1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.
2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...
5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
6.Like anything else, it has its faults.
7.A and B has several points in common.
8.A bears some resemblances to B.
9.However, the same is not applicable to B.
10. A and B differ in several ways.
11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.
13. The same is true of B.
14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.
15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...
1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).
2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...
5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...
One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...
Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...
Perhaps the primary factor is that…
But the fundamental cause is that ...
1. It may give rise to a host of problems.
2. The immediate result it produces is ...
3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...
4. Its consequence can be so great that...
1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.
2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.
3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.
4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...
5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.
6) It makes no sense to argue for ...
7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...
8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...
9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...
1) A good case in point is ...
2) As an illustration, we may take ...
3) Such examples might be given easily.
4) ...is often cited as an example.
1) No one can deny the fact that ...
2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.
3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...
4) Recent studies indicate that ...
5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...
1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...
2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.
3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...
5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...
6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.
7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...
8) According to a recent survey, ...
9) With the rapid development of ......
1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...
2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...
3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...
4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...
5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.
6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...
7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop
8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.
9) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ...
10) Taking all these into account, we ...
11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...
Turn off Your Mobile Phone
With the development of information technology and reduced price of communication products,the mobile phone has become a necessity for most people. Obviously, it shortens the distancebetween people and makes our life more convenient. Thanks to it, it's easy for us to contact or be contacted by others anytime and anywhere. We will never miss any important meetings, great
deals or admirable opportunities.
But, have you noticed sometimes the mobile phone also brings embarrassment to us? It's not rare to
see some pressing the mobile phone to his ear and shouting loudly in public as if there were no one else present. And I'm sure each one has had such an experience that the mobile phones ring continuously on a formal occasion. Perhaps those people have life-and-death reasons to keep the phone working at all times, but it interrupts people around them who have to hear what they don'tcare when they want to concentrate on what they're doing.
So if you are one of them, please shut off your cell phone in public, especially on a quiet and serious occasion. It's a respect for both others and yourself.
Traveling by Train or by Plane
When we go on a business trip, we will be faced with the choice of traveling by train or by plane. Before making the right choice, we had better make a close comparison and contrast of them.
First of all, a train will take us to our target railway station. Also, a plane will take us to the target airport. Second, in a train we can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the countryside. Likewise, in a plane we can command a good view of fields, buildings, mountains and even plains of clouds. Despite these similarities, they differ in the following aspects. First, a train ticker is cheap. Most of us can afford it. However, a plane ticket is about twice as expensive as a train ticket. Most of us grudge paying for it. Besides, it is safer to travel by train. If the train gets some trouble, we survive by jumping out of it. On the contrary, if we travel by plane, we have to ask God to bless us. However, it takes us longer time to travel by train than by plane.
Therefore, it depends which transportation tool we should choose. If we just want to save money, we will travel by train. But if we want to save time, we will turn to the plane.
The merit of foreign investments lies in many aspects. It increases capital investment in our economic construction, speeds up the technical innovation in our enterprises and accelerates our output. In brief, the foreign investment plays an important role in the modernization of our country. Thanks to the foreign investment, great changes have taken place in our economic construction. Many new and advaced enterprises have been set up, old enterprise have been
revolutionized and the living standards of our people have been greatly improved. All these have something to do with the foreign investment.
Then, how can we attract more foreign investment? We must maintain our country's stability to create a good investment environment. Meanwhile we should carry out some favorable policies, making the foreign businessmen believe that to invest in China does pay off. Only in this way can we further attract and secure foreign investment.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter. Suppose
you are Jill. Write a letter to your friend Li Fang. You should write at least 120 words 5
according to the situation given below in Chinese:
I understand that you are in a dilemma. Although so many graduates are eager to set feet on their work-life road, there are still some who prefer to start their new life after gaining another degree to make better preparation for entering society. In my opinion, the latter are more
admirable. You are good at all your courses these years, so if you do like to spend another two or three years on campus, you should stick to it. In today's society, the achievement and status you can get and the devotion you can make are no doubt in proportion to your educational background and degrees, coupled with the efforts you put in them. If you want to stride to your destinations more smoothly and easily, why not head for the further study courageously?
Whichever you choose, I firmly believe your industry will ensure your success. After all, it is you who have the final say on the final choice.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: My View on the Post-graduate Craze. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
My View on the Post-graduate Craze
Every year, millions of college students will sit in for the postgraduate entrance examination. More and more students have regarded the pursuing of a master degree as an indispensable part of their education. What is to account for their enthusiasm for a post-graduate diploma?
First, it is the demand of the time. In an age of knowledge updating and information
explosion, what you have learned in college can hardly meet the demand of society. Talents of 6
high quality who are equipped with the latest knowledge and skill will be needed more than ever. That is why many students will further their studies.
Second, we all recognize that the more education you have, the more likely you are to succeed. Compared with those without a master degree, masters will enjoy more preferential treatment, for example, better salaries, more opportunities for promotion and training. A post-graduate degree can guarantee a more promising career.
Last but not least, with the graduation of a large number of college students, competition for jobs becomes more and more fierce. One way to gain some advantage over others is to have a higher degree.
No wonder millions of students will consider pursuing a post-graduate degree.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Something I Admire about the Western Culture. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below:
1. Is there anything in the Western culture you admire?
2. What is it (are they)and why do you like it (them)?
Something I Admire about the Western Culture
Despite the cultural conflicts between the Orient and the Occident, there do exist some admirable ingredients in the Western culture.
First and foremost, the equality between parents and children. The parents are not always
superior to their children, and the children do not always need to obey their parents' orders, that is , they are more like close friends.
Second, the independent personality. Western people have a strong sense of supporting
themselves and being independent. They begin earning their pocket money early in their life, even as kids.
Last, Western people do not always assess a person according to his background. If only he can achieve success through personal struggle, he can win status. It's a talent-oriented society, not 7
All the above mentioned are what I admire in the Western culture and what I think we Chinese should learn.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Campus Life. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese) below:
Early in senior high school, we longed to be enrolled in a university. Now the dream has come true. But how do we college students like our campus life?
Certainly, some relish it, finding it colorful and rewarding. Besides study, they spend considerable amount of time improving themselves in various aspects. Yet others do not think much of their college life, thus do not benefit as much. In their eyes, the university is just a bigger high school. The only difference is that they have more time at their disposal without parents looking over their shoulder.
As to me, college life is ideal if only I have abundant books to read, some bosom friends to keep me company, a couple of conscientious professors to instruct me, and an easy access to the Internet.
For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My Opinion on Advertisement. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:
Some people hold the idea that the advertisement is a necessary evil in modern life. What do you think?
My Opinion on Advertisement
As is known to all, angels and evils are poles apart. But is there anything that combines the two perfectly? Sure there is the advertisement.
With the growing influence of mass media, advertising invades every aspect of our lives. Whenever we turn on the TV, look through a newspaper, open the mailbox, or surf on the Internet, advertisements would immediately jump into our sight. As they make things so attractive, we
often end up buying things that we do not really need. Advertising not only adds to the price of the goods, thus harming the consumer's interest, but also imposes a kind of materialistic value upon the audience.
But that is only part of the story advertisements are informative as well as persuasive. They provide us with up-to-date information about the latest products. Some advertisements are so elegantly presented that they are enjoyable and some are so innovative or full of affection that we are inspired or ever moved.
No matter it is an evil or an angel. Advertisement has become an indispensable part of our modern life.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: What Does Friendship Mean? You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the online (given in Chinese) below:
What does friendship mean? There is no definite answer. An eternal theme in literature, friendship is also indispensable in daily life.
Friendship is to our life what salt is to dishes. When you are happy, friendship is just like adding flowers on the brocades; when you are sad, friendship is a dose of consolation; if you are in trouble, friends will surround you and remove the barriers for you; if you have a hard nut to crack, you can turn to friends for help. We admire the great friendship between Marx and Engels, 9
which firmly combined them and pushed them forward on the road to exploring and fulfilling Communism.
Friendship isn't almighty, but no one can live happily without it.
On Overseas Study
With the deepening of reform and opening-up of our country. Many people dream of going abroad for further study. They insist that the modern research facilities, world famous professors and excellent environment in those foreign college and universities can help lay a perfect foundation for their future development.
However, there are still many people who favor studying at home. They argue that studying abroad is too expensive and therefore doesn't pay. They also point out that there are no language and cultural barriers if they study in our country.
Just as the old saying goes, “Every advantage has its disadvantage.” Both opinions are acceptable in some sense. If students have the chance and financial resources, they should seize the opportunity to go abroad and broaden their eyes. On the other hand, if conditions don't permit, they can pursue their studies in top universities at home. What counts is not the place where they study, but what they can learn.
Private tutoring is "in"
A recent investigation shows that about 80 percent of pupils have private tutors.
Such a popular practice indicates that people are attaching greater importance to education. Many parents, for various reasons, missed the chance of obtaining a good education. When their children meet with difficulties in study, they are helpless. Private tutoring is the only solution. As private tutoring is usually one-to-one. The teacher knows the strong points as well as the weak points of the pupil, clearly.
However, private tutoring has its own disadvantages. For one thing, it takes up so much of the pupils time that they can hardly find enough time for rest and entertainment. Which are essential for their physical and mental health. For another, some teachers, busy "shuttling" from one family to another, tend to neglect their regular teaching duties. What's more, some teachers are eager to help pupils do well in the test, offering the so-called tips for test-tasking rather than help them acquire what is more meaningful.
Generally speaking, its disadvantages outweigh its advantages. Greater emphasis should be laid on classroom teaching and practice, on the improvement of teaching quality and on the tapping of the pupils' potentials. Only in this way can a new generation be healthily brought up. Drection: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic City Problems. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Nowadays, millions of migrant workers flock into cities in search of jobs and better living. However, with the sharp rise in the urban population, many problems arise in the development of cities.
Firstly, cities become more and more crowded, putting much pressure upon transportation, housing, sanitation, education, employment and so on. City services and facilities have been strained to a breaking point.
Secondly, a growing number of private cars emit huge amount of carbon dioxide, leaving the air mercilessly polluted. What is more, the city is also threatened by rising crime. Not a single day 11
passes without the report of someone being robbed, kidnapped or murdered. Last but not least, city-dwellers are not only separated from the natural world but also isolated from each other, even not knowing the name of their next-door neighbor.
All these problems have harmed the attractiveness of the city. Unless there is some improvement, more and more people may seek to live in the suburbs.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Cars and Air Pollution. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese)below:
Cars and Air Pollution
Too many cars have created a lot of serious problems in our world. Besides congestion, accidents and fast consumption, cars are responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. All the time, they are pumping huge amounts of waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases are very harmful, causing disease and even death.
One possible solution is to design and develop clean cars and clean fuels. In Shanghai, some of the public buses begin to run on petrol. But it may take decades for the new models of clean cars to completely replace the traditional ones.
Another solution is to develop modern public transportation systems and restrict the use of private cars. If the price of petrol rises constantly and the public vehicles are efficient and convenient enough, most people will not buy private cars. And the total number of cars in big cities will reduce greatly.
On the whole, the elimination of air pollution needs the collective efforts from the government, the public and the environmentalists.
Overseas Study at an Early Age
Nowadays more and more parents are eager to send their children to study abroad before they finish high school by whatever means and at whatever cost.
It is quite understandable for parents to send their children to study overseas because they place high expectations on their children. They are encouraged by the success stories of those who have completed their overseas study. With the development of economy, companies and institutions at home are giving more and more emphasis on overseas experiences, too.
Consequently, pursuing overseas study became a kind of short cut in gaining a better future.
Moreover, there is still one underlying reason for this rush- economic reason. The rapid economic progress in the past few years in China has enabled more and more parents to afford the huge cost for their children’s overseas study.
As for me, overseas study is surely a helpful way to get both advanced knowledge and
necessary experiences, but overseas study at an early age is neither necessary nor beneficial. The students may be too young to either tend for themselves or think for themselves. I do think that overseas study can contribute to one’s self-improvement, but it’s better to be pursued after one has finished his college study at home, when he is more capable of learning and living on his own.