初中英语课外辅导计划

来源:m.fanwen118.com时间:2022.6.24

初中英语课外辅导

英语新课程提倡任务型教学模式,主张让学生在教师指导下,通过感知、体验、实践、参与和合作等方式,实现任务的目标,感受成功。课外辅导作为英语教学的一种形式,符合新课程的目标和要求,成为构建任务型教学模式的有效载体。

一、英语课外辅导的指导原则

新课程强调语言学习是一个积极的动态过程,学生要学会用英语做事情,并在做事情的过程中发展语言能力、思维能力以及交流与合作的能力。因此英语课外活动应以学生的兴趣为出发点,充分发挥学生学习的主体性和主动性,鼓励他

们在集体活动中,通过互动、互助等方式解决日常学习中难以独立解决的问题。 坚持课外辅导与课堂教学配合,为全面完成教学任务服务。活动内容融知识性、趣味性、思想性于一体。活动以学生的生活经验和学习兴趣为出发点,设计的任务内容真实、自然,符合学生的生理、心理及年龄特点。活动过程遵循认知规律和语言学习规律,以学生的语言实践为主,把课外活动真正变成语言学习的第二课堂。重视学生个体差异,控制活动的难易度。使优生和后进生都有展示自我的机会,通过活动使他们充实知识、发展能力,从而提高活动的参与面。注意培养学生的创新精神和创新能力,任务设计有启发性和创造性。教师起指导作用。

二、初中英语课外辅导具体实施

1、整体规划,合理安排

为确保课外辅导的目的性和计划性,教师在学期初制订教学计划的同时制订课外辅导计划。课外辅导计划包括两方面:一是结合教材内容和教学进度,制订整体课外活动计划。内容包括每次活动的主题、活动目的、活动内容、活动形式、活动规则以及具体活动时间、地点、参加人数等,并在学期初公布给学生,让他们早作准备。二是课外小组的活动计划。课外小组一般挑选英语兴趣高、成绩较好的学生参加,成员不固定,可根据学生的期中、期末成绩临时变动。这样不仅使参加者产生“危机感”,还可调动其他同学的积极性,增强他们的竞争意识。活动时间基本上每周一次,每次一节课左右。活动内容除必要的课外辅导,还可穿插一些层次较高的英语游戏、竞赛、智力测验等,以丰富小组活动的内容。

2、尊重主体,充分准备

为保证每次活动的质量,教师首先必须做好充分的准备,制订详细的活动计划。要备齐活动所需的材料,制定出活动的规则、评价标准及奖励办法等,同时还应设想活动中可能出现的问题及解决办法。在此基础上设计活动程序,编排活动方案。其次,活动的主体是学生,学生活动中的表现成功与否很大程度上取决于其活动前的准备工作。不同形式的活动,对学生提出不同的准备要求。如:表演性质的活动,教师告知主题和要求,然后要求学生组成表演小组,并根据主题要求及相关语言材料动手编写剧本、组织台词、分配角色、自己组织排练;对于实践性质的课外活动,只告诉学生活动的主题,要求学生熟悉与某些话题相关的词汇及表达方式即可。准备阶段虽不是活动的主体,但学生为能成功地参与活动,就必须认真准备,这本身也是一种学习、提高的过程。有些准备活动需动口(记忆、背诵、言语交流),有些则需动笔(编写剧本)或动手(制作道具),这无疑对学生综合能力的提高大有裨益。

3、精心组织,寓教于乐

课外辅导作为课堂教学的辅助形式,应和课堂教学紧密联系,但又不是课堂教学的简单重复。否则,课外活动便失去了意义。因此,我们在安排英语课外活动时,必须教学内容、学校实际和学生的年龄特点及知识水平等选用切实可行的方法与形式,有组织、有计划、有目的地开展各类课外活动。英语课外活动形式很多,但我们应该选用那些适合于学生年龄特点和知识水平,生动活泼,简单明了,能寓教于乐的活动形式。如:英语朗读比赛,我们就以课本所学课文为内容,要求学生按一定的语音规则去朗读,参加人数不限,可自愿报名。可以组织学生评委进行评分,这种活动对培养和提高学生的语音能力大有益处。再如,英文小报制作比赛。可以要求学生人人参加,比赛前必须向学生们宣布制作要求,包括纸张大小、小报内容、版面设计及交稿时间和评分标准,开展这种活动既可巩固学生课堂所学知识,又可增长学生的见闻,同时培养学生的动手能力。此外,还可以开展"英语游园会"、"英语歌唱比赛"等活动。这些活动既可调动学生的参与积极性,又无须花过多时间去准备,而且能达到寓教于乐的效果。对于一些有难度的课外活动,如“英语智力竞赛”,可仅在课外小组同学中进行,并邀请其他同学观摩:整个竞赛分为必答和抢答两部分,内容有:猜谜,趣味问答、听力测试等,活动过程中气氛活跃,学生们积极思维,争先恐后答题,效果良好。

4、及时评价,讲求实效

每次活动开展之后,首先及时核算成绩,评出奖次,公布获奖名单,以示鼓励。然后再由教师或评委认真总结,肯定成绩,指出存在的问题,分析原因,纠正错误,提出今后努力方向。此外,教师自己还应对本次活动开展情况进行认真的书面小结,总结经验教训,提出今后改进办法,以便将来更好地开展此类活动。对参赛者的获奖作品要及时张贴。做到善始善终。


第二篇:初中英语辅导 33700字

初中英语辅导:初中英语典型例题

例1. Tom, Lucy and Kate______ a good teacher.

A. has B. have C. there is D. there are

分析与解答:B。表示"某人拥有什么"用have (has)。

例2. 句型转换

1) It's Monday today. (对划线部分提问)

分析与解答:What day is it today? 或 What day is today?

对星期几提问,用what day开头,后面接一般疑问句的语序,去掉被问部分。

2) She has a new kite.(改为一般疑问句)

分析与解答:Does she have a new kite?

has在句中表示"有"时,变为一般疑问句,若用助动词does,原主语后的has应还原为have。 例3. 找出句中的错误并改正。

You can borrow my bike, but please give back it soon.

分析与解答:give…back意思是"还回,归还"。back是副词,当宾语是名词时,宾语放在back前后均可。当宾语是代词时,宾语只能放在back之前。答案是将give back it改为give it back。

例4. 用划线部分的反义词填空。

The shop isn't open. It's______.

分析与解答:open在这里形容词,意思是"开放着,营业的",其反义词是closed"关着的"。答案是closed。

例5. 用适当的介词填空。

I'm not good ____ English. Can you help me ____ my English?

分析与解答:本题考查介词的使用。be good at意思是"擅长",help sb. with sb.意思是"在某方面帮助某人"。答案是at…with。

错中求知

安安上课走神,结果写了八个句子,个个都有错。我们来试着改一改,再看看老师的分析。

1.误:How about to play football?

正:How about _________ football right now?

析:How about/ What about意为"……怎么样",用来询问情况或征求意见,其中about为介词,后面应加名词、代词或V+ ing形式。

2.误:Jim often helps me in English.

正:Jim often helps me _______ English.

析:"帮助某人做某事"常用"help sb. with + 名词"或"help sb. (to) do sth."这两个句型。

3.误:They think maths are very hard.

正:They think maths _______ very hard.

析:maths虽然以s结尾,但它是学科名称,作主语时谓语动词用单数形式。

4.误:-Do you have a ruler? -Yes, I have.

正:-Do you have a ruler? -Yes, I _______.

析:以助动词do/ does开头的疑问句,其简略答语仍用do或does.

5.误:All us work very hard.

误:All we work very hard.

正:_______ work very hard. 或We ________ work very hard.

析:all后面不能直接跟人称代词,可放在主语后面,作同位语;若要后接人称代词宾格时,则需用all of短语。

6.误:You can borrow him a pen.

正:You can borrow _________ _________.

析:表示"向某人借某物"时,用"borrow sth. from sb.",borrow的宾语只能是表示物的词语。

7.误:The shop isn't open in this morning.

正:The shop isn't open this morning.

析:如果时间名词前面有this, that, next等词修饰时,其前面不再使用介词。如See you next Monday.

补全对话

Alice画图时需要用尺子,她向Bruce借用一下尺子。你会用英语帮她们借东西吗? Alice : ____________________________________ a ruler?

Bruce : Yes, I do.

Alice : _________________________________________?

Bruce : Certainly. Here you are.

Alice : _________________________________.

Bruce : You're welcome.

解析:

英语和汉语在借东西方面有相似之处,首先要问对方有没有此物:"Do you have …?",如果对方回答是肯定的,再向对方提出借东西的请求:"May I borrow …?",当对方把东西借给你时,你要向对方表示感谢?quot;Thanks a lot." 等等。

May I borrow … ? 是一种客气的语气。有些同学喜欢用:" Can I borrow …?"。从语法上讲这样的提问也没什么错,但是can的语气比较生硬,没有may来得客气与委婉,并且不太符合英语的习惯。

参考答案:

Alice : Do you have

Alice : May I borrow it, please?

Alice : Thanks a lot.

间有两个元音,不符合双写的条件,所以直接加-ing, 即:cooking。

例1 -Where ______ he come?

- He ______ from Beijing.

A. is, is B. do, comes C. does, comes D. do, come

解析 答案C 一般现在时含行为动词的一般疑问句,要在主语前面加助动词do,句中主语为第三人称单数,助动词用does。答句中的谓语动词come,要用其第三人称单数comes。因此本题选C.

例2 Lucy and Lily are two ______. They speak______.

A. Americans, English B. American, English C. America, English D. America, American 解析 答案A 题中两个女孩应是两个美国人,确定为复数形式Americans,而美国人说的是英语English。因此选A项。

例3 Jim can ________ Chinese very well.

A. say B. speak C. talk

分析与解答:say, speak 和talk都可译为"说",但是用法不同。say是及物动词,后须跟宾语,强调说的内容。speak常作不及物动词,作及物动词时,宾语只能是语言。talk是不及物动词,侧重于"相互交谈",常译为"谈话、说话",talk to/with sb.意思是"和某人谈话"。如: Can you say it in English? 你能用英语说吗?

Can you speak French? 你会说法语吗?

My teacher is talking to my father.我的老师在跟我父亲谈话。

答案是B。

例4 Vicky is writing ________ his parents now.

A. to B. at C. in

分析与解答:"给某人写信"译为"write to sb."。答案是A。

例5 填空:根据A句完成B句,原意不变。

1) A: How do you like this bike?

B: What do you ______this bike?

解析 答案 think of.

How do you like...? = What do you think of . . .?,都可用于询问对方对某人、某物或某地方的印象。

2) A: I go to school from Monday to Friday.

B: I'm at school ______ ______ a week.

解析 答案 five days。

从星期一到星期五上学,相当于每周在校读书五天。

例6 情景反应。

-Your English is very good.一___________.

分析与解答:在西方,当别人夸奖或表扬你时,要欣然接受并说Thank you。而在中国,为了表示谦虚,常说自己做得还不够,受之有愧。学习时要注意两种文化的差异。答案是Thank you.

例7用所给动词的适当形式填空。

Our teacher asks us _________(speak) English in class.

分析与解答:ask sb. to do sth. 意思是"要/请某人做某事"。如:

Li Lei asks Jim to teach him English. 李雷要吉姆教他英语。

答案是to speak。

例8 找出句中的错误并改正。

They teach our English.

分析与解答:teach作及物动词讲肘,后须跟双宾语,即teach sb. sth. ,意思是"教某人某事"。sb. 若是代词时,必须使用宾格形式。答案是将our改为us。

例9 找出句中的错误并改正。

He can speak only little Chinese.

分析与解答:a little 意思是"一点儿,一些",用来修饰不可数名词,表示肯定的意思。only little 意思是"只有一点"。答案是把little 改为a little。

例10 找出句中的错误并改正。

The Chinese people is very friendly. (友好)

分析与解答:people表示"人"时是集体名词,无单数形式。the Chinese people 意思是"中国人民"。people作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。当people 表示"民族"时是可数名词,有复数形式。试比较:

There are many people in the room. 房间里有许多人。

There are fifty-six peoples in China. 中国有56个民族。

答案是将is改为are.

1.They teach ______ Chinese.

A. we B. our C. us D. ours

解析:答案:C. teach"教",后面可跟双宾语,其中,"人"作间接宾语,"物"作直接宾语,可用名词或代词宾格充当,其语序为:动词+间宾+直宾。

learn sth. from sb. "向某人学习"from 是介词,后面接名词或代词。如:Li Fen wants to learn French from Miss Zhang.

2. This postcard is _____ Lucy ______ Lily.

A. from…to B. come…to C. from…of D. to…to

解析:词组 "from…to" 是固定搭配,意思是:"从…到"本题意思是"这张名信片是Lucy写给Lily的"答案:A

3.----- Give _____ her knife, please. ----- Which one is_____?

A. she; her

B. her; she C. her; hers D. her; her

解析:"give sb. sth." 的意思是"给某人某物",sb. 如果是代词,要用宾格形式。 "哪个是她的?" 这里的 hers= her knife。 答案是:C

4. One of my friends _______ American.

A. is B. are C. be D. am

解析:答案:A . one of 后面是一个复数名词或复数意义的代词如:one of them, 谓语动词用单数形式,因为主语是 one. 例如:One of the pictures is Tom's. 其中一幅画是汤姆的

5. little 和 a little

我能讲一点英语。

A. I can speak little English.

B. I can speak a little English

解析:答案:B。little和 a little作形容词用时,后面接不可数名词。Little意为"很少, 没有多少",有否定含义。 a little意思是"一点,有一点",有肯定含义。如:

There is only a little milk in the glass. 杯子里只有一点牛奶

I have little time. I must hurry. 我没有时间,我必须快点。

6.我和张华每周上五天学。

A. Zhang Hua and I go to school five days a week.

B. I and Zhang Hua go to school five days a week.

解析:答案:A. 在英语中,当若干个人称代词并列作主语时,其排列顺序一般为:You and I; He/She and I 或He/She , you and I; You, he/she and I等

7. I want to have _______ breakfast.

A. good

B. a good

解析:答案:B. 表示一日三餐的名词通常为不可名词,前面一般不用冠词。但如果这些名词被形容词修饰时,前面常用不定冠词a。如:Do you have a big breakfast? 你早饭吃的很多吗? Have a good breakfast. 早餐吃饱点儿。

例1. 1.He___ at home from Monday to Friday.

2.Do you like ____ housework?

分析与解答:答案为1.C, 2. C

一般现在时中,主语是第三人称单数时候, 其否定句要在动词前加上doesn't,动词改用动词原形。 动词like后面所接词为动词,要么是v.-ing形式,要么是to do 形式。 例2.He likes apples.(用pear构成选择疑问句)

分析与解答:答案为Does he like apples or pears?

首先将肯定句变成一般疑问句语序, 并列的选项间用or连接。

例3.“____?”"It's Wednesday."

A. What's the date today B.What day is it today C.What time it is

分析与解答:这是询问星期的题,A,C中date是日期,答案是B。

例4. “____?”“It's half past four.”

A. What's the time

B. What it is time

C. What time it is

分析与解答:这是询问时刻的题, B,C中的it is 都不是疑问语序,答案是A。 例5.“_____”“It's cloudy.”

A. What weathers is today

B.What's weather today

C.What's the weather like today.

分析与解答:本题考查天气的询问方式,在what引导的句型中,weather前要加the,weather

后面要加介词like.

错中求知

例1找出句中的错误并改正。

The boy doesn't his homework.

分析与解答:本题错在将助动词does与行为动词does混淆了。助动词does是用来构成问句和否定句的,无实意。行为动词does是do的第三人称单数,意思是"做"。它的否定句是doesn't do …,它的一般疑问句是:doesn't… do...?如:

Does he do his housework? 他干家务活了吗?

He doesn't do his housework. 他没有干家务活。

答案是在doesn't 后加一行为动词do。

例2找出句中的错误并改正。

She doesn't like playing basketball and watching TV.

分析与解答:and和or都可以用来连接逐项列举的事物,但and用于肯定句中,or用于否定句中。如:

I like singing and dancing.我喜欢唱歌和跳舞。

The old man can't read or write.这位老人既不会读也不会写。

答案是将and改为or。

例3 找出句中的错误并改正。

He not likes meat at all.

分析与解答:no…at all意思是"一点也不",在句中no要和句中的助动词或连系动词结合起来。答案是将 no likes改为 doesn't like。

动词形式填空

根据句意,用括号内的词的适当形式填空

1. She is from _____(Japanese).

2. What nationality are you? I'm_____(America).

3. Can you speak _____ English? (Australia)

4. We have a lot of ______ all over the world. (friend)

5. Here is a letter from Lily to ______ friend. (she)

6. My grandmother often tells _____ some stories. (I)

7. Lily can speak ______ English. (Britain)

8. Do you have ______ water in the glass? (some)

9. Miss Wang is our _____ teacher. She teaches us very well. (China)

10. He is _____. (England)

答案 l.Japan 2.American 3.Australian 4.friends 5.her(本题使用形容词性物主代词,在原文中的意思是"她的朋友"。)6.me固定搭配"tell sb.sth."中的sb. 应使用宾格形式。)。

7.British(该形容词用来形容修饰名词English。) 8.any(some常用在肯定句中,any经常用在否定句或疑问句中,替代some。)9.Chinese(题中的Chinese teacher指的是"中文老师"。)

10.English(题中的 English表示的是"英国籍的",是形容词在句中作为表语的形式。)

例1. What ____ your sister do? She is a nurse.

分析与解答:A. your sister相当于she,为第三人称单数,助动词用does.

例2.Does Kate like ____ in China?

A.stay B.staying C.to staying D. stays

分析与解答:B. like 后加动词不定式或v-ing形式。C. "to staying "的staying不能加-ing,D为动词三单形式。

例3. My mother works _____ a factory _____ my home.

A.in,at B.in,near C.on,near D. on, at

分析与解答:B.在工厂应该翻译为in a factory,"在我家附近"用near构成短语。 例4.I get up _____ six _____ the morning.

A.at,in B.in, on C. at, on D. on, at

分析与解答:B.在几点钟用介词at,在上午用介词in.

例5.They go to _____ different school.

A.the B./ C.a D. some

分析与解答:C. school 为单数名词且不特指某一学校,不能选A.

错中求知

我们来试着改一改下列句子,再看看分析。

1.误:Kate doesn't her homework.

正:Kate doesn't do her homework.

析:do one's homework的do是实义动词,在含有此类短语的否定句中,不能直接就do构成否定,应该使用助动词don't或者doesn't来完成否定。

2.误:The Japanese people is friendly to us.

正:The Japanese people are friendly to us.

析:The Japanese people作主语时候,谓语动词一般用复数形式。

3.误:We go to work in the morning at eight.

正:We go to work at eight in the morning .

析:在英语中,时间状语应该置于句末,若有两个或者两个以上时间状语,应该按由小到大顺序排列。

5.误:All us work very hard.

误:All we work very hard.

正:_______ work very hard. 或We ________ work very hard.

析:all后面不能直接跟人称代词,可放在主语后面,作同位语;若要后接人称代词宾格时,则需用all of短语。

6.误:You can borrow him a pen.

正:You can borrow _________ _________.

析:表示"向某人借某物"时,用"borrow sth. from sb.",borrow的宾语只能是表示物的词语。

7.误:The shop isn't open in this morning.

正:The shop isn't open this morning.

析:如果时间名词前面有this, that, next等词修饰时,其前面不再使用介词。如See you next Monday.

完形填空练与析

Hello! 同学们,完形填空是英语考试必考的题型之一,你喜欢做吗?下面有一篇完形填空题,你可以试一试,看看自己的解题能力如何。然后再对照后面的分析看看自己是否已经掌握了解题窍门。

This is our classroom. (1) a big room. There are some pictures on the(2) . I sit (3) the window. There(4) forty small desks and chairs in (5) room. The desks and chairs (6) new. This is my desk. . There (7) an English book and a pencil-box on (8) . There are some pencils, a pen, two knives (9) a ruler in (10) .

1. A. This is B. That's C. It's D. Its

2. A. walls B. blackboard C. desks D. floor

3. A. in B. from C. near D. under

4. A. have B. has C. are D. is

5. A. a B. one C. that D. the

6. A. are all B. all are C. are too D. too are

7. A. is B. are C. has D. have

8. A. this B. that C. desk D. it

9. A. or B. and C. with D. but

10. A. them B. it C. that D. the pencil-box

答案与分析:

(-)1.选 C。指代前面已提到过的单数名词时应用 it,而不用this或that。另外It's是It is的缩写,Its是it的物主代词。由于句中缺动词.故选C。

2.选A。通常画只能挂在墙上,另三项不合情理。

3.选C。表示坐在窗户旁的座位上。另三个介词均不能表示一个明确的座位。

4.选C。根据句子结构,应用be动词,故排除A、B两项。由于后面的主语是复数,故填are。

5.选D。用定冠词特指前面已提到过的classroom。

6.选A。由于前面没有讲到别的东西是新的,故这里用too(也)不合文意。通常来讲,all应位于are之后,不能位于之前,故选A。

7.选A。根据句子结构排除C、D两项。There be…结构中如有两个并列主语,则be应与最近的那个主语在数上保持一致。由于这里离空格靠得最近的是单数名词,故填is。

8.选D。it指代前面已提到过的名词my desk。不能用this或that指代。

9.选B。当同时有几个并列成分时,通常用and连接最后两个并列成分。with是介词,不能用作连词。or作为连词通常用于否定句中连接两个并列成分,或用于选择疑问句中,but作为连词表示转折。

10.选D。前面提到了两件东西,即an English book和a pencil-box,如用it则不明确哪

一个。故选D以表示特指。A、C两项不合文意

例1 用适当的介词填空。

I go to school ________ bike.

分析与解答:表示"乘/坐……"时常用"by+交通工具"。如:

by bus 坐公共汽车 by car坐小汽车 by bike骑自行车 by boat坐船 by plan坐飞机 by bike相当于on a bike.

注意用by时,后面无冠词,而用on时,后面有冠词。答案是by。

例2 Kate _______ supper at school.

A. has not B. doesn't has C. doesn't have D. don't has

分析与解答: 答案C have表示"吃"时是行为动词,其否定形式必须在have前面用don't或doesn't,切忌在have/ has后面直接加not。句首主语Kate为第三人称单数,故只能选C。 例3 It's time ______ now.

A. to get up B. for get up C. get up D. at get up

分析与解答: 答案A 句型It's time for +名词,或It's time to+动词原形,选项中get up是动词短语,其前面需带to,因此选A。

例4 Your shoes are dirty. Please __________.

A. take off them B. take them off C. put them on

分析与解答:take off意思是"脱掉衣/帽",它的反义词组是put on。off与on都是副词。当宾语是名词时,宾语放在副词前后均可。当宾语是代词时,宾语只能放在副词之前。 例5 -_______ do you leave home on weekdays?

-At about seven thirty.

A. How B. What time C. What D. How much time

分析与解答: 答案B 答句回答的是时刻,问句询问的应该是时间,对"几点"提问,常用疑问词what time,因此选B。

例6 Han Meimei gets up at six thirty in the morning. (对划线部分提问)

分析和解答:at six thirty意思是"6点半"。对具体钟点提问应用疑问词what time。 答案是:What time does Han Meimei get up in the morning?

例7 找出句中的错误并改正

He likes to do some read in the morning.

分析与解答 动词do可以和许多动词的ing形式搭配构成各种动词短语。如:

do some reading/ writing/ listening/ speaking/ washing/ cleaning阅读/书写/听力/说/洗衣服/大扫除。如:The teacher asks us to do some listening and reading after class. 老师要我们课余做些听力和阅读练习。答案是将read改为reading.

完形填空练与析

It is a fine Sunday morning. Ann and her mother are on a bus. There are __l_ people on it. Some 2 from America, and some 3 England and Canada. They are all 4 friends. They are going to the Great Wall(长城).

5 are two Chinese on the bus. 6 is a woman. She is 7 the bus. The other is a young man. He

____8____ good English. He is now talking ____9___ the Great Wall. The other people are listening to him. They like the Great Wall. They want to see it _____10____.

5. A. They B. Their C. There D. There' re

6. A. That B. This C. The one D. One

7. A. riding B. taking C. driving D. carrying

8. A. speaks B. says C. talks D. listens

9. A. with B. on C. about D. at

10. A. a lot B. lot of C. very D. much

答案与分析:

1.选D。本题是肯定句,句中people是复数名词,应选D。意为"公共汽车上有很多人"。

2.选B。此处的some是主语,相当于some people,代表复数。

3.选C。本题与上题相同,但已省去了动词are,句意是"有些来自英国和加拿大"。表示"来自何处",用介词from,故选C。

4.选D。主语They指车上的很多人,句意是说这些人都是Ann和她母亲的朋友。故应填their。指"Ann和她母亲的"。

5.选C。本题句意是"车上有两个中国人"。表示"某处有",用There be…的句型,故选C。

6.选D。表示"一个是……"用one,由于是第一次出现,故不加定冠词。

7.选C。表示"开车",用动词drive,本题是现在进行时,用driving。

8.选A。speak用来表示讲某种语言。本句主语是第三人称单数,宾语是English,故用speak。

9.选C。talk是不及物动词,talk后接介词about表示"谈论关于……的内容"。

10.选A。本题句意是"他们很想见到它(长城)",在四个选项中,只有a lot可修饰动词,作"非常、很"解释。B项的lot of表达错误。C项的very不能修饰动词,只能修饰形容词或副词原形。D项的much修饰比较级。均应排除。

例题分析

句型转换就划线部分提问

1)Tom gets up at 6:20.

2)My father is doctor.

3)He's seven thirty now.

4)We have sports at five on weekdays.

5)I usually go to school by bike.

策略 完成"就划线部分提问"的句型转换,一般变成一个特殊疑问句。关键应从理解划线部分的意思入手,弄清所要提问的是特殊疑问句中的哪一个:who, what, where, why, whose, which, when, what time, how many, how old, how much等等。然后按照特殊疑问句的常用结构写出该句:wh--般疑问句?

答案 1)What time does Tom get up?

2) What's your father? /What does your father do?

3 )What time is it now? /What's the time now?

4 )What do you do at five on weekdays?

5)How do you usually go to school?

总结 句1)划线处是at 6:30,指具体时间的钟点,因此应用what time这个特殊疑问词组来提问。主语是单数第三人称Tom,应用助动词does,主要动词get用原形,然后加上问号。句2)划线处doctor是表示职业的名词,所以要用询问职业或身份的句型:What do/does主语do?或what's主语?What are主语?句3)询问的是"几点钟了。"句4)就所做了事情提问"干什么"。句5)划线处是介词短语be bike,by bike表示"交通方式"因此应该用How来提问。又如:She sings well就句中的well提问,well是状语修饰动词sing,表示程度,也应用How来构成特殊问句:How does she sing?她唱歌怎么样?

用所给的词组成意义完整的句子。

1)it, time, is, get, Jim, up, to

2)I, like, watch, do, often, sometimes, I, but, to, some, reading, TV

3) Mrs Morison, her friends, have, supper, six, o'clock, at, with

4) have a match, what time, he, with, Class Two.

策略 组词成句是检测学生对英语句子的理解,掌握和运用能力。基本的句子结构为主语+ 谓语,所以首先要确定主语和谓语,尤其要注意谓语动词的形式。同时,要注意疑问词、连词、介词、否定词等等。句首大写和标点符号也不可忽视。

答案 1) Jim, it's time to get up.

2)I often watch TV, but sometimes I like to do some reading.

3)At six o'clock Mrs Morison has supper with her friends.

4)What time does he have a match with Class Two?

总结 句1)是一个简单句,意思是"到起床的时候了"Jim是称呼语。句2)有连词but,有多个动词like,watch,do,搭配关系应是like to动词原形,watch TV,do some reading。至于状语usually,sometimes,因为but表示"转折"usually应用于第一句中,句 3)动词词组 have supper的形式应与主语 Mrs Morison一致。with her friends意为"与朋友一起"。句4)根据what time可以判断该句是特殊问句。词组是have a match,主语是单数第三人称he所以应加助动词does,并用助动词原形have。其实句4)可看作下面句子划线部分的特殊疑问句:He has a match with Class Two at five p.m.

1.对划线部分提问。

Mrs White often goes to work by bus.______ ______ Mrs White ______ to work?

解析 本题考查一般现在时的特殊疑问句。对方式状语提问用how,答案是How;does;go。

2.用适当的介词填空。

What time does he leave home ______ school?

解析 leave…for…是固定短语,意思是"离开某地前往某地。for在这里表示"方向"。又如Is this train for Shanghai?这辆火车是开往上海的吗?for还可以表示对象、用途等,译为"供、适合、对于"。例如:It's a fine day for walking..天气晴朗,适合散步。

It's time for class.该上课了。

3.-Don't you usually come to school by bike?

-________.

A. Yes, I don't B. No, I am C. Yes, I do D. No, I do

解析 否定疑问句的答语一定要和事实一致:即用yes时,其后必须用肯定形式,这时yes译为"不",用no时,其后必须用否定形式,这时no译为"是的"。答案是C。例如: -Don't you wan to buy a skirt?难道你不想买一条裙子吗?

-Yes,I do.不,我想买。

-No,I don't.是的。我不想买。

4. I have two sisters, one is a nurse,______ is a teacher.

A. others B. another C. the other D. the another

What can you see ? I can see ______ in the sky.

A. moon B. a moon C. the moon D. moons

解析 两个东西或人,某中一个用one,另一个即剩下的第二个常用the other表示。表示世界上独一无二的物体名词前加定冠词the。

答案为:1.C 2.C

5.改成同义句

A: It is twenty minutes on foot from my home to the post office.

B: It is ______ ______ ______ from my home to the post office.

解析 walk可以作名词表示步行,前面接时间名词的所有格,表示一段路程步行要多长时间。正确的答案为twenty minutes' walk。

疑难分析

1. Lisa doesn't like eating chocolate.I don't like eating chocolate, ____

A.neither B.too C.also D .either

选项中的四个词是表示"也"和"也不"的同义词和反义词。对四者进行比较:neither意为"也不",在句中与"don't"意义重复;too可用于句末,但它一般不用于否定句;also一般位于句中,很少用于句末,且一般不用于否定句中;either用于否定句,也可位于句末,故D项为正确答案。

2. It's Sunday today.Let's ____ .

A.go to school B.go to work C.have classes D.play basketball

如果不看语意的话,以上一题的四个答案在语法上都是正确的。但此题上句的意思?quot;今天是星期天",星期天自然是要休息的,所以应选D项

-Aren't you a student? - ____

A.Yes,I am. B.Yes.I'm not. C.No,I am. D.No,I not. 对于反问句的回答,在上期的"晓晓答疑"栏目中我们已经讲过,要根据事实来回答:事实是肯定的就用肯定回答,事实是否定的就用否定回答,此题应选A。

I think there's ____ wrong ____ the TV.

A.anything;with B.something ;in C.anything ;of D .something;with something一般用于肯定句中,anything用于否定句和疑问句。此句为肯定句,故可以排

除A、C两项;"某物有……毛病(问题)"应用介词 with,又可排除B。可选出答案为D项。 Paris is the capital of ____ .

A.England B.China C.France D .French

解题策略

【例1】句型变换,就划线部分提问:

1. He goes to work on foot everyday.

2. It takes me half an hour to do the maths problem.

3. The hospital is about 2 kilometres from our school.

4. This school begins classes at 7:45.

策略 要熟练准确地掌握划线部分提问这一题型的解题方法,写出所需要的特殊疑问句,可按下面步骤进行:一是去掉划线部分,二是将没有划线部分的句子变为一般疑问句,三是根据划线部分的意思选出最恰当的特殊疑问词放在句首。

答案 1. How does he go to work everyday?

2. How long does it take you to do the maths problem?

3. How far is the hospital from your school?

4. What time does this school begin classes?

总结 按解题三步骤完成

句 1)去掉划线部分on foot,把He goes to with everyday变成一般问句does he go to work everyday?根据划线部分on foot是"交通方式"选择how这个特殊疑问句置于句首,即为所要转变的句子:How does he go to work everyday?

句2)划线部分half an hour是时间短语,用How long提问。

句3)划线部分about 2 kilometres是"距离",用How far提问。

句4)划线部分at 7:45意为"在7时45分",用What time提问。

【例2】用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. How ____she usually ____to school? (come)

2. Don't ____ to him now. He ____ his homework. ( speak, do)

3. I must ____off now. It ____7 o'clock, (be, be)

4. The boy wants ____TV after supper. (watch)

策略 完成这种改变动词词形的练习,首先应辨认句型,弄清句意。大多数情况下,该动词充当句子谓语,应注意时态的构成。动词-ing形式和不定式也可作宾语,主语或状语。 答案:1. How does she usually come to school?

2. Don't speak to him now. He is doing his homework.

3. I must be off now. It is 7 o' clock.

4. The boy wants to watch TV after supper.

总结 句1是特殊疑问句,主语是单数第三人称单数she,加助动词des,动词原形come。句2祈使句Don't后用动词原形speak。根据上下文"做家庭作业"是说话时正发生的动作,所以用现在进行is doing。句3情态动词must后须用动词原形be,第二句be的谓语形式与it一致,所以是is。句4谓语动词是wants,而want后应接动词不定式作宾语,所以用to watch

形式。注意,当want意为"需要",并且主语是"物"时,可接doing形式。如:The room wants cleaning. 这间房需要打扫。不能说The room wants to clean.

1.找出句中的错误并改正。

I want to go shop today.

分析与解答:go shopping意思是"买东西,购物",它相当于 do some shopping. go +V-ing表示"去做某事"。如:so swimming去游泳,so boating去划船,go fishing去钓鱼,答案是将go shop 改为go shopping。

2.What can I do for you? ______.

A. Half a kilo bread B. Half a kilo of bread C. A kilo half bread D. A kilo and a half 分析与解答 答案B 要表示"多少公斤某物",则用…+kilo(s)+of + sth. 英语中 "一公斤"为a kilo,"半公斤"为half a kilo,"一公斤半'为a kilo and a half/ one and a half kilos, "两公斤"为 two kilos。选项中 B为正确.故选 B。

3. How ______ meat do you want?

A. many B. much C. about D. old

分析与解答 答案 B how many之后接复数名词,how much后面跟不可数名词,meat不可数名词,所以选B。

4. 用适当的介词填空。

What do you usually have_______ lunch?

分析与解答:have sth. for breakfast/ lunch/ supper是固定短语,意思是"早饭/午饭/晚饭吃……"答案是for。

5 The shop near the school sells school things.(对划线部分提问)

分析与解答: near the school是介词短语作定语,因此用 which提问。答案是Which shop sells school things?

正误例析

1.其中有些东西很便宜。(东西为可数名词)

[误]:Some of them is very cheap.

[正]:Some of them are very cheap.

[析]:some代替可数名词作主语时,表示复数,主谓一致原则,谓语动词须用复数形式。

2. 店里的人非常友好。

[误]:The people in the shop is very friendly.

[正]:The people in the shop are very friendly.

[析]:the people作主语表示复数,本句的主语为the people, in the shop是修饰主语的,因此谓语动词be应该用are,而不是is。

3.有多少个香蕉在桌上?

[误]How many are there bananas on the table?

[正]How many bananas are there on the table?

[析]how many, how much中的many, much是形容词,常修饰名词作定语,故后面要跟名词。

4.有多少茶在桌上?

[误]How much tea are there on the table?

[正]How much tea is there on the table?

[析]how much修饰不可数名词时,谓语动词用单数。

解题策略

【例1】把下列句子译成英语。

1.这手提包多少钱? 20美元。

2.你要买多少土豆?5个。

3.你要买多少豆腐?一公斤半。

4.你要买什么?我要买两公斤肉。

策略 以上句型都是"购物"时用到的。可数名词的"多少"用How many…?不可数名词的"多少"用 How much…?询问价格的"多少"用 How much…?服务员或营业员给顾客打招呼用Can I / May I help you?问句和答语中必须注意正确使用可数名词和不可数名词的数量形式。 答案 1.How much is the handbag?It's twenty dollars.

2.How many potatoes do you want(to buy)?Five,please.

3.How much tofu do you want(to buy)?One and a half kilos.

4.Can I help you?Thank you.I want two kilos of meat.

总结 句1.问价钱不能说how many或 M much money但可以说 How much do you want for it?或what's the price of it?dollar美元是可数名词。句2.中potato是可数名词,其复数形式是potatoes,用How many提问。句3.中tofu是不可数名词,不可加es构成复数形式,用How much提问。kilo用复数kilos(不是kiloes)。句4.不可译作What do you want(to buy)?给顾客打招呼的用语还有:What can I do for you? Is there anything I can do for you? Anything I can do for you?

【例 2】改正下面句子中的错误:

1.How much are these things? They are fifty yuan.

2.The supermarket sells lot of things likes food and school things.

3.My I borrow your ball pen?Sure. Give you.

策略 首先要理解句子意思,然后从句法和词法上进行分析。常见错误类型多是语法上的:主谓不一致,词类误用,搭配不当,不符合英文习惯等等。改错要从单词到短语逐项检查。 答案 1.How much are these thing?The are fifty yuan.

2.The supermarket sells a lot of things like food and school things.

3.May I borrow your ball pen?Sure. Here you are.

总结 句1.根据上下文应是问价格.故How much。汉语拼音yuan不用复数形式。句2.是搭配错误.英语中表"许多"的词有many(接可数名词复数)much(接不可数名词)a lot of(接可数名词复数或不可数名词)a lot of = lots of。句子的谓语是sells,动词like是"喜欢",介词like是"像",根据句意应用like像。like这儿相当于such as(例如)。句3. 在将对方所借的物品给出时,按英语习惯用Here you are.给你。

题1 变成否定句,一般疑问句并做肯定和否定回答

1.We are middle-school students. 我们是中学生。

答:We aren't middle - school students.

Are you middle - school students? Yes, we are. No, we aren't.

连系动词(to be)am is are的变化形式:

肯定句:主语+be +表语(合成谓语)

否定句:主语+be not+表语

疑问句:Be + 主语+表语Yes, 主语+be 主语+ be not

注:be not的缩写is not = isn't are not=aren't

am not不可缩写为amn't I am not=I'm not

2.The girl looks like her mother. 这女孩长得像她妈妈。

答:The girl doesn't look like here mother.

Does the girl look like her mother? Yes, she does. No, she doesn't.

连系动词的另一种表达方式:turn, get, become, grow, feel, sound, look, taste, smell等,变否定句、疑问句、回答时与行为动词变化相同。

3.The boys often play football on the playground.

男孩们经常在操场上踢足球。

答:The boys don't often play football on the playground.

Do the boys often play football on the playground?

Yes, they do. No, they don't.

行为动词(to do)的变化形式:

肯定句:主语+谓语动词……

否定句:主语+ don't +动词原形……

疑问句:Do + 主语 + 动词原形……

Yes, 主语+ do No, 主语+don't

4.Tom watches TV every day. 汤姆每天看电视。

答:Tom doesn't watch TV every day.

Does Tom watch TV every day? Yes< he does. No) he doesn't.

主语是第三人称单数时的变化形式:

肯定句:主语(三单)+谓语(动词的第三人称单数形式)……

否定句:主语(三单)+doesn't+动词原形……

疑问句:Does+主语(三单)+动词原形……

Yes,主语+does No,主语+doesn't

5.I have some new books. 我有些新书。

答:I haven't any new books. (I don't have any new books. I have no new books.) Have you any new books?

行为动词(to have)的第三人称单数是has。

注:(l)I am not可缩写为I'm not,不可缩写为 amn't.

(2)肯定回答不缩写:Yes,I am不可以Yes,I'm;Yes,I do不可以Yes,I'do。

(3)否定回答一般都缩写:No,we aren't. No,I'm not.No,I don't.

(4)have no后不可有冠词 any或 some。

(5)问什么答什么:Do问一do答,Be问一be答,Have问一have答。

(6)名词问用相应的代词答。

题2 汉译英。

1.我们每天七点钟到校。

We come to school at seven every day.

一般现在时,表示经常发生的动作或存在的状态。常与often, always, usually, sometimes, every+名词等连用。

2.太阳从东方升起,西方落下。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

一般现在时,表示客观事实或普遍真理。

3.她说,光比声传播得快。

She said that light travels faster than sound.

虽然主句是过去时said,但因宾语从句是客观事实,故永远用一般现在时。

4.如果明天不下雨.我去长城。

If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we'll go to the Great Wall.

if引导的从句用一般现在时代替将来时。

5.他一回来,我就把它交给他。

I'll give it to him as soon as he comes back.

引导 as soon as的时间状语从句用一般现在时代替将来时。

6.明天我的女儿动身去大连。

My daughter leaves for Dalian tomorrow.

表示安排或计划好的将来的动作。用一般现在时,只限于某些表示"来、去、动、停,开始"等的动词。如:go, start, leave, come, begin, return, stop, want动词,区别于进行时代替将来时。

7.铃响了。

There goes the bell.

有些倒装句都用一般现在时。

例:Here he comes. Here comes the headmaster..

题3 用括号中动词的适当形式填空。

1. He _________ (go) to the park on Sundays.

2. _____they_________ (like) China?

3. Lucy _________ (not like) meat at all.

4. The students _________ (have) an English class every day.

5. _________ your father _________ (speak) French well ? No, he

6. My grandpa often _________ (watch) TV in the evening.

7. If I _______ (have) time tomorrow, I _______ (go) with you.

8. Please ________ (tell) her as soon as you _________ (see) her tomorrow.

9. Miss Gao _________ (not have) lunch at school. She _________ (have) it at home.

10. Tom often________(do) his homework at the table.

现在进行时题析

题1 变成否定句,一般疑问句并作肯定句和否定回答。

1. We are having an English class now.

答:We aren't having an English class now.

Are you having an English class now?

Yes, we are. No? we aren't.

解析:肯定句:主语+助动词be+现在分词……

否定句:主语+be not + 现在分词……

疑问句:Be + 主语+ 现在分词…… Yes, 主语+be. No,主语+be not

表示此时此刻正在进行的动作,常与now连用。

2. My brother is watering flowers in the garden.

答:My brother isn't watering flowers in the garden.

Is your brother watering flowers in the garden?

Yes, he is. No, he isn't.

注:助动词be + 现在分词构成谓语部分,be根据主语决定。

题2 用括号中动词的适当形式填空。

1. Look! The dog _________ (run) after the cat.

答:is running, look! 是判断进行时的标志,只有正在跑才能看到。

2. Listen! Lily _________ (sing) in the next room.

答:is singing, listen! 是进行时的标志,只有正在唱,才能听到。

3. What _________ you _________ (do) now? I'm writing a letter.

答:are...doing。根据答语判断时态。

4. Where is Kate? She _______ (climb) the hill over there.

答:is climbing。此题是根据题意理解。

5. It's six o'clock in the morning. The Blacks ________ (have) breakfast.

答:are having。特定时间进行的动作,用进行时。

总结判断进行时的方法:

(1)now, at the moment(此刻)。但:I must go now.(虽有now,must后必须用原形go)

(2)以不及物动词(vi.)look,listen开头的句子。

(3)根据上下文。(进行时间,进行时答)

(4)特定时间正在进行的动作。(见题5)

(5)根据题意理解。(见题4)

题3 英译汉并说明含意。

1. How are you feeling today?

你今天觉得怎么样?用进行时表示比 How do you feel today更亲切。

2. Tom is doing well in maths.

汤姆数学学得好。用进行时表示比 Tom does well in maths。更有赞美的意思。

3. He is always thinking of others.

他总是想着别人。always与进行时连用表示赞叹。

4. He is always talking in class.

在课堂上他总是说话。always与进行时连用表示厌烦。

5. The moneys are always running and jumping.

猴子不停地跑啊,跳啊。always与进行时连用表示反复的动作。

6. Mr Liu is always beginning his lessons.

刘先生开始上课了。用进行时表示情况的不断发生。

总结

(1)现在进行时表示具有感情色彩"赞叹""厌烦""表扬,批评"等。

(2)表示反复动作,此种用法常与"always"连用。

(3)进行时态通常用于持续性动词,如用于瞬间动词,则往往表示"即将"、"重复行动"。 例:He is always leaving things about. (批评)他总是到处扔东西。

Why are you always making the same mistake?(批评)你为什么总是犯同样的错误? We are eating potatoes these days . 这些天,我一直在吃土豆。

He is always working late.(表扬)他总是工作到很晚

难点释疑

1.【原句再现】Can I get you something to drink?

【疑问】get能否用bring代替?

【解惑】get = go and bring,意为"去取",常用作get sb. sth. =get sth. for sb.。如:Please get me a glass of water. = Please get a glass of water for me. 请给我取杯水来。

bring只表示"拿来",指从别处带过来。

如:Bring me the book, please. 请把书给我带来。可见,此句中的get不能用bring代替。

2.【原句再现】Do you have a big breakfast?

【疑问】一日三餐前不用冠词,为何用a big breakfast?

【解惑】一日三餐前一般不加冠词。如:I have lunch at home. 我在家吃午饭。但当前面有形容词修饰时,一般要加冠词。如:have a small breakfast早饭吃得少。

3.【原句再现】She is wearing a nice dress.

We're going to New York.

【疑问】She is wearing a nice dress. 并没有指正在发生的动作,为什么用现在时行时态?We're going to New York. 是进行时,为什么不表示正在进行的动作?

【解惑】这涉及到现在进行时的用法,它不仅表示正在发生的动作,还可表示现阶段存在的状态。She is wearing a nice dress. 意为"她穿着漂亮的连衣裙。"在英语中,表示短暂动作的动词如go, come, leave等,可用进行时表示即将发生的动作。再如:I'm coming, Mum. 妈妈,我就来!

4.【原句再现】All the other children in the class are Chinese.

【疑问】句中all是什么词?该怎样用呢?

【解惑】all在此句中为形容词,意为"所有的"、"全部的",作定语修饰名词时,如:All the boys are fifteen. 所有的男生都是15岁。

注意:all用作定语时,要放在定冠词、指示代词或形容词性物主代词前。如:all these books, all his sons等。

5.【原句再现】-May I have a look at your ticket?

-Here it is.

【疑问】句中的Here is it. 与Here you are. 有何区别?

【解惑】"Here it is."与"Here you are."虽均是交给对方东西时的常用交际口语,但应注意二者的正确使用。

①当给对方的东西是单数时,Here it is. =Here you are. 如:

a. JIM: Give it to me, please.

LUCY: Here you are. (=Here it is.)(P8)

b. WOMAN: May I have a look at your ticket?

WANG LING: Here it is. (=Here you are.)(P33)

②当给对方的东西是复数时,则只能用"Here you are."如:

DAD: Can you bring them here? I want to put these books in them.

TED: Sure! Here you are. (如换为Here it is.则为错)(P72)

单句改错乱中取胜

记住以下几点,做题时便会迎刃而解:

一、扫描全句 寻找信息

单句改错一般有四处划线,其中有一处是错的。首先,你要做到“扫描”全句,寻找信息。围绕划线处,结合句意,分析句子的结构,从而找出错误的地方。如:

Here sister is good at swim.

A B C D

【分析】A与B处由人称搭配可看出无错,C处与is good构成固定搭配,也没错.那么只能是D项错了。再细看be good at这个短语中,at为介词,不能接动词原形.应接v-ing形式。所以,swim应改为swimming(注重双写m)。

二、特殊句式 寻根问底

有些句子是某种句式给“变形”运用,只要仔细观察,就会发现错误之处。如: It’s time have supper.

A B C D

【分析】“扫描”全句不难发现。这是个固定句式,其结构为:It is time + to + 动词原形+其它。正确答案为:C have →to have.

三、抓住关键 不怕题难

改错题常常是对词汇、语法的综合考查,做题时要抓住关键词.仔细判断.看它属于哪类错误(句法、词法和语法).以便对症下药。如:

—Can you fly a kite? -Yes, I am.

A B C D

【分析】D。(关键词)开头的句子,答语中一般还用can。正确答案为:am→can。 又如Aren’t throw it like that.

A B C D

【分析】由句中无主语可推知它是祈使句,throw是动词原形,那么否定式应为Don’t。正确答案为:Aren’t→Don’t。

四、细心核查 以防错判

句中错项改过之后,须将正确的句子诵读数遍,检查句子结构是否准确,意思是否符合逻辑。

如:Don’t let him to play cards.

A B C D

【分析】假如你选A项有错,将其改为Aren’t。那么在草稿上再写出Aren’t let him to play cards. 一看便知原来A是对的。若去掉C项则变成:Don't let him play cards. 再一看,这才是正确的答案。因为它符合“let + 宾语+动词原形”的表达结构。

病句辨与析

改正下列对话中的错误,将正确答案写在各行相应的横线上。没有错的不改,只在横线上打“√”。

A: Hi, Li Pin! You early today! 1._______

B: Yes, I come to school early everyday. 2._______

A: What time do you get up in weekdays?

At seven o'clock? 3. _______

B: No, that's late too. I get up at 6:30. 4. _______

A: Oh, but I get up usually at seven. I live near my school. 5. _______

I can eat lunch at home. Do you have lunch at home, too? 6. _______

B: No, I usually have lunch at school. After 7. _______

lunch I often play games and my friends. 8. _______

A: That's good! What about Wu Dong?

B: I think he has lunch at home. He's home is near here. 9. _______

A: Oh, Miss Gao is coming. It's time for have our English class. 10. _______

B: Let's go in.

【答案及简析】

1.early前加are,early是形容词,作谓语要用“be + 形容词”形式;2.everyday改为every day,前者是“日常的”、“每天的”,作形容词用,后者才是“每天”;3.in改为on,weekdays与“星期几”的名称一样,前面要用介词on;4.late too改成too late,too表示“太”时,要放在被修饰词前;5.usually应放在get前;6.√,与三餐(breakfast,lunch,supper)搭配使用;表示“吃”时,习惯上用动词have,也可以用eat;7.√;8.and改为with,表示“与某人一起”要用介词with,不能用and;9.He’s改为His,he’s是he is的缩写,his才是“他的”;10.for改为to或have改为having。

易混词辨练

1. I have _____ book.

A. an B. some C. many R a

2. It's ________ when(当……时) the sun is in the day.

A. day time B. sunshine(阳光) C. Sunday D. morning

3. He is an ____boy.

A. Chinese B. Japanese C. Australia D. France

4. ____ is the first day of a week.

A. Monday B. Saturday C. Sunday D. Friday

5. The room is “____” when it is after class.

A. students B. school C. classroom D. bedroom

6. We all like to put ____in the “basket”.

A. some vegetables(蔬莱) B. a ball C. a coat D. some books

7. You can see ________in the meeting.

A. him B. her C. them D. me

8. Everyone can see and touch (触摸)_______.

A. love B. the sun C. the team D. the ball

9. We can play_____.

A. song B. cream C. dictionary D. football

10._______ is from “tea” to “why”.

A. Question B. Thursday C. Please D. It

11. _____ can help me throw a basketball.

A. A dog B. A cat C. A leg D. A hand

12. I can see the black things with my ____.

A. nose B. ear C. light D. face

分析:

1.D.book为单数名词,只可选A或D,又因它为辅音音素开头,所以选D。

2.C.因为sun加上day即为Sunday(星期日)。

3.C.an后所跟的单词必须以元音音素开头,因此选C。

4.C.一个星期的第一天是Sunday。

5.C.room在class之后即为classroom。

6.B.只有放一个“ball”在“basket”后才能成为一个单词basketball。

7.D.在meeting中有个“me”。

8.D.四个选项中大家既能看见又能触摸到的只有D,the ball。

9.D.四个选项中只有D才能与play组合成有意义的词组。

10.B.Thursday是从第一个字母“t”(与“tea”同音)到最后一个字母“y”(与“why”同音)

11.D.只有D a hand才能扔篮球。

12.C.要看见黑东西,只有借助“light”(灯)

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