20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit1-10基础知识总结(28页)(61800字)

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20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?(谈论假期生活,一般过去时) Unit 2 How often do you exercise?(谈论生活习惯,一般现在时) Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister(谈论事物对比, 形容词比较级) Unit 4 What's the best movie theater?(谈论事物比较,形容词最高级) Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?(谈论内心想法,一般现在时) Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.(谈谈生活的目标,一般将来时) Unit7 Will people have robots?(对将来生活的预言,一般将来时) Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?(描述进程,祈使句)

Unit9 Can you come to my party?(学习邀请,作出、接受和拒绝邀请,学习表请求的句子) Unit10 If you go to the party, you‘ll have a great time.(作出决定,学习if的条件状语从句) Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 第一单元主要点: ①复习一般过去时 ②复合不定代词的用法 ③反身代词的用法 ④系动词的用法

⑤动词后的to do和doing 的区别 ⑥ed形容词和ing形容词的区别 ⑦“近义词”的区别 ⑧本单元中的主谓一致现象 ⑨动词过去式的构成及不规则动词表

⑩用同义短语转换同义句时谓语动词形式一致性的培养。 ⑾感叹句的结构和连词的选择。 一、词组、短语:

1、go on vacation去度假 , 2、 stay at home 呆在家, 3、go to the mountains 上山/进山 , 4、 go to the beach到海边去, 5、visit museums 参观博物馆, 6、go to summer camp 去夏令营, 7、 quite a few 相当多, 8、study for为……学习, 9、go out 出去,

10、most of the time 大部分时间/绝大多数时间, 11、taste good 尝起来味道好, 12、have a good time玩的开心, 13、of course当然可以, 二、重要句子(语法):

Where did you go on vacation?你到哪里去度假了?I went to New York City.我去了纽约城 Did you go out with anyone? 你出去带人吗?

No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.不,没有人在这儿。大家度去度假了。 Did you buy anything special?你买了什么特别的东西吗? Yes, I bought something for my father.对,我给父亲买了一些东西。

How was the food? 食物怎么样? Everything tasted really good.每一样东西真的都好吃。 Did everyone have a good time?大家玩的开心吗? Oh, yes. Everything was excellent.对,一切都很精彩。

14、feel like感觉像……/想要, 15、 go shopping购物, 16、in the past 在过去, 17、walk around绕……走,

18、too many 太多(可数名词前面), 19、because of 因为, 20、one bowl of 一碗……, 21、find out 查出来/发现 , 22、go on继续, 23、take photos 照相,

24、something important重要的事情, 25、up and down上上下下, 26、come up出来

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

1. buy sth. for ab./ buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物 2. taste + adj. 尝起来……

3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有

4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来 5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地

6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事

8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 9. want to do sth. 想去做某事

10. start doing sth. 开始做某事 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

12. look + adj 看起来 13. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

14. Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢? 15. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于……

16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事 17. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

四、词语辨析:

1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?(P1)

1)这是有疑问副词where引导的特殊疑问句,where用来询问地点和场所,放在句首。

a._____ do you _____ ______?你从哪里来? b._____does he______?他住在哪里?

2)go on vacation意为―去度假‖。

I want ____ ____ ____ ____in Hainan this winter.今年冬天我想去海南度假。

2.visited my uncle 看望了我的叔叔(P1)

visit是及物动词,意为―拜访;探望‖,后接表示人的名词或代词。

visit还可以意为―参观;游览‖,后接表示地点的名词。

a.I visited my grandmother last week. 上周我去______了我的外婆。

b.Do you want to visit Shanghai? 你想______上海吗?

拓展:visitor意为―参观者;游客‖。

eg: These visitors come from America._______________________

3.buy anything special 买特别的东西。(P2)

1)buy及物动词,意为―买;购买‖。其过去式为______。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意为―给某人买某物‖。

My uncle_____ _____a bike.= My uncle_____ _____for me.

2)anything不定代词,意为―某事;某件东西‖,主要用于疑问句或否定句中。

a.Do you want anything from me? b.I can‘t say anything about it.

3) anthing special表示―特别的东西‖,形容词修饰不定代词时后置。

Is there________ ________in this book?这本书里有新的内容吗?

4.Oh, did you go anywhere interesting?哦,你去有趣的地方了吗?(P2)

1)本句是did开头的一般疑问句 2)anywhere用作副词,意为―在任何地方‖。

eg:Did you go anywhere during the summer vacation?

辨析:anywhere与somewhere

anywhere意为―在任何地方‖,常用于否定句和疑问句中。 eg:I can‘t find it anywhere.

somewhere意为―在某处;到某处‖,常用于肯定句中。 eg:I lost my key somewhere near here.

5.We took quite a few photos there.我们在那里拍了不少照片。(P2)

take photos 意为―照相;拍照‖。 eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我们在长城上照了相。 辨析:quite a few与quite a little

quite a few 意为―很多;不少‖,修饰可数名词复数;

quite a little 意为―很多;不少‖,修饰不可数名词。

a. He stays here for _____ _____ _____days.

b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

6. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 我大部分时间只是待在家里读书休息。 (P2)

most of the time意为―大部分时间‖,其中most为代词,意为―大部分;大多数‖。

拓展most of…意为―……中的大多数‖,它作主语时,谓语动词取决于most of后所修饰的名词。

a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park. 我们大多数人要去公园。

b. Most of the food_____(go)bad. 大部分的食物都变质了。

7.Everything tasted really good!所有的东西尝起来真的很好吃!(P3)

taste在此为系动词,意为―尝起来‖,其后接形容词构成系表结构。

a.The food tastes really great.食物尝起来棒极了。

8. Did everyone have a good time?大家都玩得很开心吗?(P3)

have a good time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing)

eg: We had a good time visiting the the Great Wall.

= We enjoyed ourselves visiting the the Great Wall.= We had fun visiting the the Great Wall.

9.How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?(P3)

How do/did you like……? 意为―你觉得……怎么样?‖,用来询问对方的观点或看法,相当于

What do you think of……?

eg: How do you like your new job? = _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?

10.Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?(P3)

go shopping意为―去购物;去买东西‖,同义短语为do some shopping.

eg: I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去购物。

拓展:―go+doing‖形式表示―去做某事‖,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。

go skating 去滑冰 go hiking 去 go sightseeing 去观光 go fishing 去钓鱼 go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去划船

11.I went to a friend‘s farm in the countryside with my family.我和家人一起去了乡下一个朋友的农场。(P3) a friend‘s farm是名词所有格形式。

一般情况下,表示―有生命的人或物‖的名词后面加‘s,表示所属关系。

eg:The red bike is Alice‘s. 那辆红色的自行车是爱丽斯的。

拓展:名词所有格的构成:

1)单数名词词尾加‘s ,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加‘s

the girl ?s pen女孩的钢笔 women‘s shoes女鞋 on Children‘s Day

2)复数名词以s结尾的只加 ‘

the students‘ reading room学生阅览室 Teachers‘ Day教师节

3)如果两个名词并列,并且分别有‘s,则表示―分别有‖;只后一个名词有一个‘s,则表示―共有‖:

John‘s and Kate‘s rooms. 约翰和凯特(各自)的房间。

Lily and Lucy‘s father. 莉莉和露西的爸爸(同一个爸爸)。

4)表示无生命的名词一般以...of...构成短语,表示所有关系。

a map of China一幅中国地图 the name of the story那个故事的名字

12. Still no one seemed to be bored. (即使这样)仍然没有人看起来无聊。(P3)

1)seem意为―好像;似乎;看来‖。

eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

拓展a. seem+adj. ―看起来……‖。 You seem happy today.你今天看起来很高兴。

b. seem+to do sth. ―似乎,好像做某事‖。 I seem to have a cold.我似乎感冒了。

c. It seems/seemed+从句 ―看起来好像…;似乎…‖。It seems that no one believes you.看起来好像没有人相信你。

2)辨析:bored与boring

a. bored意为―厌烦的;感到无聊的‖,一般在句中修饰人。

b. boring意为―无聊的;令人厌烦的‖,一般在句中修饰事或物。

eg:a. I‘m ______with what he said.我对他说的话厌烦极了。

b. I find the story very_______.我发现这个故事太无聊了。

(二)Section B

1. What activities do you find enjoyable? 你发现什么活动让人快乐?(P5)

1)activities是activity的复数形式,意为―活动‖。

Students like outdoor activities. ____________________________

2)enjoyable形容词,意为―愉快的;快乐的‖。

I‘m sure we will have an enjoyable vacation. 我确信我们将会有一个愉快的假期。

2. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城。(P5 arrive不及物动词,意为―到达‖。arrive in表示到达较大的地方,如国家、省、市等;arrive at表示到达

较小的地方,如机场、商店、广场、村庄等。(注:地点副词home,here,there前介词省略)

辨析:①arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 ②get to +地点 ③reach+地点

eg:I (到达) school at 8:00 o‘clock yesterday.

3. …so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel… 因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩上去。(P5)

decide to do sth.意为―决定做某事‖。 eg: They _____ ______ ______the museum.他们决定去参观博物馆。

拓展:decide后常跟―疑问词+动词不定式‖做宾语。He can‘t decide when ______ _____(leave) 他不能决定何时动身。

4. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。(P5)

try此处用作及物动词,其后常接名词、动名词或不定式,意为―尝试;试图,设法;努力‖

She is trying my bicycle.她正在试骑我的自行车。

拓展:try也可用作名词,意为―尝试‖,常用短语―have a try‖,意为―试一试‖。

I want to have a try.我想试一试。

辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.

1)try doing sth. 尝试做某事,表示一种尝试、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。

2)try to do sth.尽力、设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出努力设法去完成。

a. I ______ ______ him, but no one answered. 我试着给他打电话了,但没有人接听。

b. I‘m ______ ______ ______ English well. 我正尽力把英语学好。

5. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! 我感觉自己就像一只小鸟。太刺激了!(P5)

1)feel like意为“给……的感觉;感受到”。其后常接从句。

eg: He feels like he is swimming. 他感觉像在游泳一样。

拓展:feel like还可意为“想要……‖,其后可接名词、代词或动名词。即:

feel like sth. 想要某物 feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

eg:Do you feel like a cup of tea now? 你现在想要一杯茶吗?

Do you feel like ______ (take) a walk in the park with me? 你想跟我在公园散步吗?

2)辨析:exciting与excited

exciting 意为―令人兴奋的,使人激动的‖, 一般修饰某物。

excited 意为―感到兴奋的,激动的‖, 一般修饰某人。

Eg:a.The story is_________(exciting, excited) .

b.He told me the_______(exciting, excited)news.

c.Sarah was_______(exciting, excited)to see the singer.

6. There are a lot of new buildings now…现在有许多新的建筑物……(P5)

building 可数名词,意为―建筑物;楼房‖。

build 动词,―建造,建筑‖ (built,built),

The workers built many tall buildings in our school last year.

7. I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道在这儿过去的生活是什么样的。(P5)

wonder此处是及物动词,意为―想知道;琢磨‖。其后常接who, what, why等疑问词引导的宾语从句。

Eg:1.I wonder _______________. 我想知道那个男孩是谁。A. the boy is who B. who the boy is

2. I wonder what they were doing here.我想知道他去哪里了。

8.I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我真的很喜欢在镇上到处走走。 (P5)

1)enjoy及物动词,意为―喜爱;欣赏;享受……的乐趣‖,其后接名词,代词或动名词作宾语。 a. Do you enjoy your job? 你喜欢你的工作吗?

b. I enjoy reading books. 我喜欢读书。(enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事)

拓展: enjoy oneself =have a good time = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing sth.)

2)walk around 意为―四处走走‖。He‘s just walking around the village.他只是在村庄里随便走走。

9. What a difference a day makes! 一天的变化有多大呀! (P5)

difference可数名词,意为―差别,差异‖ ;其形容词形式为different,意为―不同的;有差异的‖。 Eg: a. What is the difference between this book and that book?

b. My schoolbag is different from yours. ( be different from 意为―与……不同‖)

10. We wanted to walk up to the top , but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train.(P5)

1)want to do sth. 意为―想要做某事‖。

2)start doing sth. 意为―开始做某事‖,同义短语:start to do sth.

Eg: Tom started learning English last year.

3)a little 意为―一点儿‖,在句中修饰动词、形容词或副词。也可以修饰不可数名词。

Eg: a. I can draw a little, but only as a hobby. ______________________________

b. It‘s a little cold outside. ______________________________

c. He can speak a little English. ______________________________

4) take the train意为―乘火车‖,take在此意为―乘坐‖。

11.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 因为人太多,所以我们等了一个 多小时的火车。(P5)

1)wait for意为―等候‖,其后可接人或物。

Tom was waiting for a bus over there.

2)over介词,意为―多于;超过‖ ,相当于more than。

Eg : My father is over 40 years old.

There are over eight hundred students in our school.

3) too many意为―太多‖,其后接可数名词复数。 He always has too many questions to ask me.

辨析:too many + 可数名词复数 意为“太多... ”

too much + 不可数名词 意为“太多... ”

much too + 形容词 意为“太... ”

eg:I have

12.And because of the bad weather, we couldn‘t see anything below.而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的 任何景色(P5)

辨析:because of与because

a. because of意为―因为,由于‖,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

He lost his job because of his age.

b. because意为―因为‖,引导状语从句,即接句子。

I didn‘t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

13. My father didn‘t bring enough money… 我爸爸没带足够的钱……(P5)

1)辨析:bring与take

bring意为―带来;拿来‖, 指从别处带到说话者所在地。

take意为―拿走;带走‖, 指从说话者所在地带到别处去。

2)enough 意为―足够的,充分的‖

1.用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。

2.用来修饰名词时可放在形容词前面或后面。

Eg:a. We have enough time to do our homework.

b. The box is big enough.

14. …because we forgot to bring an umbrella… 因为我们忘了带雨伞。(P6)

辨析:forget to do sth.与forget doing sth.

forget to do sth. 意为―忘记要做某事(事情还没做)‖ eg: Don‘t forget to close the window.

forget doing sth. 意为―忘记做过某事(事情已经做过了)‖ eg: I forget closing the window.

15. About one hour later, we stopped and drank some tea. 大约一小时后,我们停下来喝了些茶。(P6)

1)one hour later 一小时后 ; 一小时前__________________

2)stop动词,意为―停止;中断‖,过去式_________,现在分词__________;

3)drink及物动词,意为―喝;饮‖; 还可以作名词,意为―饮料‖。

16. Did you dislike anything? 你不喜欢什么东西吗?(P7)

dislike意为―不喜欢;厌恶‖,其后可接名词、代词或动名词形式作宾语。

Eg:a. Mary ______ the hamburgers. 玛丽不喜欢汉堡包。

b. I _____ ______ computer 我不喜欢玩电脑游戏。

17. Why not? 为什么不带呀?(P8)

why not意为―为什么不呢‖,一般用在疑问句中,表示提建议;why not后面需跟动词原形。

注―Why not + 动词原形?‖ 相当于―Why don‘t you+ 动词原形?‖

a. Why not go to the party with me? =Why don‘t you go to the party with me?为什么不和我一起去参加聚会呢? b._____ _____ take a walk? = _____ ______ _____ take a walk? 为什么不去散步呢?

18.Everyone in our class took a bag with some food and water. 我们班上的每一个人都随身带了装有食物和水的提袋。(P8) with介词,意为―具有;带有‖。 此处介词短语with some food and water作bag的后置定语。

拓展:with作介词时的其他用法:

a.“和……一起’ I often go to school ______ my friend. 我经常和朋友们一起去上学。

b. 以(手段、材料),用(工具), Cut the apple with a knife. 用刀切苹果。

19. My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop. 我的双腿太累了以至于我都想停下来。(P8)

so…that… / such…that…(如此…以致)引导的结果状语从句

so+adj./adv.+that…

Eg:1. He is ____lovely a boy____we love him very much.

2. The little boy is so young that he can’t go to school. _________________________________

20. 常用的感叹句的结构:

1)What +adj.+ 复数名词 / 不可数名词+主语+谓语!

2)What +a/an+adj.+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!

3)How +adj. +a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!

4)How+adj./adv. +主语+谓语!

eg: 1.What an interesting book it is! = How interesting a book is! 那本书多么有趣啊!

2.____a clever girl she is! A.Who B.What C.How D.Where

3. _____clever a girl she is! A.Who B.What C.How D.Where

4._____important jobs they have done! A.What B.Who C.How D.Where

5._____sweet water it is! A.Who B.What C.Where D. How

6._____interesting the dog is! A.Who B.What C. Where D. How

21. My classmates told me to keep going, so I went on. 我的同学告诉我坚持往前走,因此我便继续前

进了(P8)

1)tell sb. (not)to do sth. 意为―告诉某人(不要)做某事。

The teacher ______ ______ ______ ______ the window just now. 老师刚才告诉我们擦窗户。

2)keep doing sth. 意为―继续做某事,一直做某事‖。

She______ ______ TV for two hours last night. 昨晚她持续看了两个小时的电视。

23. Everyone jumped up and down in excitement. 大家都兴奋地跳起来。(P8)

up and down 意为―上上下下;来来回回‖,在句中作状语。

Eg:They looked me ______ ______ ______. 他们上上下下打量我。 He walks______ ______ ______ in the room. 他在房间里来回走动。

22. 反身代词:myself , ourselves, yourself , yourselves, himself, herself, itself, themselves.

作动词或介词的宾语:经常在enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce, dress, kill等动词和by, for, to, of等介词后作宾语。一年主考宾语回自身

e is teaching 她在自学英语。 .她自言自语。

lives by in the country.他独自住在乡下。 1) Help yourself! 请随便吃吧!/请自己去取吧! 2) Make yourself at home! 别客气!

3) make yourself heard /understood. 使你的话被人听得见/理解 4) teach oneself 自学=learn by oneself 5) by oneself 独自

6) for oneself 为自己;替自己 7) enjoy oneself 玩的愉快 8) dress oneself 给自己穿衣

23.few, little, a few, a little :的用法few, a few修饰可数名词,little, a little修饰不可数名词。few, little具有否定意义,表示―几乎没有‖,a few, a little具有肯定意义,表示―一些‖。

He has little money, but few students want to lend money to him.他几乎没有钱,但是几乎没有学生想借钱给他。 There is a little milk and a few apples left in the fridge.冰箱里还有一些牛奶和一些苹果。

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

一、词组、短语:

1、help with housework 帮助做家务活, 2、go shopping 购物, 3、on weekends 在周末, 4、how often 多久一次, 5、hardly ever几乎不, 6、once a week 每周一次, 7、twice a month每月二次, 8、go to the movies去看电影, 9、every day 每天,

10、use the Internet上网/用网, 11、be free有空,

12、have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈钢琴课 , 13、swing dance摇摆舞 14、play tennis 打网球, 15、stay up late熬夜, 二、重要句子(语法):

What do you usually do on weekends?你周末通常做什么? I always exercise.总是锻炼身体。

What do they do on weekends?他们周末干什么? They often help with housework.他们经常帮助干家务活。 What does she do on weekends? 她周末干什么? She sometimes goes shopping.她有时购物。 How often do you go to the movies? 你多久看电影一次? I go to the movies maybe once a month.可能一个月看一次。

How often does he watch TV? 他多久看电视一次?He hardly ever watches TV.他几乎不看电视。 Do you go shopping? 你购物吗? No, I never go shopping.不,我从来就不购物。 三、习惯用法、搭配

16、at least至少, 17、go to bed early 早睡, 18、 play sports 锻炼身体, 19、be good for 对…有好处, 20、go camping去野营,

21、in one‘s free time 在某人的空闲时间, 22、not….at all 根本不, 23、the most popular 最流行, 24、such as例如, 25、go to the dentist去看牙医, 26、more than 超过/多于,

27、Old habits die hard.旧习惯难改。 28、 hard=difficult 困难的 , 29、less than 少于/不到

1. help sb. with sth 帮助某人做某事

2. How about…? =What about…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好?

3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有多少…..

5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 …发现…

6. It‘s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的

7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事

9. by doing sth. 通过做某事

10. What‘s your favorite…..? 你最喜欢的……是什么?

11 start doing sth. 开始做某事

12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式

四、词语辨析

Section A

1. help with housework 帮助做家务 (教材第9页)

(1) help with sth. 意为―帮助做某事‖拓展:help sb. with sth.= help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 Eg: I often help him with his English.= I often help him (to) learn English. 我经常帮他学习英语。

(2)housework 意为―家务劳动‖。不可数名词。

1. They have housework to do.A. many B. much

2. sometimes 有时(教材第9页)

辨析:sometimes ,some times ,sometime , some time

sometimes 有时候。=at times也是“有时”的意思。提问用how often

some times 几次。time作可数名词时可作―次数‖解;表示―时间‖时是不可数名词。How mang times sometime 某个时候。可指过去或将来的某个时候。提问用when

some time 一段时间。常与for连用。对它提问用how long 。

口诀记忆:分开“一段时间” ;相聚“某个时候”。

Eg:Sometimes I get up very late. 有时我起床很晚。

I will go to shanghai sometime next week. 下周某个时候我要去上海。

He reads the story some times. 他读这个故事几遍了。

I‘ll stay here for some time. 我将会在这儿呆一段时间。

练习:

① We plan to stay in Hainan for . 我们打算在海南呆一段时间。 ② I am sure that we have met before. 我肯定我们之前见过几次了。 ③ I have letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。

3. hardly ever 几乎不 (教材第9页)

hardly ever相当于hardly eg:There is hardly any food left. 几乎没有食物剩下。

辨析:hardly 与hard

hardly 几乎不,一般位于动词之前。 hard 努力,位于动词之后。

eg:He hardly works. 他几乎不工作。 He works hard. 他工作努力。

4. use the Internet 用互联网(教材第10页)

use sth. to do sth. 用某物做某事eg:I use a knife to cut bread. 我用刀切面包。

短语:on the Internet 在网上 , surf the Internet 网上冲浪,上网

5. What‘s your favorite program? 你最喜欢的节目是什么?(教材第10页)

句型:What‘s your favorite...?=What... do you like best?你最喜欢的......是什么?

1.What‘s your favorite animal?你最喜欢的动物是什么?= __________________________________________

6. Are you free next week? 你下周有空吗?(教材第10页)

free 意为―空闲的,有空的‖,反义词busy。 be free 意为―闲着,有空‖

eg::He is free now.他现在有空。

拓展:free还可译为―免费的‖

Eg:The tickets are free. 票是免费的。

7. ... next week is quite full for me... …下周对我来说相当忙… (教材第10页)

quite full 很忙,相当忙.

拓展:①full 还可译为―满的,充满的‖。

Eg:The bus was full when they got there. 翻译________________________________________

②full 还可译为―饱的‖。

Eg:I can‘t eat any more,I am quite full. 我不能再吃了,我相当饱了。

8. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn‘t come to the party? = Why didn‘t Tom come to the party?

9. I have dance and piano lessons. 我要上舞蹈课和英语课。(教材第10页)

have 在此意为―上……课‖。

Eg: They‘re having an English lesson. 他们正在上英语课。

扩展:have lessons 上课 , Lesson One 第一课

10. Well ,how about Tuesday? 哦,那周二呢?(教材第10页)

How about...? (=What about...?) 意为―……怎么样?‖,用来征求对方的意见。

Eg: How about this book? 这本书怎样?

How / What about doing sth. ...? 做……怎么样?

Eg:---What will we do on Sunday? 星期天我们什么?

---How about visiting the museum? 去参观博物馆咋样?

1. It‘s sunny today,What about ________(play)tennis?

11. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我大概每月去看一次电影。(教材第11页)

go to the movies ________________

maybe 意为―也许,大概,可能‖,常位于句首。

Eg:Maybe he knows Tom. 也许他认识Tom。

辨析:maybe 和may be

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

1. Lily Lily可能是一名英语老师。

=________________________________________

12. He plays at least twice a week. 他至少每周踢两次(球)。(教材第11页)

at least 意为―至少‖。其反义词为at most ―最多‖。

Eg:There are at least 1,500 students in our school. _____________________________________。

Section B

1. But my mother wants me to drink it. 但我妈妈想让我喝它。(教材第12页)

want sb. to do sth. 意为―想让某人做某事‖,否定形式为want sb. not to do sth. 意为―不想让某人做某事‖。

Eg:She wants me to bring him some pens. 她想让我给她带些钢笔。

拓展:1.want sth. 想要某物Do you want any story books?你想要些故事书吗?

2.want to do sth. 想要做某事I want to visit my uncle. 我想去看望我的叔叔。

Do you want tell)me anything?

2. She says it‘s good for my health. 她说它对我的健康有好处。(教材第12页)

be good for 意为―对……有益‖。反义词为be bad for ―对……有害‖。

Eg: Vegetables are good for you. 蔬菜对你有好处。

拓展:be good at 擅长... be good at doing sth. 擅长做...

1.I am good at (play)basketball.

3. Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. 上个月我们向学生询问了他们

业余活动的情况。(教材第12页)

ask sb. about sth. ―询问某人关于某事‖

Eg:I asked my teacher about today‘s homework. ____________________________________。

4. Here are the results. 这是(调查)结果。(教材第13页)

here 位于句首,句子要倒装。当主语是名词性短语时,要用全倒装,即“here +谓语+主语”;当主语是人称代词时,要用半倒装,即“here+ 主语+谓语”。

Eg:Here is your jacket. 这是你的夹克。Here he comes. 他来到这儿。Here comes the bus. 汽车来了。

5.…twenty percent students don’t exercise at all. …百分之20的学生根本不锻炼。(教材第13页)

①. 百分数由percent来表示,构成:基数词+percent 。

Eg:Seventy percent of the boys like playing computer games. 男生中70%喜欢完电脑游戏。

② not... at all 意为―一点儿也不,根本不‖。

Eg:I don‘t know about it at all. 对那件事我一点也不知道。

拓展:not at all = you are welcome 意为“不用谢,不客气”。

Eg:--Thank you for your help. --Not at all.

6. Although many students like to watch sports,game shows are the most popular. 尽管许多学生喜

欢看运动类节目,但游戏类节目是最受欢迎的。(教材第13页)

although 连词。意为―虽然,尽管‖。but 意为―但是‖。英语中,although与but不能同时使用。

Eg:Although it rained,the boys still played outside.

= It rained,but the boys still played outside. 尽管天下雨了,但男孩们仍在外面玩耍。

1. My cousin knows a lot about geography, he is only four years old.

A. because B. so C. although

7. It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows. 通过上网或看游戏类节目是很好

的放松方式。(教材第13页)

句中it 为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。此句型结构为:It’s+adj+(for sb.)+to do sth. 意为 ―(对某人来说)做某事是……的‖。

Eg:It‘s very important to listen carefully in class. 上课认真听讲很重要。

It‘s easy for us to swim. 对我们来说游泳很容易。

It‘s very hard for him to study English. _____________________________________

---I often have hamburgers for unch.

---You‘d better not. It‘s bad for you too much junk food.

A.eat B.to eat C.eating D. ate

8.Exercise such as playing sports is fun,and you can spend time with your friends and family as

you play together. 比如进行体育活动这方面的锻炼就是有趣的,当你们一起运动的时候你

可以和朋友、家人一起度过时光。(教材第13页)

such as 意为―比如,例如‖。

Eg: I have a lot of hobbies, such as reading and singing. 我有许多爱好,比如读书和唱歌。

spend 意为―度过‖ 或―花费(时间、金钱)‖。

Eg: Come and spend the weekend with us. 来和我们一起度过周末吧。

重点:① spend time\money on sth. 在......上花费时间或金钱

He didn‘t spend much time on his homework. 他没在作业方面花很多时间。

I spend 200 yuan on a new coat. ____________________________________

② spend time\money (in) doing sth. 花费时间或金钱做某事

Don‘t spend too much time watching TV. 不要花费太多时间看电视。

He always spend his time playing football. ________________________________

Eg: I enjoy playing computer games,but I can‘t too much time A.take, doing B.spend, doing \C.spend, for doing D.take, to do

9. However,she has some bad habits,too. 然而她也有一些坏习惯。(教材第15页)

however 意为―然而,不过‖。可以位于句首、句中、句末。但要用逗号与句子的其他部分隔开。

Eg: She was ill. However, she still went to work. 她病了,然而她依然去上班。

辨析:but和however

but 并列连词 ―然而,但是‖。 可直接连接前后两个句子,表转折关系。

However 副词 ―然而,但是‖。 不能直接连接句子,必须用逗号与句子隔开。

Eg:1.It began to rain, ,we went out to look for the boy. 天开始下雨了,但我们还是出去寻找那个男孩了。

2. It a sunny morning, 这是个晴朗的早晨,但是却很冷。

10.She usually watches TV for more than two hours a day. 她通常每天看两个多小时的电视。(教材第15页)

more than 相当于over。意为―超过,多余‖。

There are more than 2000 books. ________________________________

11. She says she is afraid. 她说她害怕。(教材第15页)

afraid 意为―担心的,害怕的‖。

①.be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事 Eg:I am afraid to travel by plane. 我害怕乘飞机旅行。

②.be afraid of sb.\ sth. 害怕某人\某物

be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事 Eg:She is afraid of the dog. 她害怕那只狗。

Don‘t be afraid of asking questions. 不要怕问问题。

be afraid to do sth.= 害怕做某事

12. Less than six. 少于6小时。(教材第16页)

Less than 意为―不到,少于‖。其反义词为 more than \ over ―多余,超过‖

Eg:She sleeps less than seven hours every night. 他每晚的睡眠时间不到7小时。

We know Tom for 20 years. 我们认识Tom超过20年了

13. how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。

How often do you play sports? Three times a week.

how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?

how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park? It‘s about 2 kilometers.

14.stay up late 指―熬夜到很晚,迟睡‖。 Don‘t stay up late next time.

stay up 指―熬夜,不睡觉‖。 He stayed up all night to write his story.

15.find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy.

find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.

find +it +形容词+to do sth. I found it difficult to work out this math proble.

Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

一、词组、短语:

1. more outgoing 更外向/更开朗,

2. as...as...与……一样,

3. the singing competition 歌咏比赛,

4. the most important最重要的,

5. be talented in music 在音乐方面有天赋,

6. the same as与……相同

7. care about 关心/留意/关注, 8. be different from与…不同, 9. be like a mirror 像一面镜子, 10. as long as与…一样长, 11. bring out显示/显出/生产/带来, 12. get better grade取得好成绩, 13. reach for伸手达到/达到 14. touch one‘s heart 感动,

15. in fact 事实上,

16. make friends交朋友,

17. be good at 在某方面成绩好,

二、重要句子:

1. Sam has longer hair than Tom. 萨姆的头发比汤姆的长。

2. She also sings more loudly than Tara. 她唱歌也比泰拉声音大。

3. Nelly sang so well. 内莉唱得如此好。

4. For me, a good friend likes to do the same things as me.对于我来说,好朋友喜欢跟我做相同的事情。

5. Who is smarter, your mother or your father ? 谁更聪明,你妈妈还是你爸爸?

6. It‘s not necessary to be the same. 没有必要相同。

7. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我笑。

8. Molly studies harder than her best friend. 莫莉比她更好的朋友学习更努力。

9. My mother told me a good friend is like a mirror.我妈妈告诉我好朋友就像一面镜子。

10. So we enjoy studying together. 因此我们喜欢在一起学习。

11. So it‘s not easy for me to make friends. 因此对我来说交朋友不容易。

12. We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。

13. My best friend helps to bring out the best in me.我最好的朋友帮我把最好的方面发掘出来。

14. Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades.拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。

15. Huang Lei isn‘t as good at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。

16.I‘m shy so it‘s not easy for me to make friends.

三、习惯用法、搭配

1. have fun doing sth. 享受做某事的乐趣

2. want to do sth. 想要做某事

3. as + 形容词或副词的原级 + as 与…一样…

4. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

5. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

6. It‘s+ 形容词 + for sb. to do sth.. 对某人来说,做某事是……的

语法:

Is Tom smarter than Sam? 汤姆比萨姆更聪明吗?

No,he isn‘t. Sam is smarter than Tom. 不是,萨姆比汤姆更聪明。

Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? Tara比Tina更开朗吗?

No, she isn‘t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara. 不是,Tina比Tara更开。

Are you as friendly as your sister? 你与你的姐姐一样友好吗?

No, I‘m not. I‘m friendlier.不是,我更友好。

Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Tara与Tina一样学习认真吗? Yes, she does.是的。

Who‘s more hardworking at school?在学校谁更勤奋?

Tina thinks she works harder than me. Tina认为她比我更努力。

四、词语辨析laugh v. & n. 笑

We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。

(与at连用)嘲笑

Don‘t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所讲的故事。

Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。

笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

18. the other另一个, 19. be similar to 对…熟悉, 20. be good with与…和睦相处

though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。 Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。

注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后使用but。如: Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)

though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。 Jim said that he would come, he didn‘t , though. 语法讲解:

形容词与副词的比较级

1.规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

2.不规则变化

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

1. Peter likes to do the same things as me. 彼得喜欢和我做一样的事情。

My best friend Larry is quite different from me. 我最好的朋友拉里和我很不一样。 (1)the same as...意为―与??????相同‖。例如:

My birthday is the same as Tom‘s. 我的生日与汤姆的一样。 I have the same school bag as yours. 我有一个和你一样的书包。 (2)different from...意为―和??????不一样‖,是the same as...的反义词组。 Lucy is different from Lily. 露西与莉莉不一样。

[拓展] difference 意为―不同;不用之处‖,可做可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。例如: There is no between the twins.那对双胞胎长得一模一样。 There are Tom and Bob. ①Life in the country is quite _______ that in the city. A. the same B. different from C. full of D.the same as ②Is your pen _______ Jim‘s?

A.same as B.the same C.the same with D.the same as

③ There is not much _______ (different) in price between the two coats.

④ 我的妹妹和我不一样。My sister _______ _______ _______ me.

2.We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。 They are both tall. 他们两个都高。 (助后行前)

both 表示两者都, neither 表示两者都不。both of/neither of 表示―两者都/都不‖。例如:

They both are students.= Both of them are students. 他们两个都是学生。

The girls both like English.=Both of the girls like English. 这两个女孩都喜欢英语。

Neither of them is a doctor. 他们两个都不是医生。

① There are lots of colorful flowers on _______ sides of the streets. A.each B.both C.either D.all

② What are your parents?They doctors. A.are all B.are both C.all are D.both are

③Li Lei and Li Ming black hair. A.have both B.both have C.has both D.both has

④Both of them are doctors.(改为否定句) _______ _______ them _______ a doctor.

3.Huang Lei isn‘t as as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。 as...as 与??????一样 not as/so...as 不如??????中间加形容词或副词的原级。例如:

He is as tall as Tom. 他跟汤姆一样高。

She isn‘t as outgoing as her sister. 她不如她的姐姐外向。

① Jim is twelve years old. Tim is twelve years old, too.(合并为同义句)Jim is _______ _______ _______ Tim.

② English is as easy as math.(改为否定句)English _______ _______ ______ ________ _______math.

③ Write _______ and try not to make any mistakes.A.as careful as possible B.more careful

C.most careful D.as carefully as you can

④Do you think football is as _______ as basketball in America?

A.most popular B.the most popular C.more popular D. popular

⑤This math problem is _______that one.A.not so easy as B.more easy than C.as easier as D.easy than

4.However,Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades.然而拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。

(1)little 和much 都可用来修饰比较级,表示―更??????一点,??????得多‖。例如:

He is a little shorter than you. 他比你少矮一点儿。

[拓展] 修饰比较级除了用a little,much外,还可用even(甚至),far(非常),a lot(非常),a bit(一点)等。

①This is my friend. He is outgoing than I am.A. much B.more much C.a little more D.a lot of more

② She is _______ _______ _______(稍矮一点)than Tom.

5.I think a good friend makes me .我认为好朋友会使我笑。

make v. 制造;使;让。常用结构:make sb./ sth.+adj. 使/让某人/某事怎么样;make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事。 Mother made a birthday cake for me.妈妈为我做了一个生日蛋糕。

The news makes everyone happy.这个消息使每个人都很快乐。

His mother made him finish the work alone.他妈妈让他一个人完成这项工作。

① The boss makes the worker _______10 hours every day.A.work B.to work C.working D.works

②Mr Bean enjoys _______ jokes and often makes us _______.

A.to tell; to laugh B.tells; laugh C.telling; laugh D.telling; laughing

③ His parents often make him _______ his homework till 10 pm.A.do B.does C.to do D.doing

④这个消息使每个人都很快乐。The news _______everyone_______.

6.Who (do you think ) should get the job, Jenny or Jill?你认为谁应该得到这份工作,詹妮还是吉尔?

(1)本句是由―特殊疑问句+选项‖构成的选择疑问句,―do you think‖作插入语。

Who do you think cleaned the classroom yesterday?你认为昨天是谁打扫的教室?

Which bike do you think is Tom‘s, the new one or the old one?你认为哪辆自行车是汤姆的,那辆新的还是旧的呢?

What do you think

?or 意为―或者;还是‖,常用于选择疑问句中。例如:Do you like math or English? 你喜欢数学还是英语?

① Lucy ,do you think who _______ the shortest in your class?A.do B.does C.is D.are

② Which do you think _______ the longest river in China?A.is B.are C.am D.be

③ Who do you think _______ him clean the classroom yesterday?A.help B.helped C.helps D.helping

Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater

一、词组、短语:

1、so far 到目前为止,迄今为止 ,

2、no problem 没什么,别客气,

3、have….in common

有相同特征(想法、兴趣等方面)相同,

4、be up to由…决定/是…的职责,

5、all kinds of …各种各样的…… ,

6、play a role 发挥作用,有影响

二、重要句子(语法) It has the biggest screens.

1. The DJs choose songs the most carefully.

2. How do you like it so far? 到目前为止,你认为它怎么样?

3. Thanks for telling me.多谢你告诉我。 forget telling me忘记告诉我

4. Can I ask you some questions?我能问你一些问题吗?

5. (1)It has the most comfortable seats. 它有最舒服的座位。

(2)The DJs choose songs the most carefully.那些音乐节目主持人们选择歌曲最细致。

(1)How do you like it so far? 到目前为止你认为它怎么样?

(2)Thanks for telling me. 谢谢告诉我。

(3)Which is the worst clothes store in town?

城镇里最差的服装店是哪一家?

6. Everyone is good at something. 每个人都各有所长。

7. It‘s always interesting to watch other people show their talents.观看别人展示他们的天赋总是很有趣。

8. All these shows have one thing in common.所有这些节目有一个共同之处。

9. That‘s up to you to decide. 这由你来决定。

10. However, and everybody enjoys watching these shows.然而,并不是所有的人都喜欢看这些节目。

三、习惯用法、搭配

1、Can I ask you some……. 2、How do you like……. 你认为……怎么样

3、Thanks for doing sth. 4、What do you think of ……..

5、much + 形容词或副词比较级 …….得多 6、watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事

7、play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事的作用 8、one of +可数名词复数 …..之一……

语法:

What‘s the best movie theater to go to ? Town Cinema. It‘s the closest to home. And you can buy tickets the most quickly there? Which is the worst clothes store in town? Dream Clothes. It‘s worse than Blue Moon. It has the worst service. What do you think of 970 AM? I think 970 AM is pretty bad. It has worst music.

1.What‘s the best clothes store ?城里最好的的服装店是哪家?

I think is the best.(否定句) ----I ‘s 我觉得米勒的服装店(不)是最好的。

①此句中best 是good 的最高级形式,其前应加定冠词the。

②in town 在城镇,town前加不加任何冠词或修饰成分。in the city 在城市, in the country在乡村;在农村。

City/country 前加定冠词the。例如:

Do you like living in town or in the city?你喜欢住在城镇还是住在城市里?

③此句中 Miller‘s 是名词所有格的形式,表示场所、店铺等意义。例如:

the barber‘s 理发店 the doctor‘s 诊所 my uncle‘s 我叔叔家

④clothes 本身是复数形式,后面动词应用复数。Clothing 是复合名词,衣服的总称,没有复数形式,后面动词应用单数。例如: The clothes in that shop are expensive. 那家店的衣服贵。

7、make up 编造(故事、谎言等), 8、for example=eg例如, 9、take …..seriously 认真对待 , 10、not everybody并不是每个人, 11、close to 离….近 , 12、more and more 越来越……

All the clothing in the shop is very cheap. 这家店里的衣服很便宜。

(1) What‘s _______ (good) clothing store in town?

(2) Who is _______ (short),Ann, Sally _______ or Mary?

(3)Among the three boys he works the _______ . A. hard B.harder C.hardest D.most hard

(4)Michael is taller than any other student in his class.(同义句转换)

Michael is _______ _______ _______ in his class.

(5)你认为谁是最佳表演者? Who do you think is _______ _______ _______ ?

2.It has the most seats. 它有最舒适的座位。

You can sit the most because they have the biggest seats.因为它们有最大的座位所以你可以坐得最舒服。

①comfortable 为形容词,意为―舒适的‖,用来修饰seats。most comfortable 是它的最高级形式,在句中使用时,要在其最高级前加the.

② Comfortably 为comfortable的副词,意为―舒服地;舒适地‖,用来修饰它前面的sit,即副词修饰动词之后,most comfortable 是它的最高级形式。在句中使用时,其最高级前可以加the也可以不加。

[拓展]类似的词在本单元还有许多。例如: beautiful-beautifully,cheap-cheaply,careful-carefully等

③ -There are ___________seats in Town Cinema.

-Yes, you can sit there ____________ .(comfortable)

④ -Can you buy clothes the most ?

-Yes, I can buy the _______ clothes.(cheap)

⑤ He is a _______ man, he does everything __________ . (careful)

⑥ Tom sings _________in his class. He can sing many________ songs .(beautiful)

⑦-Did your father have a __________ breakfast this morning?

-Yes, he had breakfast__________. (quick)

3.It‘s the closest to home. 它离家最近。

(1)close 在此句中为形容词,意为―近的,接近的‖,既可指时间,也可以指空间上的。closest 为形容词 close的最高级形式。其反义词为far, 近义词为near。在表达―离……近‖时用(be)close to 结构。例如:

The post office is close to the park. 邮局离公园近。 He sat close to us. 他挨着我们坐。

[拓展] ① close与near都意为―近的‖,但close比near表达的距离更近,相当于very near,可以近至几乎相接触,而near意为―附近的;邻近的。‖

例如:My home is near our school.我家离我们学校很近。

② close还是一个动词,意为―关;关闭‖。其反义词为open。例如:

Please close the windows before leaving. 离开前请将窗户关上。

Don‘t close your eyes, please. 请不要闭上眼睛。

(2)home 在这里为名词,意为―家‖,包含―爱;温暖;舒适;安全‖等意义,通常不用冠词修饰,也常指人的出生地。但平时的Home为副词。例如:

Home is where the heart is.心在哪里,哪里就是家。

He regards Shenyang as the second 他把沈阳作为他的第二个家乡。

On one‘s way home 在某人回家的路上 on one‘s way to school 在某人上学的路上

get home arrive home Welcome back home

① The store is the __________my home. I often do shopping in it.A. Near B.closest C.farthest D.closes

② -David ,where do you live?

-It‘s__________ Taishan.A. close from B.closing to C.close to D.far to

③ My home is __________our school, so I have to take the bus.A.far from B.closed to C. far to D.near.

4.It‘s always interesting their talents.观看别人展示他们的天赋总是很有趣。

①It‘s interesting to do sth. 意思是 ―做某事有趣‖, 它是It‘s +adj+to do sth.句型的一种形式,it 作形式主语,to do sth.是真正的主语。例如:

It‘s very interesting to play computer games.玩电脑游戏很有趣。

② watch 在句中是感官动词。watch sb.do sth. 意为―观看某人做了某事或经常观看某人做某事‖,强调―观看 动作的全过程‖。例如: I watched them play football the whole afternoon.整个下午我在看他们踢足球。

watch sb.doing sth. 则表示―观看某人正在做某事‖强调―动作正在进行‖。例如: I‘m watching them playing football. 我正在观看他们踢足球。 hear,see, feel, notice 等感官动词的用法与watch一致。例如: I saw him get on the bus. 我看见他上了公共汽车。(动作已完成) I saw him getting on the bus. 我看见他正在上公共汽车。(动作正在进行) ③ I saw my father__________ . It made me __________better. A.smiling; to feel B.smile; feeling C.smile ; feel D.smile; to feel

④. The young woman watched her daughter_________ a yo-yo yesterday afternoon.

A.to play B.to play with C.playing with D.played

⑤ I often hear her__________ in the room.A.sing B.sang C.singing D.to sing ⑥ It‘s nice of you __________me with my math. A.help B.helping C.to help D.helped 形容词的比较级和最高级(略)

Unite 5 Do you want to watch a game show?

一、词组、短语: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

want to do something 想做…… hope to do something 希望做…… expect to do something期待做…… plan to do something计划做…… join sb (in something)参加某人的…… talk show 脱口秀 sports show 体育节目 talent show 才艺展 game show 游戏节目

28. shows that are more educational= more educational shows

更有教育意义的节目

29. a friend who is similar to you一个与你相似的朋友 30. a place where you can enjoy time一个你可以享受快乐时

光的地方

31. good movies showing right now 现在正在上演的电影 32. most of the movies on right now 大多数正在上演的电影 33. one very famous symbol in American culture 美国文化中

一个非常著名的象征

34. the black mouse with two large round ears 这只有着大而

圆的耳朵的黑老鼠 35. over 80 years ago 80多年前

36. first appeared in the cartoon 第一次出现在卡通中 37. when this cartoon came out…当这部卡通发行的时

候……

38. the first cartoon with sound and music第一部有声配乐卡

39. the man behind Mickey Mickey身后的男人 40. became very rich and successful变得富裕而成功

必背句子

1.

Some people might ask how this cartoon animal became so popular. 有些人可能会问这个卡通动物怎样变得如此受欢迎了呢。 2.

Mickey was like a common man, but he always tried to face any danger. Mickey象一个普通人,但是他总是努力面对任何危险。 3.

Mickey was unlucky and had many problems such as losing his house or girlfriend. Mikey是不幸的,总是面对很多问题,如推动房子或女朋友等。 4.

However, he was always ready to try his best.然而,他总

10. soap opera 肥皂剧 11. scary movies 恐怖电影 12. action movies 动作电影

13. come out 出版,发行,(花)开,(太阳等)出来 14. be ready to do something 准备做……

15. try one‘s best to do something 尽最大努力做…… 16. a symbol of Chinese culture中国文化的象征 17. another cartoon character 另一个卡通形象 18. one of the main reasons 最主要的原因之一 19. dress up like a boy 装扮得象我男孩子

20. take her father‘s place to fight in the army 代替父亲的位

置去参军打仗

21. play Mulan‘s role well 扮演木兰演得好 22. did a good job in the movie 在这部电影中演得好 23. show her love for her family, friends and country向家人,

朋友和国家显示了她的爱

24. see something enjoyable看令人高兴的东西

25. have a discussion about TV shows. 对电视节目进行讨论 26. Expect to learn a lot from talk shows期待从脱口秀中学

到很多知识

27. a great way to relax一个放松的好方法

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

----What do you think of talk shows? ----I don‘t mind them.

I hope to be a TV reporter one day. How about you?

三、惯用法、搭配

1、let sb. do sth.让某人做某事,

2、plan to do sth.计划做某事,

3、hope to do sth. 希望做某事,

4、happen to do sth碰巧发生某事,

5、expect to do sth. 期望做某事,

6、How about doing…?= What about…? 做某事怎么样?

7、be ready to do sth.准备做某事,

8、try one‘s best to do sth.=do one‘s best to do sth.尽力做某事,

语法:

Do you want to watch the news? Yes, I do . / No, I don‘t.

What can you plan to watch tonight? I plan to watch Days of Our Past.

What do you expect to learn from sitcoms? You can learn some great jokes.

Why do you like watching the news? Because I hope to find out what‘s going on around the world.

What do you think of talk shows? I don‘t mind them./ I can‘t stand them!/ I love watching them!

四、词语辨析

1.the other, the others, other, others, another 辨析

the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,可直接单数名词或复数名词。表示两个中的一个……另一个……时,常用one …the other…。例:He has two brothers, one is a teacher, the other is a doctor.

the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 =

I‘m different from Jeff because I‘m louder than other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。例:

We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.

others 作代词,泛指―其他的人或物‖。 例:Some students are doing homework, others are talking loudly.

another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的―另一个‖,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例:

I don‘t like this one. Please show me another one.

another two students = two more students

3.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到 Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.

4. go on 发生,与 take place 同义 I wonder what was going on.

翻译:隔壁发生了什么? ? 1. happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday. Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事 An accident happened on Park Street.

happen v,表示―碰巧‖,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示―碰巧……‖. Sb + happens to do sth. I happened to see my uncle on the street.

? take place 意为―发生,举行,举办‖,一般指非偶然性事件的―发生‖,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。 例:Great changes have taken place in China. The meeting will take place next Friday.

2. expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。I‘m expecting Li Lin‘s letter. 2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事 Lily expects to come back next week. 3)expect sb. to do sth. I expect my mother to come back early. 4)expect + 从句 预计…… I expected that I‘ll come back next Monday. 7. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man. be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真

Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.

be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 ____He‘s serious about selling his house.

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

一、词组、短语: 1、grow up 长大, 2、every day每天,

3、be sure about对某事确信, 4、make sure 确信/有把握,

5、send…to…把…发送到…/把…寄…, 6、be able to 能/能够 ,

7、 the meaning of …的意思/含义, 8、 different kinds of 不同种类的, 二、习惯用法、搭配

want to do sth. 想做某事, be going to + 动词原形:将要做某事,

practice doing sth. 练习做某事, keep on doing sth.继续做某事,

learn to do sth. 学会做某事, finish doing sth做完某事,

promise to do sth.答应做某事, help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事, remember to do sth. 记住要做某事, agree to do sth.同意做某事, love to do sth.喜欢做某事, be going to 的用法 9、in common通常,

10、 at the beginning of 在…开始的时候, 11、write down写下/记下, 12、 have to do with必须处理某事, 13、take up 开始从事/着手处理/接受, 14、 hardly ever 几乎不, 15、too…to…太而不能

1) be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语或when 引导

的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。 肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。He is going to take the bus there.

否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I‘m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他

肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not. Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I‘m not. 特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends?

2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

4) be going to 与 will 的区别:

① 对未来事情的预测用― will + 动词原形‖表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在will 后面加not,

也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩略式won‘t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。

Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won‘t.

②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。

I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will. I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will. I‘m tired I will go to bed.

⑤ 表示意愿用will. I‘ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.

I‘m going to buy a computer this month.

---Let‘s discuss the plan, shall we? ----Not now. I ______ to an interview. A. go B. went C. am going D. was going

------Jack is busy packing luggage. ---Yes. He ____for America on vacation. A. leaves B. left C. is leaving D. has been away

三、重要句子(语法)

What do you want to be when you grow up? I want to be an engineer.

How are you going to do that? I‘m going to study math really hard.

Where are you going to work? I‘m going to move to Shanghai.

When are you going to start? I‘m going to start when I finish high school and college.

四、词语辨析

1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:

1)promise to do sth. ——My mother promised to buy a piano for me.

2)promise sb. sth. ——My aunt promised me a bike.

3)promise + that 从句——Tom promises that he can return on time.

promise n. 允诺, 诺言 Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.

2.when 与 while 的区别:

when 表示―当…时候‖,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性的也可以是延续性的。When the teacher came in, the students were talking.

When she arrives, I‘ll call you.

while 表示―当…时候‖,仅指一段时间,从句中的动作必须是延续性的,一般强调主从句的动作同时发生, while 还可以作并列连词,意为― 而、却‖,表示对比关系。

Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano.

Tom is strong while his younger brother is week.

3. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。

Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon.

承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

不禁介意与逃亡: can‘t help , mind, escape.

不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

everyday adj. 每天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework. every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day. Unit 7 Will people have robots?

一、词组、短语:

1、on computers在电脑上,

2、on paper在纸上,

3、live to be 200 years old 活到200岁,

4、free time空闲时间,

5、in danger 在危险中,

6、on the earth在世界上

7、play a part in sth 在某方面出力/做贡献,

8、space station太空站,

8、look for寻找,

二、重要句子(语法)

1、will + 动词原形 将要做

2、fewer/more + 可数名词复数 更少/更多…

3、less/more + 不可数名词 更少/更多

4、try to do sth. 尽力做某事

5、have to do sth 不得不做某事

6、 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见

7、such + 名词(词组) 如此

8、play a part in doing sth 参与做某事

9、make sb do sth 让某人做某事

10、help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

11、There will be + 主语 + 其他 将会有….

12、There is/are + sb. + doing sth 有…正在做…

13、It is + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth 做某事对某人来说…

语法:

What will the future be like?

Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer trees.

Will people use money in 100 years?

No, they won‘t. Everything will be free.

Will there be world peace?

Yes, I hope so.

Kids will stuffy at home on computers. They won‘t go to school.

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

There will be more people. There will be more pollution. There will be less free time. 四、词语辨析:

1. every 与 each 的区别:

every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.

every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each adj./ pron. Every teacher knows her.

There are lots of trees on each side of the road.

9、computer programmer 电脑程序师, 10、in the future 在将来, 11、hundreds of成百上千的, 12、the same…as与…一样, 13、 over and over again 反复, 14、get bored 无聊, 15、wake up醒来/唤醒, 16、look like 看起来像, 17、fall down倒下/落下

Each of the road has a dictionary.

2. on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。 All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?

3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的―人,人类‖,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。

person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

people, 泛指―人们‖,表示复数概念。

man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指―男人‖,a man 可指―一个人/ 一个男人‖,复数形式为men.

He was the only human on the island.

There are only three persons in the room.

There are many people there.

Man is stronger than woman.

4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。有下面几种用法:

seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.

seem like 好像,似乎。 It seemed like a good idea at the time.

seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。 I seem to have left my book at home.

It seems/seemed that 看起来好像…, 似乎…. He was very happy.

seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。 She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.

5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.

probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.

maybe/perhaps 用于句首。 Maybe/Perhaps you are right.

1. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某

事具体发生的时间用in.

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.

I‘ve been here for two weeks.

They usually leave school in July.

一般将来时结构:

肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。

主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。

否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won‘t .

一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时:

There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。

肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won‘t.

否定形式是:There won‘t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有……

特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match? Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

一、词组、短语:

1、milk shake 奶昔,

2、turn on打开,

3、 pour into 倒入,

4、a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶,

5、 a good idea 一个好主意,

6、on Saturday 在星期六,

7、 cut up 切碎,

8、put into 放入,

二、习惯用法、搭配

9、one more thing 还有一件事, 10、a piece of一片/一张/一块, 11、at this time在此时, 12、a few 几个, 13、fill…with… 用…装满, 14、cover…with… 用…盖住, 15、one by one一个接一个, 16、a long time长时间,

1、How many + 可数名词复数

2、How much + 不可数名词,

3、let sb. do sth.让某人做某事,

4、want to do sth.想要做某事,

5、forget to do sth. 忘记要做的事情,

6、how to do sth.怎样做某事,

7、There are many reasons for 某事有几个原因/理由,

8、 一段时间 +ago ,

9、by doing sth.

10、need to do sth. 需要做某事,

11、make + 宾语 + 形容词 ,

12、It‘s time(for sb) to do sth某人该做某事的时间到了。

13、First…Next…Then…Finally…

三、重要句子

Turn on the blender.启动搅拌器, How do you make a banana milk shake?你怎样做香蕉奶昔?

How many bananas do we need? 我们需要几个香蕉?How much yogurt do we need?我们需要多少酸奶?

Now, it‘s time to enjoy the rice noodles!啊,该品尝大米面条。

语法:

How do you make a banana milk shake? First, peel the banana.

Next, put the banana in the blender.

Then, pour the milk into the blender.

Finally, turn on the blender.

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

How much yogurt do we need?

20xx新目标版人教版八年级上Unit110基础知识总结28页

We need one cup of yogurt.

主谓一致15个常考点:

1. 表示时间,重量,数目,价格,长度,数学运算等的词或短语作主语时,尽管他们是复数形式,但如果把这些复数形式的词或短语看作是一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。

Two months is quite a long time. Twenty dollars is enough.

2. 动词不定式,动名词,从句或不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

To see is to believe. It is not easy to master a foreign language.

3. 由and连接两个成分作主语时,要根据其表示的意义来决定谓语动词的形式。如果其表示的是一个整体的概念或指的是同一事物,谓语动词用单数,如果其表示的是两个不同的对象时,谓语动词用复数。

The writer and the teacher are coming.

The poet and teacher is one of my friends.

4. 集合名词people,police一般看作复数意义,其谓语动词用复数。另外一些集合名词family,class等作主语时,谓语动词是用单数还是复数,要根据这些词在句中的实际含义而定。当他们表示的是整体意义时,谓语用单数;当他们强调个体成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。

In England, people eat fish and chips.

The Chinese people(民族)is a great people,but the Chinese people are brave and hard-working people.中华民族是个伟大的民族,而中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。

5. 名词性物主代词mine,yours,his,hers, its,ours,theirs等作主语时,谓语动词的数取决于该代词所表示的意义是单数还是复数。

His parents are young, but mine are old.

6. 以s结尾的名词本身不表示复数意义时,谓语动词通常用单数形式,如news,physics,politics等。

No news is good news. Physics is the most difficult subject for him.

7. 由or,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also…等词连接名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词的数和最接近的主语一致。

Neither you nor Li Hua has been to Shanghai before.

8. 以there,here开头的句子,若主语不止一个,其谓语动词的形式和邻近的那个主语一致。

There is a table and four chairs in the room.

Here are some books and paper for you.

9. trousers,clothes,glasses,compasses,chopsticks等作主语时,谓语动词用复数。但如果前面有a pair of短语时,谓语动词用单数。

Jim‘s trousers are brown. The pair of glasses is Mr. Green‘s.

10. 由―a lot of/lots of/plenty of+名词”或“分数+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数根据名词的单复数而定。

A lot of people have been to London.

Three-fifths of the water is dirty.

11. ―a number of +复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数;―the number of+复数名词‖作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

A great number of birds fly to the south in winter.

The number of lions does not change much if people leave things as they are.

12.代词something,anything,nothing,everyone,anybody,nobody,each,neither,either,little,much,one等作主

语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

Neither of us is a boy。

Each of them has an English dictionary。

One of the students was late for school。

13.All,some none,most,any等代词作主语时,若其指复数概念,谓语动词用复数形式;若其指单数形式,则谓语动词用

单数形式。

Not all work is difficult。

Not all the students are here。

14.有些形容词前面加上定冠词the,如the poor,the old,the yong,the rich,the dying等用来表示一类人时,主语为复数

意义,谓语动词用复数。

The old are good taken care of。

15.Tom‘s and Bob‘s rooms A and B’s 表示两人共有一样东西,后常跟单数名词,谓语常用单三。

Tom and Bob‘s room 四、词语辨析

1、turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。

1. pour…into… 将…倒入/灌入… into 是:进入… in 是:在…内。

在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。

He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in!请进!

3. 有关make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 , make tea沏茶 ,make trouble 惹麻烦,make money 赚钱 , make a decision 做决定,make a telephone call 打电话,make a visit 拜访 , make a mistake 犯错误 , make a noise 弄出噪音,make a living 谋生 , make sure 务必

4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词

5. fill with 用…填充… be filled with = be full of 充满….

The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes.

6. cover…with… 用…把…覆盖 be covered with 被…所覆盖。 cover n. 封面,盖子。

Ann covered her face with her hands. / The cover of the magazine is nice.

7. It‘s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。

It‘s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

一、词组、短语:

1、on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午, 2、have to 必须, 3、 prepare for 准备, 4、go to the doctor去看病, 5、have the flu 患流感, 6、help my parents给父母帮忙, 7、come to the party 参加晚会, 8、meet my friend见朋友, 9、go to the party 参加晚会,

10、too much homework 太多的家庭作业, 11、go to the movies去看电影, 12、another time下次, 13、last fall 去年秋天, 14、hang out 闲逛, 15、after school 放学后, 16、on the weekend 在周末, 17、study for a test备考,

二、习惯用法、搭配

1、invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事,

2、What a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)! 3、help sb. (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事,

4、What + 形容词 + 名词复数/不可数名词(+ 主语 + 谓语)! 5、be sad to do sth. 做某事感到悲伤,

6、see sb to do sth /see sb doing sth看见某人做某事, 7、the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方法,

8、have a surprise party for sb为某人举办一个惊喜的晚会, 9、look forward to doing sth. 期望做某事, 10、reply to sth/sb.回答某人/回答某事, 11、What‘s today? 今天星期几,几月几日? 12、What‘s the date today?今天几月几日? 13、What day is it today?今天星期几? 三、重要句子:

1、Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?星期六下午你能参加我的晚会吗? 2、Sure, I‘d love to. / Sorry, I can‘t. I have to prepare for an exam. 语法:

Can you come to my party on Saturday? Sure, I‘d love to. /Sorry, I must study for a math test. Can you go to the movie tomorrow night? Sure. That sound great. I‘m afraid not. I have the flu. Can he go to the party? No, he can‘t. He has to help his parents. Can she go to the baseball game?

No, she‘s not available. She must go to the doctor. Can they go to the movie?

18、visit grandparents 拜访爷爷奶奶, 19、the day before yesterday 前天, 20、the day after tomorrow后天, 21、have a piano lesson 上钢琴课, 22、look after 照看,

23、accept an invitation 接受邀请, 24、turn down an invitation拒绝邀请, 25、take a trip 参加郊游,

26、at the end of this month在本月底, 27、look forward to 期望/渴望, 28、 the opening of…开幕/开业, 29、reply in writing 写回信, 30、go shopping 购物, 31、do homework 做作业, 32、go to the concert参加音乐会, 33、not…until 不…直到才

No, they‘re not free. They might have to meet their friends. 四、词语辨析

1、prepare意为―准备‖,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。 prepare for sth. 为…准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。 / prepare to do sth 准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready意为―准备好‖,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

We _____ the mid-term examination. Miss Li said, ―Everyone should ______before class.

2. have the flu 患感冒, have a cold 感冒 ,have a cough 咳嗽, have a fever 发烧 , have a sore throat 喉咙痛, have a headache 头痛 ,have a toothache 牙痛,

3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处, hang on 紧紧抓住, hang about 闲荡, hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起 4. catch you =see you = bye bye ,catch a cold感冒 , catch sb‘s eye引起某人注意, catch the train 赶上火车 catch up with =keep up with 赶上,跟上 ,catch hold of=take hold of 抓住

5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。 accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。 I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn‘t like to accept it.

1. turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大,调高 turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流 2. help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助人 help oneself to sth 随便吃 3. at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, by the end of 到…末为止 in the end of 终于 4. surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外

surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring.

surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one‘s surprise使某人吃惊,动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth. 5. look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb. hear of = hear about 听说

6. make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; Glad you could make it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let‘s make it at seven o‘clock on Tuesday. 成功办成某事 = succeed After years of hard work, he finally made it.

7. reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。

作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to . answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!

一、词组、短语:

1、go to the party 参加晚会, 2、have a great /good time 玩的开心, 3、 stay at home,呆在家, 4、take the bus乘公交车, 5、 tomorrow night明天晚上, 6、have a class party 开班级晚会, 7、have a class meeting 开班会, 8、half the class 全班一半人, 9、 make some food 做食物, 10、at the party 在晚会上, 11、 order food 预定食物, 12、potato chips薯条,

13、be angry with sb.对某人生气,

14、give sb some advice给某人建议/劝告, 15、travel around the world 周游世界, 16、go to college 上大学,

17、make(a lot of)money 挣钱/赚钱 18、get an education上学/受教育 , 19、work hard 努力工作/努力学习, 20、a soccer player 一个足球运动员, 21、keep…to oneself

把…留给自己/独处/避免与人交往, 22、talk to sb.与某人谈话, 23、in life在一生中, 24、 in the end 在最后,

25、be angry at/about sth 因某事而生气,

26、 make mistakes 弄错/出差错, 27、in the future 在将来, 28、run away逃跑, 29、the first step第一步, 二、习惯用法、搭配

1、ask sb. to do sth 请某人做某事, 2、give sb sth.给某人某物,

3、tell sb. to do sth 告诉某人做某事, 4、too…to do sth太…不能做某事, 5、be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事, 6、advise sb to do sth劝说某人做某事, 7、It‘s best (not)to do sth.做某事最好。 8、need to do sth需要做某事, 三、重要句子(语法)

1、I think I‘ll take the bus to the party. 2、If you do, you‘ll be late.

3、What will happen if they have the party today? 4、If they have it today, half the class won‘t come. 5、Should we ask people to bring food? 6、If we ask people to bring food,

7、They‘ll just bring potato chips and chocolate.

常用不规则动词分类表

为了帮助同学们记住不规则动词,

现在把教材中出现的不规则动词分为几个类型,

每个类型中又分若干组,尽量找出每组中各词变化形式的共同点,以帮助记忆。

1. A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形) 动词原形(现在式) 过去式 过去分词 cost cost cost 花费 cut cut cut 割,切 hit hit hit 打 let let let 让 put put put 放下 read read read 读 hurt hurt hurt 伤

2. A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形) beat beat beaten 打

3. A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形) come came come 来 become became become 变 run ran run 跑 4. A ---B ---B型 (1)在动词原形后

加一个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。 burn burnt burnt 燃烧

learn learned/learnt learned/learnt 学习

mean meant meant 意思 hear heard heard 听见

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。 build built built 建筑 lend lent lent 借给 lose lost lost 失去 send sent sent 送 spend spent spent 花费 (3)其他 pay paid paid 付 lay laid laid 下蛋 say said said 说

bring brought brought 带来 buy bought bought 买 think thought thought 想 sleep slept slept 睡 keep kept kept 保持 sweep swept swept 扫 stand stood stood 站

understand understood understood 明白 win won won 得胜

shine shone/shined shone/shined 发光 catch caught caught 抓住

30、in half 成半,

31、solve a problem解决难题, 32、school clean-up学校大扫除

teach taught taught 教 feel felt felt 觉得 fight fought fought 战斗 find found found 发现 get got got 得到

hang hanged/ hung hanged/ hung 绞死 挂 have had had 有 hold held held 盛,握 leave lef t left 离开 make made made 制造 meet met met 遇见 sell sold sold 卖 shoot shot shot 射击 tell told told 告诉

smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻 sit sat sat 坐 dig dug dug 挖

5. A---B---C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同) (1)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。 eat ate eaten 吃 fall fell fallen 落下 steal stole stolen 偷 give gave given 给 freeze froze frozen 冻结 take took taken 拿 see saw seen 看见 write wrote written 写 ride rode ridden 骑 drive drove driven 驾驶

复合形容词的使用

1、构成:数词?单数名词、数词?单数名词?形容词(每两词间用连字符 ?) 2、用法:A:常作定语,用于名词前,一般不单独使用。 eg: an eight- year-old boy\ a ten-metre-tall tree

B:复合形容词后加复数,表示一类人或物,可独立作主语。Holiday(C) 选择:

( )1、He is_____ and he has an _____ sister. A. ten years old ,8 –year-old B. ten-year-old, ten years old ( )2、We will have a______ holiday after the exam. A. two month B. two-month C. two -months ( )3、I think______ can choose their own life style.

A .nineteen-year-old B. nineteen-year-olds C. nineteen years old D. nineteen-year olds

( )4、There is a ____tree in the park. A. four hundred years B. four-hundred-year-old C. four-hundred-year old ( )5、Nie Haisheng had a ______flight in space. A. five-days B. five-day C. five day‘s

( )6、I‘d like to spend ________holiday in the country. A. a two-day B. two-day C. two days‘ ( )7、The little boy wrote a______letter to his uncle. A. five-hundred words B. five-hundred-word

throw threw thrown 抛,扔 blow blew blown 吹 grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道 fly flew flown 飞

draw drew drawn 拉,绘画 show showed shown 展示

(2)过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。 speak spoke spoken 说话 break broke broken 破碎,折断 wake waked/ woke waked/ waken 醒 choose chose chosen 选择 forget forgot forgotten 忘记 (3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母 “i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。 begin began begun 开始 ring rang rung 按铃 sing sang sung 唱 sink sank sunk 沉 swim swam swum 游泳 drink drank drunk 饮 (4)其他不规则动词的变化。 be(am, is) was/ were been 是 be(are) were been 是 do did done 做 go went gone 去 lie lay lain 躺 wear wore worn 穿戴

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