初中英语比较级总结及练习

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2021.10.7

课时四

形容词的级

我们在对两个或以上的人或物进行对比时,则要使用比较或最高级形式。构成如下:

一) 一般在词后加er或est(如果是以e结尾则直接加r或st)。如:greater-greatest, shorter –shortest, taller –tallest, longer –longest, nicer- nicest, larger -largest

二)以重读闭音节结尾且1个元音字母+1个辅音字母(字母组合除外,如few-fewer fewest)结尾的双写结尾的辅音再加er /est。如:big-bigger biggest, red-redder reddest, hot-hotter hottest

三) 以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i加er/est。如:happy-happier happiest, sorry-sorrier sorriest, friendly-friendlier friendliest(more friendly most friendly), busy-busier busiest, easy-easier easiest

四)特殊情况:(两好多坏,一少老远)

good/well - better best many/much - more most bad/ill – worse worst

little- less least old- older/elder oldest/eldest far- farther/further farthest/furthest

五)其它双音节和多音节词皆在前面加单词more和most。

【例】 careful more careful most careful difficult more difficult most difficult delicious more delicious most delicious

二、 形容词各等级的用法:

1、 原级(同级)比较:as?as?; not as(so)?as?

We’ll give you as much help as we can.

She isn’t as(so)active in sports as before.

2. 比较级:表示两者之间比?? 更??可用状语much, a little, even等修饰: He made fewer mistakes than I did.

He is even richer than I.

3、 高级:形容词最高级前必须加the, 副词最高级前常省略the,后面多用of??, in??短语表示范围:

It was the most/least interesting story I have ever listened. He is the tallest of the three.

4、 如果在两者之间表示“最??”时要在比较级前加the,而且还用of the two, of the pair短语:

John is the clever of the two boys.

Of the two boys, John is the clever.

三、 重点与难点:

1、 as?as?结构:你和汤姆是一样好的孩子。

You’re a boy as good as Tom.=You’re as good a boy as Tom.

2、 形容词原级表示比较级含义:

约翰不象迈克那么苯。John is not so stupid as Mike. John is less stupid than Mike.

John is cleverer than Mike.

3、用比较级表示最高级:约翰是班里最高的男生。

John is taller than any other boy in the class.

John is the tallest boy in the class.

John is taller than any other boy.

any of the other boy.

all the other boy.

any of the others.

any one else.

5、 the more?.. the more?.表示“越??越??”:

The more books you read, the wider your knowledge is. The more food you eat, the fatter you are.

6、more and more?.表示“越来??越??”:

More and more students realized the importance of a

foreignlanguage.

Our country is getting stronger and stronger.

课堂练习

(一) 写出下列形容词与副词的比较级与最高级形式:

long_____ ______ wide ______ _______ fat ____ _____

heavy____ ______ slow ______ _______ few____ _____

brightly______ -_____ bably _____ _______ far____ _____

quickly _____ ______ happy_____ -______ unhappy________

(二)用所给词的正确形式填空:

1. Of the two girls, I find Lucy the _______ (clever).

2. Gold(黄金) is ______ (little) useful than iron(铁).

3. My sister is two years _______ (old ) than I.

4. John’s parents have four daughters, and she is the _____ (young) child.

5. The _____ (cheap) bags are the not usually the best ones.

6. The short one is by far _______ expensive of the five.

7. The boy is not so ______ (interesting) as his brother.

8. Dick sings _____ (well), she sings ______(well) than John, but Mary

sings______(well) in her class.

9. She will be much ______ (happy) in her mew house.

10. This dress is ______ that.(twice, as…as…, expensive)

1. This box is___ that one.

A. heavy than B. so heavy than

C. heavier as D. as heavy as

2 When we speak to people, we should be ' .

A. as polite as possible B. as polite as possibly

C. as politely as possible D. as politely as possibly

3 This book is____ that one, but____ than that one.

A. as difficult as; expensive

B. as more difficult as; more expensive

C. as difficult as; more expensive

D. more difficult as; as expensive

4 I think the story is not so ___ as that one.

A. interesting B. interested C. more interesting D. most interesting

5 His father began to work____ he was seven years old.

A. as old as B. as early as C. since D. while

2

1. I think science is _ than Japanese.

A. much important B. important C. much more important D. more much

important

2 This pencil is___ than that one.

^. longest B. long C. longer D. as long

3 My mother is no ___ young.

A. shorter B. longer C. little D. few

4 These children are ____ this year than they were last year.

A. more tall B. more taller C. very taller D. much taller

5 It was very hot yesterday, but it is___ today.

A. even hotter B. more hotter

C. much more hot D. much hot

6. Mrs Black has got____ instead of getting any better.

A. more bad B. a little worse C. much badly D. a lot of worse

C C B D A B D A C A B

课后练习

一、选择填空

1. Which does Jimmy like _____ , Chinese or Art? A. well B. best

C. better D. much

2. The Changjiang River is one of _____ in the world.

A. the longest river B. longest rivers C. the longest rivers D. longer rivers

3. _____ of the two women is Mrs Brown.

A. The beautiful B. The more beautiful C. More beautiful

D. The most beautiful

4. My mooncake is nicer _____ his. A. like B. with C. for

D. than

5. You are fatter than _____ . A. he B. his C. him D. he is tall

6. He jumps _____ of the three. A. far B. further C. farthest

D. furthest

7. My hair is longer than _____ .

A. my sister B. Kate C. my brother’s D. Lucys’

8. There are _____ paper here .Please bring some. A. little B. less

C. fewer D. a little

9. The pen is _____ than that one.

A. more cheap B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper

10.Tom speaks Chinese _____ better than Jimmy. A. more B. very C. a lot of D. much

11.There are _____ girls in Class Two than in Class Four.

A. more B. nicest C. most D. best

12.It’s too _____ for you to do that.

A. easy B. more dangerous C. harder D. the easiest

13.Who has _____ apples now, Jim, Lily or Lucy? A. much B. biggest

C. better D. the most

14.You have more rulers than me. But _____ are nicer than _____ .

A. mine, yours B. mine, your C. my, yours D. my, your

15.Tingting is _____ than Meimei, but Meimei is _____ than Tingting.

A. all, stronger B. taller, strongest C. tallest, strong

D. taller, stronger

二、用所给词的适当形式填空

1.Your classroom is _____ (wide) and _____ (bright) than ours

2.There are _____ (few) hours of sunlight a day in winter than in summer.

3.Which do you like _____ (well) , maths or chemistry?

4.This is the _____ (good) film I have ever seen.

5.Africa is the second _____ (large) continent.

6.What he said made his mother much _____ (angry) .

7.I’m not as _____ (careful) as he.

8.We’ve got as _____ (many) books as we need.

9.Pratice as _____ (much) as you can.

10.They have done _____ (much) work with _____ (little) money.

11.You’re the _____ (kind) person I’ve ever met.

12.He is _____ (young) than his two sisters.

13.The _____ (old) I get, the _____ (strong) I seem to feel.

14.The weather is getting _____ (warm) and _____ (warm) .

15.Summer is _____ (hot) season of the year

答案:

CCDDA CDBCD AADAD

1. wider, brighter 2. fewer 3. better 4. best 5. largest 6. angry 7. careful 8. many 9. much 10. more, less 11. kindest 12. younger 13. older, stronger, 14. warmer, warmer 15. the hottest


第二篇:初中英语比较级_最高级_讲解及练习(全) 8200字

形容词比较级、最高级练习

(一)一般句式的构成: A + is / are+ 形容词比较级+ than + B

A 是主格 B 是宾格 如: She is taller than me. 主格 形容词比较级 宾格

(二)英语形容词比较级的构成

英语形容词比较等级有三个:原级,比较级和最高级。形容词比较等级形式变化有规则的和不规则的两种。规则变化

1)单音节词末尾加-er(比较级),-est(最高级)

【例】 原级 比较级 最高级

great greater greatest small smaller smallest clean cleaner cleanest

2)单音节如以e结尾,只加-r(比较级),-st(最高级)

【例】 fine finer finest wide wider widest

3)闭音节单音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母,须先双写这个辅音字母,再加-er(比较级),-est(最高级)

【例】 big bigger biggest hot hotter hottest red redder reddest

4)少数以-y,-er,ow,-ble结尾的双音节词,末尾加-er(比较级),-est(最高级)。以-y结尾的词,如-y前是辅音字母,则变y为-i,再加-er和-est。以-e结尾的词只加-r和-st。

【例】 clever cleverer cleverest narrow narrower narrowest

able abler ablest easy easier easiest

5)其它双音节和多音节词皆在前面加单词more和most。

【例】 careful more careful most careful difficult more difficult most difficult delicious more delicious most delicious

不规则变化

原级 比较级 最高级

good------better------best many------more------most much------more------most bad------worse------worst far------farther, further------farthest, furthest

形容词前如加 less 和 least 则表示"较不"和"最不"

important 重要 less important 较不重要 least important 最不重要

注:有些形容词一般没有比较等级。如: right, wrong, woolen等。

形容词的比较等级的用法:比较级用于二者的比较。

【例】 Li Ping is older than Wang Hai. 李平比王海年纪大。

There are more students in Class One than in Class Two.一班比二班学生多。

二、 形容词各等级的用法:

1、 原级(同级)比较:as…as…; not as(so)…as…

We’ll give you as much help as we can. She isn’t as(so)active in sports as before.

2. 比较级:表示两者之间比…… 更……可用状语much, a little, even等修饰: He made fewer mistakes than I did. He is even richer than I.

3、 高级:形容词最高级前必须加the, 副词最高级前常省略the,后面多用of……, in……短语表示范围:

It was the most/least interesting story I have ever listened. He is the tallest of the three.

4、 如果在两者之间表示“最……”时要在比较级前加the,而且还用of the two, of the pair短语:

John is the clever of the two boys. Of the two boys, John is the clever.

三、 重点与难点:

1、 as…as…结构:你和汤姆是一样好的孩子。

You’re a boy as good as Tom.=You’re as good a boy as Tom.

2、 (1)too…to与 so…that sb.can’t…的句型转换:前者为简单句,主语只有一个,而后者为复合句,主语有两个,试比较:

The milk was too hot to drink. The milk was so hot that we can’t drink it. 1

(2) too…to…与 not enough to句型的转换:

He is too young to get married.=He is not old enough to get married.

The book is too difficult for me to read.=The book is not easy enough for me to read.

3、 形容词原级表示比较级含义:

约翰不象迈克那么苯。John is not so stupid as Mike.

John is less stupid than Mike. John is cleverer than Mike.

4、 用比较级表示最高级:约翰是班里最高的男生。

John is taller than any other boy in the class.

John is the tallest boy in the class. John is taller than :any other boy.

any of the other boy./all the other boy./any of the others./any one else.

5、 the more….. the more….表示“越……越……”:

The more books you read, the wider your knowledge is.

The more food you eat, the fatter you are.

6、 more and more….表示“越来……越……”:

More and more students realized the importance of a foreign language.

Our country is getting stronger and stronger.

英语语法之形容词比较级和最高级练习题

1. This box is___ that one.

A. heavy than B. so heavy than C. heavier as D. as heavy as

2 When we speak to people, we should be ' .

A. as polite as possible B. as polite as possibly

C. as politely as possible D. as politely as possibly

3 This book is____ that one, but____ than that one.

A. as difficult as; expensive B. as more difficult as; more expensive

C. as difficult as; more expensive D. more difficult as; as expensive

4 I think the story is not so ___ as that one.

A. interesting B. interested C. more interesting D. most interesting 5 His father began to work____ he was seven years old.

A. as old as B. as early as C. since D. while

6. I think science is _ than Japanese.

A. much important B. important C. much more important D. more much important

7. This pencil is___ than that one.

A. longest B. long C. longer D. as long

8. My mother is no ___ young.

A. shorter B. longer C. little D. few

9. These children are ____ this year than they were last year.

A. more tall B. more taller C. very taller D. much taller

10. It was very hot yesterday, but it is___ today.

A. even hotter B. more hotter C. much more hot D. much hot

11. Mrs Black has got____ instead of getting any better.

A. more bad B. a little worse C. much badly D. a lot of worse

12. When we arrived, we found the meeting room crowded with___ students.

A. quite a few B. only a few C. few D. a few quite

13.The house is small for a family of six.

A. much too B. too much C. very much D.so

14.Through the window we can see nothing but ____ buildings.

A. tall very many B. very many tall C. very tall many D. many very tal

2

一、写出以下各形容词的比较级和最高级:

1. nice __________ _________ 2. fat _________ ________3. slow ________ _________ 4. dry _________ _________5. happy ________ _________ 6. wet ________ _________ 7. much ________ _________ 8. ill _____ _________9. little ________ _____________ 10. bad ________ _________11. thin _________ _________ 12. far __________ __________ 13. early _______ ______

二、根据句意,用所括号内所级形容词的比较等级形式填空:

1. Bob is _________ ( young ) than Fred but ___________ (tall) than Fred. 2. Yingtian is not as ___________ (tall) as Yongxian. 3. Almost all the students' faces are the same but Li Deming looks _______(fat) than before . 4.Which is _________ (heavy), a hen or a chicken? 5.-- How _________ (tall) is Sally? -- She' s 1.55 metres ________ (tall). What about Xiaoling? -- She' s only 1.40 metres ________(tall). She is much _______(short) than Sally. She is also the _______ (short) girl in the class. 6. He is ______ (bad) at learning maths. He is much _______ (bad) at Chinese and he is the _________ (bad) at English. 7. Annie says Sally is the ________ (kind) person in the world. __(friendly) people in the class, I think. 9. A dictionary is much (expensive) than a story-book. 11. The Changjiang River is the _______ (long) river in China. 13.My room is not as 14.--How difficult is physics? --I' m not sure. -- (difficult) than maths? -- I don' t think so. -- Sue plays it _____ (well) than Annie. And Sally plays it the _______(well).

三、翻译句子:

1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。 ________ is _________than Jim? ________are 2、谁比David更强壮?是 Gao Shan.________ _________ thanDavid? GaoShan ________. 3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。 _________ pencil is_________,______or________?________is,I think. 4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。 ______apples _____ _____,your _______ or your _______?My ___________ ___________. 5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。 _________ ________as _________as your uncle? Yes,Iam. 6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。 He _______ as __________ as________ ________ Jim. 7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。 ________ ________ as _________ as______ twin_______? No,_________ _________ than him. 8.多做运动,你会更强壮。 ________ more exercise,you’ll________ _________ soon. 9.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。 I ______ ________ at Science. But I don’t _________ well in Chinese. 10.你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。 ____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it_____than___. 11.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。 I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me. 12.我的姐姐起得比我早。 My_____ _____ up _____thanme. 13.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。 ____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____. 14.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。 She doesn’t ____ _____ inPE. But I don’t ______ _____than_____.

3

答案:

D A C A B C C B D A B A A D

一、

1. nicer / nicest 2. fatter / fattest 3. slower / slowest 4. drier / driest 5. happier / happiest

6. wetter / wettest 7. more / most 8. worse / worst 9. less / least 10. worse / worst

11. thinner / thinnest 12. farther / farthest 或 further / furthest 13. earlier / earliest

14. more careful / most careful 15. more exciting / most exciting

二、

1. younger, taller 2. tall 3. fatter

4. heavier

5. tall, tall, tall, shorter, shortest

6. bad, worse, worst

7. kindest

8. friendlier

9. more expensive

10. bigger, smaller

11. longest

12. more beautiful

13. big

14. more difficult

15. well, better, best

4

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