绝对化论证例文

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2022.5.25

绝对化论证例文:

06.01.07

Some people believe they should keep all the money they have earned and should not pay tax to the state. Do you agree or disagree?

In recent years, growing numbers of countries have suffered from a serious shortage of tax revenue. Under such circumstances, however, many experts believe that citizens should be allowed to preserve all the money they have managed to earn at work with no salaries contributed to a country. I am, nevertheless, not convinced by this view.

背景:观点的反写

专家观点:题目同义改写

我的意见:站稳立场,不必解释原因

Admittedly, it is understandable some reasons behind people’s unwillingness to pay taxes. As the economy is still slowing down worldwide, most ordinary citizens have witnessed a dramatic plunge of their disposable incomes as salaries are cut substantially. To make the situation even worse, living costs in many cities have been rising with prices of things from fruits to houses reaching higher levels than ever. Therefore, some impoverished men and women would sincerely hope their incomes can be used to make live much better rather than pay for expenditure of the administration.

简单分析下为什么有不想交税这种说法:经济不景气—收入下跌—生活成本在涨—很多人希望省电钱活得更好—而不是贡献给国家。

Despite the facts presented above, the lack of money would impose significant threats to governments and ultimately the entire society. After all, the maintenance of many important sectors such as public health and police force requires uninterrupted funds from the administration. Without the government paying salaries to doctors and police men and women, few people are likely to be willing to devote themselves whole-heartedly to the pursuit of criminals and the treatment of patients. As the result, it is citizens who would turn out to be victims in a chaotic society.

反驳:这个想法不行,因为如果这么做了就有麻烦。具体神马麻烦:

1. 医生的例子,警察例子

医疗领域—医生(警察)—病人(罪犯)-如果(纳税人)不交税=这部分服务没有了(概念从大到小),再回到社会,使得社会充满会乱。(反作用于人,强调人要不交税,最后倒霉的是人自己)

警察也是:依葫芦画瓢

因为公众卫生和警力维持都要国家不断给钱,如果不给医生和警察,就没有人愿意追逐罪犯,或者治疗病。,

In conclusion, my stance is that paying taxes shall be the responsibility of each citizen. At the same time, however, the administration must take the living conditions of taxpayers into account and relieve the financial burden of the lower and middle class.

结尾是一个解决方案:政府既然收税,怎么收才最合理。

12.02.09 全球化 ≈ 12.01.07

The spread of multinational companies and the resulting increase of globalization produce positive effects to everyone. Do you agree or disagree?

In recent years, growing numbers of international companies have extended their reach to almost every corner of the world. Under such circumstances, therefore, some experts believe that the ongoing trend of globalization will turn out to be positive for each citizen. I am, nevertheless, not convinced by this view.

Admittedly, the development of multinational companies would indeed be beneficial for some people. Executives, for example, are able to witness a much faster growth of their companies because they can take advantage of both inexpensive labor force and cheap natural resources in many developing countries to produce their products in a much cheaper manner. At the same time, it is also possible for companies to enhance their cooperation with local agents and help increase sales in countries such as India and China, where the dramatic economic growth has nurtured growing numbers of youngsters with strong purchasing power.

特殊场景:对公司有好处-对老板有好处

什么?为什么?

Despite the facts presented above, the indiscriminate expansion of major companies everywhere is far from being helpful universally. In part due to the nature of multinationals(因为跨国公司的本性), their local branches would always hope maximize their profits as larger market shares are grasped. (跨国公司当地的子公司,希望在更多的市场份额被抓住的时候,把利润扩展到最大)Under such circumstances, it is inevitable that many local companies, which suffer from the lack of technologies and funds, would have no choice but to close their doors and lay off workers because their inability to compete against foreign counterparts and win. To make the situation even worse, (使得情况更糟糕的是)many foreign companies would intentionally relocate assemble lines of toxic products into developing countries, leading to chronic poisoning of local residents.(有毒产品生生产线,移到发展中国家,导致当地人慢性中毒)-对人有坏处2

比较当中得出答案:跨国企业来势汹汹,本土企业缺资金缺技术,结果本地企业就败了,导致大量工人失业(对人有坏处1)

前后之间的桥段非常清晰。过程—什么人被害,怎么被害,就说明,跨国公司的扩展不是对所有人都有好处。

In conclusion, my stance is that countries should always welcome the inflow of foreign capital. At the same time, however, they should also help local companies to enhance their competitive edge in order to make them stronger in the middle of fierce competition.

有好处的部分要肯定,没好处的部分,要解决。

In recent years, the dramatic development of digital media has make children become influenced increasingly by commercials aiming at them. Under such circumstances, however, some experts believe such advertisements should be outlawed because they have extremely negative impacts on kids. I am, nevertheless, not convinced by this view.

广告,不同意:让步段—有些广告要被禁止,但另外一些要被鼓励。 Admittedly, some advertisements with the intention to sell harmful products to children【定语给广告设定属性,什么样的广告,为下面论证做铺垫,卖有害产品给孩子的广告】 should indeed be prevented from being broadcasted. After all,

【什么广告?怎么有害?有害就是禁止它的理由】children and teenagers are still too young to tell the difference between right and wrong.=背景A孩子不能明辨是非 The overexposure to the influence of commercials promoting junk food and online games, for example, would make many children become addicted to those products. =过程B 举例什么广告,怎么毒害孩子(过程)Instead of realizing how much their physical and mental states would be adversely affected, some teenagers would believe eating humbuggers or wasting huge sums of time in the virtual world as cool trends rather than terrible habits. =结果C (影响)

Despite the facts presented above, it is by no means to claim that 承认坏的要禁止,commercials for the benefit of the younger generation shall also be banned.(但绝对不是说好的也要禁止)什么样的广告,有什么积极作用。 Many advertisements actually play a very important role in fostering many critical moral values.(有些广告有积极作用) The protection of environment and respect for the elder generation, for example, are concepts which cannot be easily understood by young boys and girls without the use of images or even animations. 公益广告。At the same time, some toys that are safe and able to help the development of children’s intelligence shall

also be permitted to show because the money generated by them can be used by TV stations to produce documentaries and cartoons to further educate the younger generation. (对孩子健康的广告-给电视台创造收入-还能再创造对孩子有好处的节目)

In conclusion, my stance is that commercials should be used by TV stations properly in order to help the younger generation. Under such circumstances, they should not be stopped from helping children positively.

解决方案:合理利用广告,好的广告要发挥积极作用。

Some people think young people should be required to stay in full time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Agree. 同意也可以写让步段:写可以理解有人不那么想,但是实际上不行(在反驳段说明不可行)

In recent years, the basic education of children and teenagers has been highly emphasized by many experts. Therefore, some of them believe that the younger generation should be required to stay in schools until 18 years old. I do agree with this view.

Admittedly, as the economy is slowing down, many poor families are impoverished and thus cannot pay for the tuitions of their children in primary or middle schools. In such cases, it is indeed understandable that some custodians would hope that their boys and girls can get jobs or married with a wealthy couple in order to get rid of poverty rather than keep on investing the education.

解释为什么有人不想让他们的孩子上学的原因—经济衰退—穷人供不起小孩读书—想让他们工作,或者嫁人—而不是投资教育。

Despite the facts presented above, it is by no means to claim that teenagers’ right to get elementary and middle school education should be deprived. After all, kids and teenagers are still so young that they cannot tell the difference between right and wrong. At the same time, unfortunately, their parents are intensively busy and therefore have almost no time to provide them with guidance and supervision. Under such circumstances, therefore, it is not surprising that the best way to prevent them from wasting of their precious time on playing online games or even being misled by chaotic views in the society is to put them under the watch of experienced teachers until they reach their adulthood. In this way, students are able to not only acquire essential knowledge which lays down a solid foundation for their future career development but also lower their chances of committing crimes.

In conclusion, my stance is that the education of younger generation is key to the development and long-term prosperity for all nations worldwide. That is why the administration shall provide funds in order to make sure that no child is left behind.

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