六年级英语上册知识点归纳

六年级英语上册知识点归纳

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

vi.

vii. 同义词:sea-see; meet-meat; hear-here; hour-our; know-no 反义词:free-busy; early-late; near-far; in front of-behind 反身代词:she/her-herself; I/me-myself; 现在分词:take-taking; put-putting; 形容词:fun-funny; health-healthy; help-helpful; rain-rainy 完整形式:let’s-let us; I’d-I would 复数:child-children; grape-grapes; dish-dishes; photo-photos;

people-people; candy-candies; tooth-teeth; glass-glasses; sunglass-sunglasses;beach-beaches; fruit-fruits

viii.

ix. 序数词:one-first; two-second 对应词:ask-answer; take out of-put into; finally-at the

beginning; front-behind

x.

xi. 宾格:they-them; we-us; I-me 过去式:eat-ate; buy-bought; do-did; go-went; cook-cooked;

clean-cleaned; see-saw; watch-watched; have-had; make-made; fly-flew; swim-swam; play-played; take-took; sit-sat; sing-sang; tell-told

xii.

xiii. 单三形式:say-says; go-goes; sleep-sleeps; visit-visits good(副词); well

 

第二篇:六年级英语上册各单元知识点归纳及练习【PEP】

Book6 A  Unit 1  How Do You Go There ?

一.    知识点归纳

(一)、   词汇 

       四会                             bike ( 自行车)                                         by  ( 乘坐)          

                                       bus  (公共汽车)                                      foot  (脚)

                                       train (火车)                                             how (怎样)

                                       plane  ( 飞机)                                          go to school (上学) 

                                       ship   (轮船)                                                        

                                       subway  ( 地铁)     ( 交通工具前加by , 表示乘坐但步行要用on foot )                                                

         fifth      第五                          remember记住                     find 找到       

 difference不同                      same相同的                        every    每个 所有的    

三会             country 国家                          mean意思是                       drive驾驶         

 right右边的                           side    边                               England    英国   

 Australia    澳大利亚             however    但是                    left左边的

 if   如果                                  must 必须      

(二)、重点句型

 ① 询问交通方式用疑问代词how

n   —— How do you  go to school ?  你怎样去上学?

                  —— I go to school on foot .           我走路去上学。

n   —— How do you go to Canada ?   你怎么去加拿大。

——  I go by plane .                        我坐飞机去。

n   —— How does  your father go to work ?      你父亲怎样去上班?

——  He goes to work by subway .                 他坐地铁去上班。

  ②  询问地点,用疑问代词where

n   ——  Where is your  home ?                            你家在哪里?

——  It’s   near the post office .                        在邮局旁边。

n   ——  Where are  the teachers ?                        老师们在哪儿?

——   They are in the teacher’s office .            在老师的办公室。

③   问路

n   ——   How  can I  get to Zhongshan Park ?        我怎么去中山公园?

——   You can go by the No.1 bus.

            You can  take the No .1 bus .

④   交通规则(traffic rules )

n   Stop  at a red light .                                     红灯停

n   Wait  at a yellow light .                               黄灯停

n   Go at   a  green light .                                  绿灯行

n   In China and the US , drivers drive on theright side of the road .

在中国和美国,司机靠右行驶。

n   In England and Australia, however, drivers drive on the leftside of the road.

但是在英国和澳大利亚,司机靠左边行驶。

Book 6 A Unit 2 Where is the science museum?

  

                             library           图书馆                               north ()                       

                            post office      邮局

                            hospital          医院

places:                cinema           电影院

(地点)                 bookstore      书店                 (东) east                       west (西)

                            science muse科学博物馆                                

bank              银行                         

                            school            学校                                  south()                          supermarket 超市                              

                                     shoe store   鞋店                                

where  在哪里        pleas       next to 相邻right  右边,正确的        left 左边           straight成直线地     then  然后        turn转弯excuse me 对不起         want 想要        a pair of

minute分钟              tell 告诉          take乘坐

far 远        after school 放学以后       get off上车          get on下车        

twelfth 第十二      party聚会;晚会       start 开始           buy买

   

一、问路

1.Where is the cinema, please?                         请问电影院在哪儿?

               next to the hospital.                       在医院的旁边。

               in front of the school.                    在学校的前面.

    behind the park                             在公园的后面

It’s  near the zoo.                          在动物园的附近.

on the right/left of the bookstore.   在书店的左/右边.

east of the bank.                              在银行的东边.

far from here.                                  离这儿很远.

2. Excuse me, is there a cinema near here            请问这附近有电影院吗?

Yes, there is.                                                 有.

3. How can I get to the hospital?                          我该怎样到达医院呢?

You can go …

二、指引路

1. You can go by the No.312 bus.             你可乘坐312路公交车去那儿.

2.   Get on / off at the …                              在…地方上车/ 下车.

3.   Walk straight for three minutes.            向前直走在分钟.

4.   Turn right/ left at the …                         在… 地方向右/ 左转.

5.   Walk east/ west/ south/ north for … minutes.

朝东/ 西/南/北/ 走…分钟.

三   Is it far from here?                                         离这儿远吗?

     Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

Book6 A   Unit 3 What are you going to do?

一.   知识点归纳

(一)、   词汇

  四会                      next week   下周                                                            newspaper      报纸

                                this morning   今天上午                                               comic book    漫画书

    Time                   this afternoon 今天下午                                                magazine       杂志

   (时间 )                this evening   今天晚上                                                  dictionary      字典

                               tonight   今夜                                                                   post card        明信片

                               tomorrow  明天                              

               

                                 take a trip 去旅游                                                                    theme park  主题公园

activities           buy some fruit   买一些水果                         others              pet shop   宠物店   

(活动)         go to the cinema   去看电影                       (其他)            fruit stand  水果摊

                                 visit the Great Wall 参观长城                                               shoe store  鞋店

                                  read a magazine about plants 阅读有关植物的杂志       shop  商店                                              

三会:

busy 忙碌的    together 一起地        need  需要     else 其他

二、重点句式和句型:

本单元中出现的一个重点语法项目是一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或状态 ,常和表示将来的时间连用。

  构成:   陈述肯定句:        be going to + V+ 其他

               否定句:        be + not going to + V+其他

           一般疑问句:        Be+ 主语+ going to + V+其他

         特殊疑问句:    特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句

 E.g.        I am going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

           I’m not going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.    Yes, I am.

           Are you going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon?

                                                          No, I’m not.

           What are you going to do this afternoon?

           Where are you going this afternoon?

           How are you going to the bookstore this afternoon?

           When are you going to the bookstore by bus?

 三、 重点句型:

1.  I’m going to have a busy weekend! 我将要度过一个繁忙的周末。

2.  That will be fun 那将会很有意思。

3.  What else? 还要什么?

4.  ----What are you going to do in the future? 你将来想干什么?

   -----I’m going to be a science teacher one day. 我想将来有一天当科学老师。

   ----- What about you ? 你呢?

   -----I want to be a computer expert in the future. 我想当个电脑专家。

Book 6A   Unit 4  I have a pen pal

知识点归纳:

一.       本单元主要是谈论某人的兴趣爱好。

二.       语法是动词的-ing形式和动词的第三人称单数形式。

三.   词汇:         ride a bike  (riding a bike)  骑自行车

                                dive  (diving )  跳水

hobby                play the violin  (playing the volin) 拉小提琴

(爱好)            make kites  (making kites )   制作风筝

                                collect stamps (collecting stamps)  集邮

                                live   (lives)   居住,住

                                teach  (teaches)  教

                                go   (goes)  去

三单                watch  (watches)  看

                                 read  (reads)  读

                                 do  (does)

 其他:show(展览)  pen pal(笔友)   dear (亲爱的)  twin(双胞胎之一)

       look (看上去)   fun (快乐,乐趣)   with(同…)   

四.句型:

1. 询问某人的爱好:

----What’s your hobby?   你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. 我喜欢集邮

2. 表示征求别人意见:

      (1)----what about you ? 你呢?

           ----Me too.      我也是。

(2)--- Let’s go together. 让我们一起去吧。

(3)---- Can he go with us?

      ----- Sure!

五.语法:

一般现在时的用法

(1)        表示经常或习惯性的动作或状态,常与everyday /norning /beening ,

often, usually ,always 等状语连用。       

如: We do morning exercises every day.

           He usuallly goes to school by bike.

(2)            表示主语的特征或能力。

如: Our school is beautiful.

 结构:陈述句:主语+动词+其他。

如: Miss white teaches English.

      一般疑问句:Do/ Does +主语+ 动词原形+其他?

            如: Does Miss White teach English?

     肯否定回答:Yes,she does ./ No, she doesn’t .

Book6 A  Unit 5 What does she do ?

一、知识点归纳

    (一) 词汇 

四会

                                singer              (歌手)                                        Hong Kong      ( 香港)

                                writer               ( 作家)                                       company          (公司)

                         an   actor                ( 男演员)                                   factory              ( 工厂)

                         an   actress             ( 女演员)                                    design              ( 设计)

                          an  artist                ( 画家)                                        tip                    (小提示)

                               TV reporter      ( 电视台记者)                            help                  ( 帮助)

                         an  engineer           (工程师)                                     money              (金钱)

                         an accountant       ( 工程师)                                     well                  ( 好,对 )

                               policeman        ( 男警察)                                    enjoy                ( 从…获得乐趣)

salesperson      ( 销售员)                                    tourist                ( 旅游者 )

                                cleaner            (清洁工)                                      way                    ( 路,道)

                                work               ( 工作)                                         motor cycle        (摩托车)

                                where             ( 在哪里 )                                     police                ( 警察部门)

其他表示职业的词:worker ( 工人)        doctor  ( 医生)        nurse  (护士)        teacher  ( 老师)      student  ( 学生)   drive  (司机、驾驶员)

 (二 )重点句型

  ①  询问职业

l  —— What does he do ?/What is he ?                                   他是做什么的?

——  He is a doctor.                                                             他是一个医生。

l  ——  What do you do ?/What are you ?                               你是做什么的?

——  I ’m a student .                                                             我是一个学生。

②  询问工作的地点

l  ——  Where do you work ?                                                  你在哪儿工作?

——   I work in a school .                                                     我在一个学校工作。

l  ——  Where does your mother  work ?                                 你妈妈在哪儿工作?

——  She works in a hospital .                                               她在一个医院工作。

 一般疑问句 :

         ——  Does  he work in a  company ?                                     他在公司工作吗?

         ——   Yes ,he does .                                                             是的。

③  询问怎样去工作

—— How does your father go to work ?                                 你父亲怎么去上班?

—— He goes to work by car .                                                  他开车去上班。

④     An artist draws pictures .                                                      画家画画。

             A cleaner cleans streets .                                                       清洁工打扫街道。

             A doctor helps sick people                                                    医生帮助病人。.

             A teacher teaches lessons .                                                    老师上课。

             A salesperson sells things .                                                    销售员卖东西。

Book 6 A  Unit 6 The story of rain

   

cloud                                                               seed

vapour             rain                                      plant               soil   

       

 steam                                                               sprout

 

 Sun太阳   come from… 来自…; 从…来  should 应该     then 然后

   shine 照耀  become变成  little 小的  drop(液体的)珠;滴 wake up醒;醒来    feel感觉到;感受到    think想; 思考   meet遇见;碰见     high高的 

other其他的;另外的别的   fall down落下;掉落    into进入;到…里面

come out出现;露出    again再一次;又;再    garden花园    easy简单的

put放;放置     several一些;几个    day天    see看见    pot锅;碗; 盆 lovely可爱的    make sure核实或查明某事物    get 得到    month月份 old年龄的  still仍然;依旧;还是   come on 鼓励用语hardly几乎没有;几乎不

重要句型:

1.     Where does the rain come from?   雨来自于哪儿?

It comes from the cloud.          来自于云朵.

(注意同be from 区分)

Where are you from?    你来自于哪?

I’m from China.        我来自于中国.

2.     How do you do that?     你怎样做呢?

3.     Would should you do then ? 然后你又该怎样做?

4.     描述事情的先后顺序和过程

first… then… next…                          

   How do you plant a tree? First dig the soil. Then put the plant in the soil. Next water it often. Wait for it to grow.

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