

翻译:

(1)It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are.

(2)Only when we cannot see perfectly do we realize how important our eyes are.

3. It was in surgery that the results of that discovery were obtained, and it was there that the battle between the new idea and the old prejudices was fought out most dramatically.

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【模拟试题】

一. 单项选择:

1. Nobody thinks very polite to be always cutting in when another person is talking.

A. that B. this C. it D. there

2. I was disappointed with the film, I had expected to be much better.

A. this B. that C. one D. it

3. He tore up my photo and upset me.

A. this B. it C. which D. what

4. It was with great courage the boy told the truth he had stolen the money.

A. which ; that B. when ; what

C. as ; that D. that ; that

5. When I try to find that prevents so many people from taking part in the program, it seems to me that there are two main causes.

A. what it does B. what it is

C. why it does D. why it is

6. Nancy is expecting another baby and hopes will be a boy.

A. he B. that C. it D. there

二. 句型转换:

将下列陈述句按划线的内容变为强调句。

1. The children often help their parents do the farm work.

2. In 1993, a tomato was developed that was very different from any grown before.

3. The biggest problem of Chinese farmers is the shortage of arable land.

4. Future agriculture should depend on high technology as well as traditional methods.

三. 阅读理解:

A

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It is important to know another language and how to communicate without words when you are in another country. Before saying anything, people communicate with each other by using gestures(手势). However, many gestures have different meanings, or no meaning at all, in different parts of the world.

In the United States, nodding your head up and down means “yes”, while in some pats of Greece and Turkey, it means “no”. In the southeast of Asia, it is a polite way of saying “I heard you”.

Today in the USA, when someone puts his thumb up, it means “Everything is all right.” However, in Greece it is bad. Also putting your clasped(紧握的)hands up above your head means “I am the winner.” It is the sign which players often make. In Russia it is the sign of friendship.

In the USA, holding your hand up with the thumb and index finger(食指), and the other three straight means “Everything is OK.” In France, it means “You are worth nothing.”

It is also important to make eye communication. If you look down when talking to an American, he or she may feel that you are shy, or you are trying to hide something.

Besides these, you should also know there are some topics that can not be talked about, such as age, weight and marriage. You can talk about the weather, work, sports, food, where one lives and news of the day.

1. Which of the following is true?

A. People all over the world only communicate by words.

B. Many gestures either have different meanings or no meanings at all.

C. Gestures are the most common way to communicate.

D. People can talk about anything in another country.

2. In Greece nodding your head means “_________.”

A. Yes. B. No

C. I heard you D. I am the winner

3. Putting the thumb up should not be used in _____.

A. Greece B. the USA C. England D. China

4. What does this sentence mean “?.your action can speak louder than your words” ?

A. What you do is better than what you say.

B. You try your best to be polite.

C. You are better understood by your gestures than through your words.

D. What you say is better than what you do.

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5. The main idea of the passage is that when you are in another country, _____.

A. it is important to know the language.

B .it is important to know what you talk about to a foreigner.

C. to know how to communicate without words is as important as to know the language.

D. to communicate through gestures is more important than to know the language.

B

“In the old days,” as one wife said. “ The husband was the husband and the wife was the wife.” In the past husbands each had their own way of going on. The wives’ jobs were to look after them.

“The wives wouldn’t stand for it nowadays. Husbands help with the children now. They stay more, as well as have more interest, at home.” We shall give some examples of what husbands do, firstly in sharing work with their wives; and secondly, in their largely independent domain(领域)of house repairs.

“Some husbands, as well as doing much of the heavy work in the home, carrying the coals, and emptying the rubbish, act as assistants to their wives for at least part of the day.” Mr. Hammond washes up the dishes every night and lays the breakfast for the morning. Mr. Clark said that on Sunday mornings he usually hovered(吸尘)around and read plays aloud for his wife while she did a bit of washing. Mr. Davis polishes the floors and helps to make the beds at weekend, and during weekdays, takes the dog out for one of his twice-daily walks. So it goes on?.

1. The expression “act as assistants to their wives” means that ____.

A. husbands read plays aloud.

B. husbands are paid by their wives.

C. husbands help their wives.

D. husbands look after their sick children.

2. the meaning of the wife’s words at the beginning of the passage were that ____.

A. in the past men stayed at home all day.

B. in the past there was a clear division of role in the family.

C. in the past most boys and girls were married at an early age.

D. in the past wives and husbands lived separately.

3. What does Mr. Davis do at weekends ?

A. He cleans the floors and makes the beds.

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B. He reads plays aloud and does the weekly shopping.

C. He cooks food for his wife.

D. He takes the dog out for a walk.

4. In the past, the woman’s main job was to ___.

A. take the children to school.

B. take care of their husband.

C. do the washing up.

D. dig the garden.

5. The passage is mainly about____.

A. the division of husbands, wives and children.

B. how to get on well between husbands and wives.

C. the relationship between husband, wives and children.

D. the relationship between husband and wives today.

【试题答案】

一. 单项选择:

1. C,it在句中做形式宾语。句型为think it +形容词+to do something

2. D,it在句中作为代词指代前面说的film

3. B,it作为代词指代前面He tore up my photo这件事。

4. D,这是一个带有同位语从句的强调句,“这个男孩怀着极大的勇气说出了他偷东西的真相。he had stolen the money.做the truth的同位语从句,用that引导。

5. B,这是一个强调句的变形,强调句变成了特殊疑问句又做find的宾语从句,what是被强调的内容。根据句义:我在努力发现到底是什么阻止了这么多人参加这个项目。

6. C,Nancy很快又要有一个孩子了,她希望这是个男孩。指代baby用代词it

二. 句型转换:

1. It is the children that often help their parents do the farm work.

2. It was In 1993 that a tomato was developed that was very different from any grown before.

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3. It is the shortage of arable land that the biggest problem of Chinese farmers is

4. It is high technology as well as traditional methods that future agriculture should depend on.

三. 阅读理解:A

答案与分析:

1. B 细节判断题,根据第一段However, many gestures have different meanings, or no meaning at all, in different parts of the world.可以得知:许多手势在某些地区要么有着不同的含义要么根本就没有任何意义。

2. B 根据第二段内容可以得知点头在希腊某些地区的含义。

3. A 根据第三段:Today in the USA, when someone puts his thumb up, it means “Everything is all right.” However, in Greece it is bad.可以得知树大拇指在希腊的含义不同于在美国。它是“不好”的表示,不应使用。C,D两项代章没有涉及。

4. C 语句理解。根据第一段内容:人们在国外与人交流要么懂得外语,要么学会使用手势交流。所以说“通过手势动作比通过语言能更好地被人理解。

5. C 考查代章的主旨。第一段第一句交代了代章的主题。

B

答案与分析:

1. C,根据第三段:“Some husbands, as well as doing much of the heavy work in the home, carrying the coals, and emptying the rubbish, act as assistants to their wives for at least part of the day.” 可以得知丈夫在也帮助他们的妻子。

2. B,根据第一段可以知道:在过去,在家庭中夫妻各有分工,充当各自的角色。

3. A,根据最后一段:Mr. Davis polishes the floors and helps to make the beds at weekend, and during weekdays, takes the dog out for one of his twice-daily walks.可以得出结论。

4. B,根据第一段:The wives’ jobs were to look after them.可以知道过去妻子的任务。

5. D,考查代章的主旨:从全代内容上看,代章讲述了夫妻在家中的关系。

主谓一致

知识总结归纳(一)概述:主语与谓语的一致:在英语表达中,谓语动词的形式要和主语的人称和数保持一致。主要体现在be动词,助动词do, have 以及一般现在时态中的动词形式。谓语动词与主语保持一致的基本原则:语法一致,就近一致和意义一致。(二)语法一致:1. 由and连接的两个名词或代词做主语:(1)这部分主语表示的是两个人或两件不同的事物,谓语动词用复数形式。例句:① My brother and I have both seen that film.② Both rice and wheat are grown in this part of China.③ The poet and the novelist were both present at the meeting.

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(2)这部分主语表示具有两个身份或性质的同一个人或一个完整的事物,谓语动词用单数形式。

例句:① The professor and writer is speaking at the meeting.② War and peace is a constant theme in history. ③ One more knife and fork is needed.

(3)这部分主语前面有each, every, many a, no 等修饰时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。

例句:① Each doctor and(each)nurse was given a new shirt.② No sound and no voice is heard.

③ Many a boy and girl has made the same mistake.④ Every minute and every second is precious.

2. 动名词,不定式,主语从句做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例句:① Reading is a great pleasure in life. ② To live means to create.③ That we need more time is obvious.

3. 表示时间,金钱,距离,重量的复数名词表示数量做主语时,被视为一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。

例句:① Three thousand miles is a long distance.② Eight hours of sleep is enough.

4. 不定代词anyone, anything, everyone, everything, someone, something, no one, nothing, each the other 等做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例句:① Is anybody going to tell him the news ? ② Someone wants to see you.

(三)就近原则 由连词or, either?or, neither?nor, not only?but also, 连接的两个名词或代词做主语时,谓语动词和离它最近的哪个名词或代词的人称和数一致。例句:1. Either you or Jean is to be sent to New Zealand.2. Not only his family but also he likes Chaplin’s movies.3.George or Tom is wanted.注意:There be句型中be 的形式由它后面的第一个名词的数决定。

5. 限定词短语all of?; none of?; a lot of?; 以及分数/百分数+of ?.修饰名词构成的名词短语做主语时,谓语动词的形式由of 后面的名词形式决定。例句:(1)None of these suggestions are very helpful.

【典型例题】

[例1] E-mail, as well as telephones, _____ an important part in daily communication.

A. is playing B. have played C. are playing D. play

分析:带有as well as 短语的名词做主语时,谓语动词与这个名词的人称和数一致,不受as well as 短语内容的影响。E-mail是单数形式,故选择A。

[例2] Either John or his friends _____ to blame for the bad results.

A. are B. is C. was D. has been

分析:either?or..连接两个名词做主语时,其谓语动词与离它最近的名词的数和人称一致,本题中his friends 决定了谓语动词的形式,故选择A。

[例3] The conductor and composer _____ by a crowd of people.

A. are greeted B. is greeted C. greets D. have been greeted

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分析:根据句意,主语部分的The conductor and composer 是指一个人即:乐队指挥兼作曲家, 所以主语的内容是单数形式,故选择B。

[例4] —The trousers _____ you well, madam.—But the colour _____ me.

A. fit; don’t suit B. fits; doesn’t suit C. fits; don’t suit D. fit; doesn’t suit

分析:trousers, clothes, glasses,等名词本身就是复数形式。谓语动词用复数形式。Colour 是单数,谓语用单数,故选择D。

[例5] The Smith’s family, which _____ rather a large one, _____ very fond of their old house.

A. were; were B. was; were C. were; was D. was; was

分析:family指“家庭”为单数,指“家庭成员”为复数形式。第一空格前的which 指“家庭” 谓语用was. 第二空格后的fond of指“家庭成员喜欢他们的老房子” 谓语为were,故选择B。

1. —Is there anybody in the classroom ?—No, the teacher, together with the students _____ to the playground.

A. go B. went C. has gone D. have gone

2. —Are these your sheep ?—No. Mine _____ on grass at the foot of the hill.

A. are feeding B. feed C. is fed D. is feeding

3. Sitting at the back of the room but in front of some old men and women _____ a very shy

girl with two bright eyes. A. was B. are C. were D. there was

4. Mr. Bush, together with his wife and daughter ____ going to Japan next week. A.are B.is C.will be D.would be

5. Not the teacher but the students _____ excited. A. is B. has C. are D. have

6. As I have a meeting at four, ten minutes ____all that I can spare to talk with you. A. are B. was C.is D. were

7. _____ of the land in that district _____ covered with trees and grass.

A. Two fifth; is B. Two fifths; are C. Two fifth; are D. Two fifths; is

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【试题答案】

1. C 分析:本题考查的主谓一致的内容与上一题相同,从句子的语境判断,应当用现在完成时。

2. A 分析:mine指my sheep 为复数形式。是主动语态。

3. A 分析:本句为倒装句。主语是a very shy girl with two bright eyes.核心主语是a very shy girl,为单数,全句为过去时。

4. B 分析:全句的核心主语是Mr. Bush,为单数,全句为将来时。

5. C 分析:运用就近原则,谓语动词和主语the students 一致,此处为主系表结构,用be动词。

6. C 分析:主语ten minutes表示时间,被视为一个整体,为单数形式。全句是现在时。

7. D 分析:本句核心主语是land,为单数形式,同时注意分数的表达形式。

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