短文写作是一个高度综合性的题目，旨在考查考生的英语表达能力，看考生是否能够运用所学的英语知识和掌握的技能进行思想交流。该题要求考生根据提示语要求，应用所学知识将所提示的信息组成行文连贯、文理畅通、语言得体的文章。它不但要求考生有丰富的语言语法知识，而且要有较强的语言表达能力和逻辑思维能力，是一种复合型的题型。 ? 【命题透视】
（20xx年湖北高考作文）请你根据以下提示，结合生活中的一个实例，用英语写篇短文。 We all know that “sticks and stones may break our bones”, but we should also be aware that words can hurt people, too.
Sometimes, bad words are to us what knives are to our body. I learned this from one of my One I was playing volleyball with in my PE I missed 1
best friend Peter called me “fool”’s apology and he did have a strong sense of cooperation and From this words really have a bad influence on
请根据以下提示，并结合事例，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈昨天，今天及明天。 You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it.
【思路点拨】本篇作文属于夹叙夹议的半开放式作文，要求考生结合生活中的事例来诠释“我们不能选择我们被给予的东西，但我们能选择如何利用好给予我们的东西”。考生在写作过程中一定要结合生活中的事例(事例的篇幅应该占大部分)进行总结和提炼，起到点睛作用。注意生活事例列举部分应该用一般过去时，而最后的总结部分应该用一般现在时。以2～3段为宜。写作过程中应适当注意素材及词语的选择，注意对生活感知能力的挖掘。 One possible version：
Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorlyequipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated.
My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are.
Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn more about teamwork. Teamwork shows us how other people's roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches us to be patient and how to respond to different people.
One possible version：
Years of school life has taught me a lot of things, of which teamwork is the most important for me.
In fact, I didn't realize its importance until I was chosen monitor of my class in my senior middle school. At first, I did most of the duties myself while other students care little about class activities. As a result, I was tired out and depressed. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised 2
me to cooperate with others. Thus I began to recognize the strengths of my classmates and have everyone do their part in class.
It is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficiently.
请你根据以下提示，结合生活中的一个事例，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈微笑的作用。 The best example of universally understood body language may be the smile. A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls.
One possible version：
No body language can be more attractive/ fascinating than smiling. Not only can a beautiful smile make ourselves happy, but also it enables others to feel delighted. Sometimes a smile is so powerful that it gives people suffering from disasters great courage.
A little boy named Lang Zheng, for instance, impressed and encouraged a great many people when a serious earthquake happened in Wen Chuan. Right after he was rescued by the soldiers from the ruins, he saluted and smiled to them. His smile was like sunshine which warmed people who were in sadness.
It is safe/ no exaggeration to say that without smile our life would be colorless and difficult. It is suggested that we smile as much as possible.
Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift.That is why it is called the present.
? One possible version：
? All the past things become history, which cannot be changed. However, in daily life,
people always say that if they did this or that, they would be better off now. Does this make any sense? No. It's widely acknowledged that you cannot change the past whatever you do. Then why should we have regrets for what happened in the past? Similarly, we should not attach too much importance to the future, for it is really something uncertain unless you make it come true.
Therefore, the present, which is what we are sure about, is very important, because
by making full use of it we can find a way to success. Please seize the hour, seize the day and treasure every moment that you have！
Many students may have had the experience of cheating in exams, which not only results in an unfair competition but also has a bad effect on the habit of study, ruining the creativity and self-confidence of those students.
? One possible version：
? Cheating in exams seems to be inevitable even though we all know it is dishonest.
When having difficulty passing exams, those who don't study hard or grasp what they have learnt tend to cheat in order to get high grades.
? One of my classmates is just such a guy. When faced with exams, he tried to use different
ways to cheat like passing small pieces of paper with answers, referring to his books or copying others' answers. As a result, he did get a better grade which was beyond his own ability. Gradually, he became increasingly dependent on others' answers rather than think for himself. What's more, he became less and less confident of dealing with difficult problems.
? It's obvious that cheating does harm to us. We should be honest and try to get good
results by studying hard.
? A man is not old as long as he is seeking something. A man is not old until regrets
take the place of dreams. (by J. Barrymore)
? One possible version：
? Hopes and dreams are important in daily life. HOPE means “Hold On, Pain Ends”. I
think young people should have dreams and hopes, but they should never have regrets. ? I had a dream when I was a little girl. I wanted to learn the piano, because I thought girls
who could play the piano were elegant and beautiful. However, my mother told me that my fingers were too short to play the piano. So my dream could only be a dream in my head.
? Years later, I walked past a piano shop that offered piano lessons. Suddenly I realized I
still wanted to learn the piano. I told myself I shouldn't have any regrets. Then I made my dream come true.
? My experience tells me that hopes and dreams are the inspiration that makes me
move forward all the time.
? ②文中不得出现真实的学生姓名。 注意：①文章连贯，条理清楚，详略得当； ②结合实际，写出真情实感。 One possible version： Being passionate, honest and hardworking, a good student is always listening and learning. Personally speaking, I strongly believe that honesty is the most important among dozens of good qualities. There is a proverb that goes “Honesty is the best policy”， and it seems as true as it was when first coined. The most important element in human relationships, whether business or personal, is trust. Here is one of my secrets. I once lied to my parents because of my poor scores. Although having known the real fact from teachers, they praised and encouraged me, showing their deep love. Later days, my conscience swallowed me, growing as I told lie after lie in an effort to conceal my original deceit. I gave it up, and chose to be frank. Wow! It is better to stick to the truth! From then on, I have kept the following in my minds: If it is not true, don't say it. If it is not right, don't do it. Honesty is not only the best policy, but also a principle, which is absolutely essential for the good and happy living of life. (四) 众所周知，一个人的成长过程是较为复杂的，其个性的形成和发展受诸多因素的影响，比如： 家庭、学校、社会、朋友、书籍、名人等。假如《二十一世纪英文报》向你约稿，了解至今哪些因素对你的成长影响最大。请你以Tracking My Growth为题，按以下要求写篇英语短文： 1. 选择并陈述对你的成长起着很大影响的家庭、学校、社会、朋友、书籍、名人等诸多因素中的两个或三个； 2. 谈谈你的看法和理由。 注意：词数120左右，文章的标题已给出(不计入总词数)。 One possible version： Tracking My Growth As is known to all, one's character is shaped by many factors. As for me, what has influenced me most in my growth are my family and friends. I used to be a selfish boy who wasn't willing to share my toys with others. My parents told me I would have no friends if I didn't learn to share. Every time they brought home a toy, they wouldn't give it to me unless I promised to share it with my friends. When the terrible earthquake struck Wenchuan, my parents donated a large sum of money and some clothes to the people there. Influenced by them, I became a caring boy, too. I was weak in math in the past. Fortunately my friend Xiao Jun came to my aid.
Every weekend, he would come to my house and help me with my math. Thanks to his help, I finally caught up with other students. Now I also do whatever I can to help others just like Xiao Jun.
1．It is wellknown that....众所周知，??
2．There is no doubt that....毫无疑问，??
3．Some people claim that....有人认为??
4．It is generally believed that....普遍认为??
5．It is widely accepted that....普遍认为??
6．Currently there is a widespread concern over...现在，人们普遍关注的问题是??
7．With the rapidly growing popularity of..., the quality of our lives has been considerably changed.随着??的快速普及，我们的生活质量已经发生了极大变化。
8．With the development of..., an increasing number of people come to realize that...随着……的发展，越来越多的人意识到……。
9．Now people in growing numbers are coming to realize that...正在越来越多的人逐渐意识到……。
10．Some people think that.... To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below. 有人认为……，坦率地说，我不同意他们的观点，理由如下。
11．For years, ... has been seen as ..., but things are quite different now.多年以来，……一直被看着是……，但现在情况大不一样了。
12．Last week, we made/conducted/carried out a survey about...上周，我们做了一项关于……的调查。
13．Recently we have had a discussion over...最近我们讨论了??这个问题。
14．According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.依照最近的一项调查，每年有4 000 000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。
15．The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。 常用于文章正文的句型：
1．People’s views on...vary from person to person.人们对……的观点因人而异。
2．As a popular saying goes, “Every coin has two sides.”常言道，“事物都是一分为二的。”
3．As a proverb says, “No pains, no gains”．俗话说，“不劳则无获。”
4．Contrary to the popular thought, I prefer....与普遍的想法正相反，我更喜欢……。
5．I cannot entirely agree with the idea that .... I believe….我不完全行赞同这样的一个观点……，我认为……。
6．There is no denying the fact that...不可否认，……。
7．Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides.在提出我自己的观点之前，我们有必要了解正反双方争论的焦点。
8．It is high time that we placed great emphasis on the improvement of...到了改进……的时候了。
9．It is high time that we put an end to...到了结束……的时候了。
10．There is no easy solution to the problem of..., but...might be useful.对……这一问题，没有轻松解决的办法，但……或许有所益处。
11．It is essential that effective measures should be taken to prevent the situation.有必要采取有效措施来阻止形势进一步恶化。
12．It is suggested that great efforts should be made to control the growth of...建议尽力控制出……的增长。
13．It is hoped that great efforts should be focused on...人们希望在……方面做出努力。 6
1．From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that....根据上述讨论，我们可以得出结论，……。
2．Taking into account all the factors, we may safely come to the conclusion that....考虑到各个因素，我们可以得出结论，……。
3．Judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at/reach the conclusion that....根据所提供的证据来判断，我们可得出结论，……。
4．All the evidence supports a sound conclusion that....所有证据都支持这样一个结论，……。
5．To sum up, we find that....总之，我们认为……。
6．In short/brief/conclusion/a word, ....简言之，……。 表达个人观点的句型：
1．As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.就我个人而言，我赞同第二个观点。
2．As far as I am concerned, I am really/completely in favor of the policy.就我个人而言，我完全支持这项政策。
3．In my opinion/view, we should....我认为我们应该……。
4．As for me, I．...至于我，我……。
5．From my point of view, ....我认为……。
6．Personally, I think....我个人认为……。
7．My view is that....我的观点是……。
8．I hold a negative/positive view of....我对……持反对/肯定态度。
9．Contrary to generally accepted views, I argue that...与普遍的观点相反，我认为……。
10．It would be natural to think that..., but it would be absurd to claim that...人们很自然地认为，……，但据此就以为……却是很愚蠢的。
11．At first thought, it may seem an attractive idea, but on second thought, we find that...乍一看，这个观点很有吸引力，但再一想，我们发现……。 图表作文常用句型：
1．The table/diagram/graph shows/describes/reflects that....该图表表明/描述/反映了……。
2．As is shown in the chart, ...has been on the increase/decrease.此图表表明，……一直在增加/减少。
3．According to the figures given by the graph, the number of...has been rising steadily.从图表给出的数据看，……的数量在稳步增长。
4．The data/figures lead us to the conclusion that....这些数据可以让我们得出这样的结论，……。
5．As is shown/exhibited in the diagram/graph/table，....正如图表中所展现的那样，……。
6．It is clear/apparent from the table/diagram/figures that....该图表清楚地表明，……。
7．A, which accounts for...%, ranks the first; next in line is B with...%, followed by C, making up...%; finally D, E, F at...%，...% and...% respectively.A占了……%，位居第一，第二位是B，占……%，接下来是C，占……%，最后是D、E、F，分别占……%……%……%。 翻译下列句子
1．不用说早睡早起是值得的。It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
2．我深信预防胜于治疗。I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.
Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.
As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.
There is no doubt that nearsightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.
According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.
In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.
With the rapid development of Taiwan’s economy, a lot of social problems have come out.
In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role.
Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fastfood restaurants.
It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.
Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.
It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.
The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.
As an old saying goes, “Honesty is the best policy.”
17．人们学外语有三个理由。People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.
To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day。
We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.
For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.
As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.
In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.
The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should
develop the good habit of reducing pollution.
To put it differently, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.
Ever since then, I have found smile is the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily
What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.
By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home
safe every day.
Only with combined efforts can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.
Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile
In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the
If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English.
According to a survey, more than half of Chinese school children are shortsighted, ranking
first in the world.
China has the largest population of the world, which accounts for about 20%, followed by
India, making up about 17%.
I arrived safely back in ________. Thanks again for all your help and
kindness during my stay in ________. You really made sure I had a safe and
enjoyable time. I hope you are well and everything is fine with you.
Unfortunately, I have a very small favor to ask. ________(事情描述).
________(必须做的原因). I wonder if you would mind ________. Of course, I
will happily ________(你的回报). ________(事情应怎样做).Thanks in advance. Yours,
I have learnt from yesterday’s newspaper that you are employing
a/an ________. I wish to be considered as an applicant for the position,
and beg to state my qualifications as follows:
I am ________ years old, a senior student of ________ University,
majoring in ________. During my academic years, I have shown excellent
performance and have been awarded firstclass scholarship each year. In
addition to my educational background, I have the rich work experience
in the fields of ________. Therefore, I believe I can be of value to your
Enclosed is my resume for your reference, and I shall be glad to
call at your office if you desire an interview. Thank you.
The topic about ________ is becoming increasingly popular in our
school. There are two sides of opinion about it.
Some students prefer to consider ________ (做某事). (Some students
say ________ is their favorite.) They think that ________ (理由一).
What’s more, ________ (理由二). Moreover, ________ (理由三).
However, others believe ________ is a better choice for three
reasons. To begin with, ________ (理由一). Next, ________ (理由二). In
addition, ________ (理由三).
From my point of view, the former is surely a wise choice. The
reason is that ________ (As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the
view that ________.)
In recent days, we have to face a serious problem that ________.
First, ________(说明问题的现状)．Second, ________(举例进一步说明
Confronted with the problem, we should take a series of effective
measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ________(解决方法
一). For another, ________(解决方法二). Finally, ________(解决方法
Personally, I believe that ________(我的解决方法). Consequently,
I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ________(带
Nowadays many people prefer ________ (某事物) because it has a
significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as
follows. First ________(优点之一). Besides, ________(优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also
One of the important disadvantages is that ________(缺点一)．To make matters worse,________(缺点二).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ________(我的看 法)．
As is shown by the figure in the table, ________ has been on the rise/ decrease. From the sharp rise/decline in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for ________. On one hand, ________. On the other hand, ________ due to the fact that
________. In addition, ________ is responsible for ________. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that ________. I am sure my opinion is both sound and wellgrounded.