法语常用时态及动词变位小结(0字)

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2021.6.9

法语常用时态及动词变位小结

法语常用时态及动词变位小结

法语常用时态及动词变位小结

法语常用时态及动词变位小结

法语常用时态及动词变位小结

法语常用时态及动词变位小结


第二篇:动词短语总结 5700字

动词短语总结

1. 常用36个动词接不定式作宾语的用法:

aim to do sth. 打算做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 dare to do sth. appear to do sth. 似乎、好像要做某事 arrange to do sth. 安排做某事

demand to do sth. 要求做某事 help to to sth. 帮助做某事 hesitate to do sth.犹豫做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 wait to do sth. 等待做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 seek to do sth. 寻求、试图做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 mean to do sth. 打算做某事 prove to do sth. 证明做某事 expect to do sth. 期望做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 learn to do sth. 学会做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事 choose to do sth. 选择做某事 promise to do sth.答应做某事 pretend to do sth.假装做某事manage to do sth.设法做成某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 determine to do sth.决定做某事affordto do sth.负担地起做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事

2. 常用37个-ing形式作宾语:

admit doing sth. 承认做某事report doing sth.报告做某事appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 explain doing sth. 解释做某事 mention doing sth. 提及做某事 resist doing sth. 拒绝做某事 stand doing sth. 忍受做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 imagine doing sth.. 想象做某事 recall doing sth.想起做某事 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 finish doing sth.完成做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 keep doing sth. 继续做某事 practise doing sth.练习做某事 missing doing sth. 错过做某事 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 excuse doing sth. 借口做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 consider doing sth.考虑做某事advise doing sth. 建议做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 dislike doing sth. 讨厌做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 prevent doing sth.阻止做某事prohibit doing sth.禁止做某事 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 understand doing sth.理解做某事give up doing sth.放弃做某事 put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

3. 接不定式与-ing形式意义相近的12个动词:

like, love, hate, dislike,begin , start , prefer to do sth. / prefer doing sth. ,continue, intend ,attempt, bother(麻烦), can’t bear to do sth. / doing sth.

4. 接不定式作宾语补足语的36个常用动词

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 leave sb.to do sth. 留下某人做某事 allow sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 mean sb. to do sth. 打算某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth. 忍受某人做某事 need sb.to do sth. 需要做某事

beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

oblige (迫使) cause(导致) order , command(命令) , permit, drive(驱使), persuade, elect (选举) , prefer, encourage, request (要求) , expect, remind(提醒), forbid, teach, force,tell, get(使) train(训练) hate, trouble ( 麻烦) help , want , intend , warn(警告) invite wish.

5. 接现在分词作宾语补足语的20个常用短语:

bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事

catch sb. doing sth. 碰上某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 observe sb.doing sth. 观察某人做某事

feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

find sb. doing sth. 发现(碰上)某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事

get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 send sb. doing sth, 使某人(突然)做某事

have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事

hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事 start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事

keep sb doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 stop sb doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观看某人做某事

6. 接动词原形作宾语补足语的11个动词:

feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 let , have , listen to , hear , look at , make , notice , observe, watch , see

7. 接双宾语的38个常用动词

1) 双宾语易位时需要借助介词to的常用动词:

award sb.sth. / sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人 return (归还), bring ,send, hand , sell , lend, serve(招待) , mail (邮) , show , offer, take, owe(欠) teach, pass ,tell , pay, throw , post,write , read .

2) 双宾语易位时需要借助介词for的常用动词:

book sb. sth. / sth. for sb. 为某人预订某物 make sb. sth./ sth. for sb. 为某人做某事

buy , order , choose , pick, cook , prepare , draw, save, fetch (取),sing,find, spare(为某人让出某物),fix sb.sth./sth. for sb. (为某人准备某物), steal , get (为某人拿来某物)。

8. 可用于“动词+ sb. + of + sth.”的8个常见动词:

accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某罪,指责某人做某事 cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病 rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物 cheat sb. of sth. 欺骗某人某物

remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事物 inform sb.of sth. 通知某人某事

rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的东西 warn sb of sth. 警告某人某事

9.21个带to doing sth. 的常用结构:

1)动词+to +doing

admit to doing sth 承认做了某事 see to doing sth. 负责做某事

apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事 stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事

object to doing sth. 反对做某事 take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事 逐渐喜欢做某事

2)动词+宾语+ to + doing

apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事 limit sth. to doing sth.把??限制在做某事范围内 devote sth. to doing sth. 把??献给某事 reduce sb.to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事

3).动词+名词+介词to+动名词

give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事 have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事 have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事

have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做某事

pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事

4).be+形容词+介词to+动名词

be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事

be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事

be limited to doing sth. 把??限制在做某事的范围内

5).其他结构+介词to+动名词

get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理某事 look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事 What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如何?

10.可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词

blame sb. for doing sth. 指责

criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚scold sb. for doing sth. 指责 thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢

11.可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词

cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick欺骗food欺骗 force迫使argue 说服 talk 说服

terrify威胁 frighten吓唬persuade说服

12.容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词

deal with a problem 处理问题depend on sb. 依靠某人insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事 knock on [at] the door 敲门operate on sb. 为某人做手术participate in sth. 参加某事

refer to sth.查阅(参考)某物rely on sb. / sth.依靠(依赖)某人(某物reply to a letter 回信

13.容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词

serve sb. 为某人服务marry sb. 与某人结婚discuss sth. 讨论某事mention sth. 提到某事 enter a room 进入房间contact sb. 与某人联系equal sth. 等于某物ring sb. 给某人打电话

更多类似范文
┣ 初中英语语法总结(动词的时态) 3500字
┣ 初中英语语法总结(动词的时态)(2) 1900字
┣ 初中英语语法总结(动词的时态)(3) 3700字
┣ 初中英语语法总结(动词的时态)(4) 1700字
┣ 更多法语动词时态总结
┗ 搜索类似范文