AES算法C源代码(13800字)

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2021.4.21

#include<string.h>

#include<stdio.h>

#include<math.h>

#include<conio.h>

#include<stdlib.h>

#define Nb 4 //分组大小为4

int Nr=0; //轮数定义为0,实际值在程序中获取

int Nk=0;//密钥长度定义为0,实际值在程序中获取

int Nc = 128;//Nc为密钥长度,只能为128,192或256

// in:存储明文的数组

// out:存储密文的数组

// state:存储中间状态的数组

unsigned char in[16],out[32],state[4][4];

unsigned char RoundKey[240];//存储轮密钥的数组

unsigned char Key[32];//存储输入的密钥

int getSBoxInvert(int num)

{

//逆S盒子

int rsbox[256] =

{ 0x52, 0x09, 0x6a, 0xd5, 0x30, 0x36, 0xa5, 0x38, 0xbf, 0x40, 0xa3, 0x9e, 0x81, 0xf3, 0xd7, 0xfb , 0x7c, 0xe3, 0x39, 0x82, 0x9b, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x87, 0x34, 0x8e, 0x43, 0x44, 0xc4, 0xde, 0xe9, 0xcb , 0x54, 0x7b, 0x94, 0x32, 0xa6, 0xc2, 0x23, 0x3d, 0xee, 0x4c, 0x95, 0x0b, 0x42, 0xfa, 0xc3, 0x4e , 0x08, 0x2e, 0xa1, 0x66, 0x28, 0xd9, 0x24, 0xb2, 0x76, 0x5b, 0xa2, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0x25 , 0x72, 0xf8, 0xf6, 0x64, 0x86, 0x68, 0x98, 0x16, 0xd4, 0xa4, 0x5c, 0xcc, 0x5d, 0x65, 0xb6, 0x92 , 0x6c, 0x70, 0x48, 0x50, 0xfd, 0xed, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x5e, 0x15, 0x46, 0x57, 0xa7, 0x8d, 0x9d, 0x84 , 0x90, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x00, 0x8c, 0xbc, 0xd3, 0x0a, 0xf7, 0xe4, 0x58, 0x05, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x45, 0x06 , 0xd0, 0x2c, 0x1e, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x3f, 0x0f, 0x02, 0xc1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0x03, 0x01, 0x13, 0x8a, 0x6b , 0x3a, 0x91, 0x11, 0x41, 0x4f, 0x67, 0xdc, 0xea, 0x97, 0xf2, 0xcf, 0xce, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xe6, 0x73 , 0x96, 0xac, 0x74, 0x22, 0xe7, 0xad, 0x35, 0x85, 0xe2, 0xf9, 0x37, 0xe8, 0x1c, 0x75, 0xdf, 0x6e , 0x47, 0xf1, 0x1a, 0x71, 0x1d, 0x29, 0xc5, 0x89, 0x6f, 0xb7, 0x62, 0x0e, 0xaa, 0x18, 0xbe, 0x1b , 0xfc, 0x56, 0x3e, 0x4b, 0xc6, 0xd2, 0x79, 0x20, 0x9a, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xfe, 0x78, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0xf4 , 0x1f, 0xdd, 0xa8, 0x33, 0x88, 0x07, 0xc7, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x12, 0x10, 0x59, 0x27, 0x80, 0xec, 0x5f , 0x60, 0x51, 0x7f, 0xa9, 0x19, 0xb5, 0x4a, 0x0d, 0x2d, 0xe5, 0x7a, 0x9f, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x9c, 0xef , 0xa0, 0xe0, 0x3b, 0x4d, 0xae, 0x2a, 0xf5, 0xb0, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61 , 0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6, 0x26, 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63, 0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d };

return rsbox[num];

}

int getSBoxValue(int num)

{

//S盒子

int sbox[256] = {

//0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C

D E F

0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b, 0xfe, 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76,

0xca, 0x82, 0xc9, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0x59, 0x47, 0xf0, 0xad, 0xd4, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x9c, 0xa4, 0x72, 0xc0, 0xb7, 0xfd, 0x93, 0x26, 0x36, 0x3f, 0xf7, 0xcc, 0x34, 0xa5, 0xe5, 0xf1, 0x71, 0xd8, 0x31, 0x15, 0x04, 0xc7, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9a, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xe2, 0xeb, 0x27, 0xb2, 0x75,

0x09, 0x83, 0x2c, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x6e, 0x5a, 0xa0, 0x52, 0x3b, 0xd6, 0xb3, 0x29, 0xe3, 0x2f, 0x84,

0x53, 0xd1, 0x00, 0xed, 0x20, 0xfc, 0xb1, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0xcb, 0xbe, 0x39, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x58, 0xcf,

0xd0, 0xef, 0xaa, 0xfb, 0x43, 0x4d, 0x33, 0x85, 0x45, 0xf9, 0x02, 0x7f, 0x50, 0x3c, 0x9f, 0xa8, 0x51, 0xa3, 0x40, 0x8f, 0x92, 0x9d, 0x38, 0xf5, 0xbc, 0xb6, 0xda, 0x21, 0x10, 0xff, 0xf3, 0xd2, 0xcd, 0x0c, 0x13, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xc4, 0xa7, 0x7e, 0x3d, 0x64, 0x5d, 0x19, 0x73,

0x60, 0x81, 0x4f, 0xdc, 0x22, 0x2a, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xee, 0xb8, 0x14, 0xde, 0x5e, 0x0b, 0xdb,

0xe0, 0x32, 0x3a, 0x0a, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5c, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xac, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xe4, 0x79,

0xe7, 0xc8, 0x37, 0x6d, 0x8d, 0xd5, 0x4e, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x56, 0xf4, 0xea, 0x65, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x08,

0xba, 0x78, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x1c, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xc6, 0xe8, 0xdd, 0x74, 0x1f, 0x4b, 0xbd, 0x8b, 0x8a,

0x70, 0x3e, 0xb5, 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xf6, 0x0e, 0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xb9, 0x86, 0xc1, 0x1d, 0x9e,

0xe1, 0xf8, 0x98, 0x11, 0x69, 0xd9, 0x8e, 0x94, 0x9b, 0x1e, 0x87, 0xe9, 0xce, 0x55, 0x28, 0xdf,

0x8c, 0xa1, 0x89, 0x0d, 0xbf, 0xe6, 0x42, 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2d, 0x0f, 0xb0, 0x54, 0xbb, 0x16 };

return sbox[num];

}

// The round constant word array, Rcon[i], contains the values given by

// x to th e power (i-1) being powers of x (x is denoted as {02}) in the field GF(2^8)

// Note that i starts at 1, not 0).

int Rcon[255] = {

0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36, 0x6c, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x4d, 0x9a,

0x2f, 0x5e, 0xbc, 0x63, 0xc6, 0x97, 0x35, 0x6a, 0xd4, 0xb3, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0xef, 0xc5, 0x91, 0x39, 0x72, 0xe4, 0xd3, 0xbd, 0x61, 0xc2, 0x9f, 0x25, 0x4a, 0x94, 0x33, 0x66, 0xcc, 0x83, 0x1d, 0x3a,

0x74, 0xe8, 0xcb, 0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36, 0x6c, 0xd8,

0xab, 0x4d, 0x9a, 0x2f, 0x5e, 0xbc, 0x63, 0xc6, 0x97, 0x35, 0x6a, 0xd4, 0xb3, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0xef,

0xc5, 0x91, 0x39, 0x72, 0xe4, 0xd3, 0xbd, 0x61, 0xc2, 0x9f, 0x25, 0x4a, 0x94, 0x33, 0x66, 0xcc,

0x83, 0x1d, 0x3a, 0x74, 0xe8, 0xcb, 0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b,

0x36, 0x6c, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x4d, 0x9a, 0x2f, 0x5e, 0xbc, 0x63, 0xc6, 0x97, 0x35, 0x6a, 0xd4, 0xb3,

0x7d, 0xfa, 0xef, 0xc5, 0x91, 0x39, 0x72, 0xe4, 0xd3, 0xbd, 0x61, 0xc2, 0x9f, 0x25, 0x4a, 0x94,

0x33, 0x66, 0xcc, 0x83, 0x1d, 0x3a, 0x74, 0xe8, 0xcb, 0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20,

0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36, 0x6c, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x4d, 0x9a, 0x2f, 0x5e, 0xbc, 0x63, 0xc6, 0x97, 0x35,

0x6a, 0xd4, 0xb3, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0xef, 0xc5, 0x91, 0x39, 0x72, 0xe4, 0xd3, 0xbd, 0x61, 0xc2, 0x9f,

0x25, 0x4a, 0x94, 0x33, 0x66, 0xcc, 0x83, 0x1d, 0x3a, 0x74, 0xe8, 0xcb, 0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04,

0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36, 0x6c, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x4d, 0x9a, 0x2f, 0x5e, 0xbc, 0x63,

0xc6, 0x97, 0x35, 0x6a, 0xd4, 0xb3, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0xef, 0xc5, 0x91, 0x39, 0x72, 0xe4, 0xd3, 0xbd,

0x61, 0xc2, 0x9f, 0x25, 0x4a, 0x94, 0x33, 0x66, 0xcc, 0x83, 0x1d, 0x3a, 0x74, 0xe8, 0xcb };

//密钥扩展,生成Nb(Nr+1)的轮密钥,用于每轮的解密密钥

void KeyExpansion()

{

int i,j;

unsigned char temp[4],k;

//第一个密钥为密钥本身

for(i=0;i<Nk;i++)

{

RoundKey[i*4]=Key[i*4];

RoundKey[i*4+1]=Key[i*4+1];

RoundKey[i*4+2]=Key[i*4+2];

RoundKey[i*4+3]=Key[i*4+3];

}

// 其它密钥由第一个密钥进行扩展得到

while (i < (Nb * (Nr+1)))

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

temp[j]=RoundKey[(i-1) * 4 + j];

}

if (i % Nk == 0)

{

// 将四个字节进行左移一位,即[a0,a1,a2,a3]变为[a1,a2,a3,a0] {

k = temp[0];

temp[0] = temp[1];

temp[1] = temp[2];

temp[2] = temp[3];

temp[3] = k;

}

// SubWord() is a function that takes a four-byte input word and

// applies the S-box to each of the four bytes to produce an output word. {

temp[0]=getSBoxValue(temp[0]);

temp[1]=getSBoxValue(temp[1]);

temp[2]=getSBoxValue(temp[2]);

temp[3]=getSBoxValue(temp[3]);

}

temp[0] = temp[0] ^ Rcon[i/Nk];

}

else if (Nk > 6 && i % Nk == 4)

{

{

temp[0]=getSBoxValue(temp[0]);

temp[1]=getSBoxValue(temp[1]);

temp[2]=getSBoxValue(temp[2]);

temp[3]=getSBoxValue(temp[3]);

}

}

RoundKey[i*4+0] = RoundKey[(i-Nk)*4+0] ^ temp[0];

RoundKey[i*4+1] = RoundKey[(i-Nk)*4+1] ^ temp[1];

RoundKey[i*4+2] = RoundKey[(i-Nk)*4+2] ^ temp[2];

RoundKey[i*4+3] = RoundKey[(i-Nk)*4+3] ^ temp[3];

i++;

}

}

// This function adds the round key to state.

// The round key is added to the state by an XOR function. void AddRoundKey(int round)

{

int i,j;

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

state[j][i] ^= RoundKey[round * Nb * 4 + i * Nb + j]; }

}

}

// The SubBytes Function Substitutes the values in the // state matrix with values in an S-box.

void InvSubBytes()

{

int i,j;

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

state[i][j] = getSBoxInvert(state[i][j]);

}

}

}

// The ShiftRows() function shifts the rows in the state to the left. // Each row is shifted with different offset.

// Offset = Row number. So the first row is not shifted. void InvShiftRows()

{

unsigned char temp;

// Rotate first row 1 columns to right

temp=state[1][3];

state[1][3]=state[1][2];

state[1][2]=state[1][1];

state[1][1]=state[1][0];

state[1][0]=temp;

// Rotate second row 2 columns to right

temp=state[2][0];

state[2][0]=state[2][2];

state[2][2]=temp;

temp=state[2][1];

state[2][1]=state[2][3];

state[2][3]=temp;

// Rotate third row 3 columns to right

temp=state[3][0];

state[3][0]=state[3][1];

state[3][1]=state[3][2];

state[3][2]=state[3][3];

state[3][3]=temp;

}

// xtime is a macro that finds the product of {02} and the argument to xtime modulo {1b} #define xtime(x) ((x<<1) ^ (((x>>7) & 1) * 0x1b))

// Multiplty is a macro used to multiply numbers in the field GF(2^8)

#define Multiply(x,y) (((y & 1) * x) ^ ((y>>1 & 1) * xtime(x)) ^ ((y>>2 & 1) * xtime(xtime(x))) ^ ((y>>3 & 1) * xtime(xtime(xtime(x)))) ^ ((y>>4 & 1) * xtime(xtime(xtime(xtime(x))))))

// MixColumns function mixes the columns of the state matrix.

// The method used to multiply may be difficult to understand for the inexperienced.

// Please use the references to gain more information.

void InvMixColumns()

{

int i;

unsigned char a,b,c,d;

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

a = state[0][i];

b = state[1][i];

c = state[2][i];

d = state[3][i];

state[0][i] = Multiply(a, 0x0e) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0b) ^ Multiply(c, 0x0d) ^ Multiply(d, 0x09);

state[1][i] = Multiply(a, 0x09) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0e) ^ Multiply(c, 0x0b) ^ Multiply(d,

0x0d);

state[2][i] = Multiply(a, 0x0d) ^ Multiply(b, 0x09) ^ Multiply(c, 0x0e) ^ Multiply(d, 0x0b);

state[3][i] = Multiply(a, 0x0b) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0d) ^ Multiply(c, 0x09) ^ Multiply(d, 0x0e);

}

}

// InvCipher is the main function that decrypts the CipherText.

void InvCipher()

{

int i,j,round=0;

//Copy the input CipherText to state array.

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

state[j][i] = in[i*4 + j];

}

}

// Add the First round key to the state before starting the rounds.

AddRoundKey(Nr);

// There will be Nr rounds.

// The first Nr-1 rounds are identical.

// These Nr-1 rounds are executed in the loop below.

for(round=Nr-1;round>0;round--)

{

InvShiftRows();

InvSubBytes();

AddRoundKey(round);

InvMixColumns();

}

// The last round is given below.

// The MixColumns function is not here in the last round.

InvShiftRows();

InvSubBytes();

AddRoundKey(0);

// The decryption process is over.

// Copy the state array to output array.

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

out[i*4+j]=state[j][i];

}

}

}

// The SubBytes Function Substitutes the values in the // state matrix with values in an S-box.

void SubBytes()

{

int i,j;

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

state[i][j] = getSBoxValue(state[i][j]);

}

}

}

// The ShiftRows() function shifts the rows in the state to the left. // Each row is shifted with different offset.

// Offset = Row number. So the first row is not shifted. void ShiftRows()

{

unsigned char temp;

// Rotate first row 1 columns to left

temp=state[1][0];

state[1][0]=state[1][1];

state[1][1]=state[1][2];

state[1][2]=state[1][3];

state[1][3]=temp;

// Rotate second row 2 columns to left

temp=state[2][0];

state[2][0]=state[2][2];

state[2][2]=temp;

temp=state[2][1];

state[2][1]=state[2][3];

state[2][3]=temp;

// Rotate third row 3 columns to left

temp=state[3][0];

state[3][0]=state[3][3];

state[3][3]=state[3][2];

state[3][2]=state[3][1];

state[3][1]=temp;

}

// xtime is a macro that finds the product of {02} and the argument to xtime modulo {1b} #define xtime(x) ((x<<1) ^ (((x>>7) & 1) * 0x1b))

// MixColumns function mixes the columns of the state matrix

void MixColumns()

{

int i;

unsigned char Tmp,Tm,t;

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

t=state[0][i];

Tmp = state[0][i] ^ state[1][i] ^ state[2][i] ^ state[3][i] ;

Tm = state[0][i] ^ state[1][i] ; Tm = xtime(Tm); state[0][i] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ; Tm = state[1][i] ^ state[2][i] ; Tm = xtime(Tm); state[1][i] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ; Tm = state[2][i] ^ state[3][i] ; Tm = xtime(Tm); state[2][i] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ; Tm = state[3][i] ^ t ; Tm = xtime(Tm); state[3][i] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ;

}

}

// Cipher is the main function that encrypts the PlainText.

void Cipher()

{

int i,j,round=0;

//Copy the input PlainText to state array.

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

state[j][i] = in[i*4 + j];

}

}

// Add the First round key to the state before starting the rounds.

AddRoundKey(0);

// There will be Nr rounds.

// The first Nr-1 rounds are identical.

// These Nr-1 rounds are executed in the loop below. for(round=1;round<Nr;round++)

{

SubBytes();

ShiftRows();

MixColumns();

AddRoundKey(round);

}

// The last round is given below.

// The MixColumns function is not here in the last round. SubBytes();

ShiftRows();

AddRoundKey(Nr);

// The encryption process is over.

// Copy the state array to output array.

for(i=0;i<4;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<4;j++)

{

out[i*4+j]=state[j][i];

}

}

}

char *encrypt(char *str, char *key)

{

int i,j,Nl;

double len;

char *newstr;

Nk = Nc / 32;

Nr = Nk + 6;

len= strlen(str);

Nl = (int)ceil(len / 16);

//printf("Nl:%d\n", Nl);

newstr = (char *)malloc(Nl*32); memset(newstr,0,sizeof(newstr));

for(i=0;i<Nl;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<Nk*4;j++)

{

Key[j]=key[j];

in[j]=str[i*16+j];

}

KeyExpansion();

Cipher();

memcpy(&newstr[i*32], out, 32); }

return newstr;

}

char *decrypt(char *str, char *key) {

int i,j,len,Nl;

char *newstr;

Nk = Nc / 32;

Nr = Nk + 6;

len= strlen(str);

Nl = (int)ceil(len / 16);

newstr = (char *)malloc(16*Nl); memset(newstr,0,sizeof(newstr));

for(i=0;i<Nl;i++)

{

for(j=0;j<Nk*4;j++)

{

Key[j]=key[j];

in[j]=str[i*16+j];

}

KeyExpansion();

InvCipher();

memcpy(&newstr[i*32], out, 32);

}

return newstr;

}

int main()

{ char str_1[128];//存明文

char str_2[128];//存加密密钥 char str_3[128];//存解密密钥 char *str;

char *str2;

printf("请输入明文:\n"); scanf("%s",str_1);

printf("请输入加密密钥:\n"); scanf("%s",str_2);

str= encrypt(str_1, str_2);

printf("进行加密后:%s\n\n", str); printf("请输入解密密钥:\n"); scanf("%s",str_3);

str2 = decrypt(str,str_3);

printf("进行解密后:%s\n", str2);

getch();

return 0;

}

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