考研英语(二)必背十大作文范文

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2022.11.13

一、写作A节:预测:60%考书信、备忘录、报告;40%考摘要

(一)书信/备忘录/报告:

1.最新大纲样题:道歉+建议信

Directions:

You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to

1)make an apology,

2)suggest a solution。

Dear Bob,

I’m writing to apologize for having forgotten to return the “the Beatles” CD to you when I left Canada. I was in such a hurry that I packed everything in my luggage without checking carefully. Had I paid more attention then, I wouldn’t have made such a stupid mistake。

Now something must be done to solve the problem because I understand you cherish the CD enormously. I can either send it to you by express mail or alternatively compensate you at a reasonable price. If you do not mind, I may bring it back to you next time I go to Canada。

Please let me know which solution you prefer at your earliest convenience. I really hope you will accept my sincere apology。

Faithfully yours,

Li Ming

2.投诉信:

Directions:

You live in a room in college which you share with another student. You find it very difficult to work there because your roommate always has friends visiting and has parties in the room。

Write a letter to the Accommodation Officer at the college and ask for a new room next term. You would prefer a single room. Explain your reasons。

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to express dissatisfaction regarding accommodation. I would prefer to move into a single room next semester, as I find the present sharing arrangement inconvenient。

I must explain that the reason for my dissatisfaction is my roommate’s inconsiderate behavior. For one thing, his friends are constantly visiting him; for another, he regularly holds noisy parties。

To solve this problem, I hope to draw the attention of the authorities concerned. I am sure you will agree that the only solution for me is to move into a room of my own. Therefore, I would be grateful if you could find a single room for me, preferably not in the same building but as near to the college campus as possible。

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

3.感谢信:

Directions:

After being involved in an accident, you were looked after by Mr. Shakespeare. Write a special letter to express your thanks。

Dear Mr. Shakespeare,

I am writing to express my heartfelt gratitude. I am referring to that unfortunate accident the other day, when I was knocked off my bike by a taxi。

If it had not been for your timely assistance in giving me first aid, I fear that the consequences might have been much serious. Everyone agrees that it was your quick-witted response in that emergency that has led to this satisfactory outcome。

Although nowadays people in mounting numbers talk about the need to be unselfish, we see very few people practice what they preach. If there were more people like you, this world would be a much nicer place。

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

4.备忘录/报告:

Directions:

You are the president of a company. Write a memo to Percy Shelley, the vice-president on the employee’s training on computer, telling him the need to train the employees, detailed information, and ask him to write a plan。

Date:January 9, 2010

To:Percy Shelley, Vice President

From:Li Ming, President

Subject:Computer Training of the Staff

As we discussed earlier this week, I agree with you that our firm is faced up with problem of the high rate of computer illiteracy of the staff. We need to make up a plan for training our employees in the new field。

I would like you to design our own in-house computer-training program. We had better classify the employees and put them through the program in turn。

Write up a brief proposal, describing what you think the program should cover. Assume the class runs four hours a week for ten weeks. Also, assume people have no prior computer knowledge or any formal course work in computer science.

(二)摘要:最新大纲样题:经济类

Directions: Read the following Chinese text and write an abstract of it in 80-100 English words on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points)

经济全球化的主要原因

20世纪50年代初以来,经济全球化获得迅猛发展。简单归纳,其原因主要包括以下几个方面: 全球化的技术基础。科技进步为全球化快速发展提供了物质基础和技术手段。科技革命是经济全球化发展的最根本的物质基础和动力,历史上历次科技革命都促进了社会生产力的飞跃发展,同时也促进了整个世界的融合。20世纪50年代以电子技术和信息技术等为主要标志的新的科技革命的兴起,使科技日益成为社会生产力发展的先导,成为影响生产力发展的至关重要的因素。科技知识在社会生产的各个领域中得到广泛传播和运用,劳动者的智能和技能得到进一步的开发,创造出越来越多的物质和精神财富,极大地促进了世界生产力的发展,生产社会化程度日益提高,国际分工日益深化,各国经济以此为基础紧密相联,世界经济进入一个全新的繁荣时期。同时,新科技革命使得科技成果积累的速度大大加快,新材料、新产品不断涌现,大量高技术产业不断产生,在世界范围内促进了产业结构的调整和转移,新的产业布局开始形成,以信息技术和产业为主导,以高新技术为基础的新兴产业部门也蓬勃兴起并迅速发展,快速取代了传统产业而逐渐成为经济的主导部门推进的重要动力源。

全球化的经济基础。市场经济体制的强势地位不断增强,跨国公司的突飞发展,国际经济组织的不断完善为经济全球化奠定了坚实的经济基础。

首先,市场经济体制成为世界各国发展经济的首选。20世纪80年代末至90年代初,世界形势发生了重大变化,东欧剧变,苏联解体, 40多年的冷战格局最终结束。冷战结束后,国际形势总体上走向缓和。各国纷纷把发展经济列为首要目标,普遍扩大了对外开放,和平与发展成为当今时代的两大主题。前苏联和东欧国家先后走上了向市场经济过渡的轨道,改行自由市场经济,并积极致力于融入西方经济体系。中国在长期的实践中,也逐渐认识到计划经济的不足和弊端,自19xx年起开始实行以市场为导向的、全面的经济改革,大力推行对外开放,努力实现同世界经济的接轨,目前已成为世界经济的重要组成部分。这一切都说明,市场经济体制已成为不同制度、不同发展层次国家的共同选择,市场经济已基本实现了全球化,经济全球化是以市场为基础的,没有市场经济就没有生产要素在国际间的自由流动,就谈不上经济全球化。

其次,力量不断壮大的跨国公司成为经济全球化的中坚力量。跨国公司是以本国作为基地,通过对外直接投资,在世界各地设立分支机构和子公司,从事国际化生产和经营的企业。跨国公司凭

借其雄厚的经济实力和灵活的经营战略,以全球为工厂,以它所在的各个国家为车间,在全球范围内充分利用各地的优势组织生产和流通,通过自己广泛的经营活动,实现了商品和资本等生产要素在全球范围内的整合,促进了生产在国家间的水平分工和垂直分工,使之密切联系在一起,从而为经济全球化的发展打下了坚实的微观基础,并成为经济全球化的主要推动力量和主要载体。

最后,国际经济组织是经济全球化发展的组织保障。二战结束以后,生产力的不断提高,生产力的国际化使得越来越多的商品、资本、劳动进入国际交流。各国的国际分工和相互依赖性不断增强。这种日益增强的经济联系要求突破原有的国家间的障碍,实现全球范围内的更高层次的经济合作,这就要求有超脱于国家之外的国际经济组织发挥重要作用。战后,国际经济日益明显,国际经济协作不断加强。在当今国际经济关系中,世行、世贸组织、国际货币基金组织等世界性经济组织的调节作用越来越大,而且还出现出进一步增强的趋势。世贸组织(WTO)所制定的关于贸易、投资等方面的制度和规则,成为规范全球经济运行,创造自由、公平竞争环境的统一制度和规则,作为世界金融领域的重要国际组织,即国际货币基金组织(IMF)和世界银行(WB)也在国际金融全球化进程中扮演了重要的角色。这些国际经济组织的成立使得国际贸易和国际金融运行有了统一的规则,对成员国的经贸活动和经济行为起着协调和规范作用。这些都为经济全球化的发展起着制度保障作用。(1590字)

参考范文:

Fundamental Causes of Economic Globalization

Economic globalization has been progressing rapidly since the beginning of the 1950s. Several factors have contributed to such development. Firstly, advancements in science and technology have offered a technical foundation by providing the material basis and the technical means. Meanwhile, a solid economic foundation for such a globalization has been laid by the market economy which is prevailing over the world. Others factors include the pillaring and propelling role of multinationals in micro-economic operations, the ever growing coordinating and controlling power and function exercised by such international economic organizations as WTO, IMF and WB in the international trade and finance。(100 words)

二、写作B节:预测:70%考图表作文,30%考情景作文、图画作文或提纲作文

(一)图表作文:

1.最新大纲样题:交通问题

Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following table, in which you should

1) describe the table and

2) state your opinions drawn from it。

You should write at least 150 English words. (15 points )

Accidents in a Chinese City (2005)

Main accident causes

number of accidents in 2005

percentage rise(+) or fall (-) over 2004

1. drivers turning left without due care

608

+10%

2. drivers traveling too close to other vehicles

411

+9%

3. pedestrians crossing roads carelessly

401

+12%

4. drivers driving under the influence of alcohol

281

+15%

5. drivers failing to give a signal

264

-5%

The table above clearly reflects the statistics of traffic accidents happening in a Chinese city. According to the table, in 2005, the traffic accidents in the Chinese city still failed to arouse concerns of both drivers and pedestrians。

The number of accidents that resulted from drivers turning left without due care increased 10 percent to 608, which is highlighted on the first row of the table. Accidents related drivers driving under the influence of alcohol enjoyed the greatest rise, a 15 percent rise. In comparison, those pedestrians who cross roads carelessly also led to 401 accidents. By analyzing these factors displayed in the diagram, we may draw the conclusion that both drivers and pedestrians have little respect for traffic regulations。

As has been mentioned above, countermeasures should be taken immediately so as to reverse the grim situation. First of all, relevant laws and regulations should be

established to severely punish those who violate traffic rules openly, be they drivers or pedestrians. Furthermore, a widespread education campaign should be launched to inform citizens that proper rules for them are of benefit to public safety. Only by doing so can we exist in a harmonious and disciplined society. (196 words)

2.教育问题

Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following diagram. Describe the diagram and analyze the possible causes. You should write at least 150 words。

(图表略)

1998-20xx年全国工程硕士招生录取人数

工程硕士:Master of Engineering

The diagram above clearly illustrates that dramatic elevation has occurred in the recruitment of Master of Engineering (ME) in the past seven years. According to the

statistics given above, we may conclude that the recruitment of ME was on a steady rise from 1998 to 2004. In 1998, the number was at a low level, only about 2,500. Surprisingly, it reached to more than 35,000 in 2004 within no more than seven years。

Some driving factors that contribute to the above-mentioned changes may be summarized as follows. First and foremost, China has become particularly active in manufacturing, which leads to the increasing demand of qualified engineers. In addition, the development of job market on the whole cannot keep pace with the expansion of college graduates, which obliges a large number of students to stay on campus for another three years to get better prepared for their career. Last but not least, working pressure is another reason. Taking all these factors into account, we may predict that with speedy development of our society, the number of recruitment of ME will keep growing in the forthcoming decade。

On the other side of the coin, however, this tendency may bring about a good many problems, such as the waste of talent. It is necessary for us to take effective measures to ensure this situation doesn’t get out of hand, and encourage students to choose majors in which theoretical knowledge and practical skills will be demanded in the job market. (246 words)

3.旅游问题:

Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following chart, in which you should

1) describe the chart and

2) state your opinions drawn from it。

You should write at least 150 English words。

(图表略)

The Increase in the Number of Chinese Traveling Abroad

As can be clearly observed from the chart above, the trend of Chinese traveling abroad is going up these years. In the past three years, the number of Chinese traveling abroad was on a steady rise. According to the chart, the number increased from 7.5 million in 1999 to 10 in 2000 and to 12.1 million in 2001.

I assume that there are at least three main/primary/fundamental reasons/causes/factors accounting for the above mentioned changes. First and foremost, the changes are primarily concerned with the income of Chinese. They are better off and can afford to travel abroad. What’s more, they have a lot to do with the development of the travel industry in China. Travel agencies in growing/increasing/expanding/mounting numbers are attracting more people to join in their tours abroad. Last but no the least, the changes are closely related to our policy of opening up to the outside world。

From what has been discussed so far, it is obvious that the rise in the number of Chinese traveling abroad is of great concern to our life. It reflects the improvement of our living standards and the development of our economy. (190 words)

(二)情景作文:科技问题

Directions: It is known that text message(手机短信)has both advantages and

disadvantages. Some people think it is a blessing, while others regard it as a hell. In this section, you are asked to write an essay on text messaging. You can take either stand and provide specific reasons and examples to support your idea. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET。

In the new millennium, text message is set to become an essential feature of

individuals’ life. It comes no surprise that a vast majority of people are indulged in sending and receiving short message, considering the great pleasure and convenience it brings about. Still, there are some others viewing text message as a curse of modern life, for it cause extra waste and do harm to our health。

Text messaging, as a means of communication, shortens the distance between people, which, many believe, is one of its apparent advantages. By sending regards to them via short message, we can not only maintain contact with our friends and relatives, but share pleasure with them as well. Another benefit obtained from text message is the convenience for people to keep up with the latest information they need whatever they go and whatever they do. For instance, a large number of people have subscribed to various short-message services ranging from weather forecast to fashion news and enjoy them very much. Accordingly, with text message people’s daily life will be greatly enriched。

Truly, apart from those benefits, text messaging might have its drawbacks. But it is my view that its negative impacts depend, to a large extent, on how it is used. As a consequence, if we make proper use of it, short message will never do us more harm than good. (228 words)

(三)图画作文:环境问题

Directions:

A. Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay in at least 150words。

B. Your essay must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET2.

C. Your essay should meet the requirements below:

1. Describe the pictures。

2. Deduce the purpose of the painter of the pictures。

3. Suggest counter measures。

(图画略)

As is symbolically portrayed in the pictures, with the speedy social and economic development, the number of fishes has sharply decreased. In one picture, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 1900. On the contrary, in 1995 there was only one fish, but many fishing-boats。

The purpose of the pictures is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the decline of ocean resources. Owing to over-fishing, the number of fishes has obviously shrunk. If we let this situation go as it is, we do not know where fish will be in the forthcoming future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great destruction。

Hence, it is imperative/necessary for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to make strict laws and regulations to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the awareness of people that the ocean resources are vital to us. Only in this way can we protect our ocean resources. Also I reckon that we humans can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a brighter future。

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