Introduction Beijing is an ancient city with a long history. Back in 3000 years ago in Zhou dynasty, Beijing, which was called Ji at the moment, had been named capital of Yan. Thereafter, Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasty all made Beijing their capital. Therefore, Beijing was famous for "Capital of a thousand years". The long history leaves Beijing precious cultural treasure.
Traditional Beijing culture The best representatives for Beijing are the Hutongs and square courtyards. Through hundreds of years, they have become symbol of Beijing's life Si He Yuan （四合院） A standard siheyuan usually consists of houses on its four sides protected by high walls with a yard in the center. The gates are usually painted red and have large copper door rings. 'si' means four ,which here refers to the four sides ;east west south and north 'he' refers to the surrounding meaning the four sides circle into a square . Due to it's special layout it's compared to a box with a garden in the center. There is only one gate leading to a hutong , so when the gate is closed the courtyard losses touch with the outside world . Therefore family members can fully enjoy tranquility and share the happiness of a peaceful family union.
Usually, a whole family lives in compound. The elder generation lives in the main house standing at the north end, the younger
generations and guests live in the eastern and western side houses, and the south house is usually the family sitting room or study.
Hutong first appeared in Beijing during the Yuan dynasty, most of today’s Hutong were formed during the Ming and Qing dynasties that followed. The narrow streets between the Si He Yuan are called "Hutong"s.
Hutong is the common name of small lanes in Beijing. Old people say that "there are 360 hutongs with names without names are countless. there are more than 5000 hutongs in Beijing they are basically keeping the layout of ming dynasty. the widest have more than 30meters and the narrowest less than 1 meters.
In Beijing You can find various hutongs with different lengths ，shapes or directions
The extremity of hutongs 北京胡同之最
the longest: Dongjiuaominxiang ,3000 meters 最长的胡同：东交民巷
The shortest: Chidajie ,25.23 meters
The broadest: Lingjinghutong, the broadest 32.18 meters
The narrowest: Xiaolaba hutong less than 0.6meters
The maximum curves:9 curves
The oldest: zhuanta hutong
Si He Yuan with Hutong which have been very familiar for people, having a history of more than 700 years now suffer from the urban renovation and economic development of China, and they are slowly disappearing from Beijing. Beijing snacks Perhaps you have never been to Beijing but you must hear the Beijing snacks like the roast duck Roast duck
The history of the roast duck can be traced back to as early as the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), Theo famous restaurants that , Quanjude Roast Duck Restaurant Beijing Roast duck is thought to be one of the most delicious dishes all over the world; most visitors coming to Beijing will never forget to have a try. Eating Peking duck is seen to be one of the two things you are absolutely supposed to do while in Beijing. Snakes street Gui street and Nine gates snacks street is the famous street for food in
Beijing Beijing snacks
驴打滚glutinous rice rolls with sweet bean flour
豌豆黄 Pea Cake
炸酱面Noodles with Bean Paste
豆汁Mung Bean Milk
Beijing snacks used to be very famous in Beijing in the old days. The kind of snacks is varied, there were approximately more than 200 of them, but the most of the snacks are derived from Chinese Muslims. Bean Soup (豆汁) is one of the distinguished Beijing snacks. In making the bean soup, the only material is the remaining after making Tofu. Bean Soup tastes sour. If you are not familiar with Beijing, you will hate this at the first taste. Beijing traditional brand
稻香村Sweets 点心 瑞蚨祥silk textiles（绸布）
内联升 （布鞋） 同仁堂
天桥（theater, acrobatic）吹糖人 潘家园
Modern culture of Beijing CBD The Beijing central business district (CBD), centered on the Guomao area, has been identified as the city's new central business district, and is home to a variety of corporate regional headquarters, shopping precincts, and high-end housing. the Beijing center business district is becoming one of the most important financial centers in china. There has new Beijing television station and a lot of the world top enterprise 798 The area occupied by Beijing 798 Art Zone was once the place for Beijing North China wireless joint equipment factory ，which was designed and built by the experts of former G.D.R in the 1950s. The Joint Factory was designed to be built in 1952 due to the ordered designing, convenient traffic, unique style of Bauhaus architecture, many art organizations and artists came to rent the vacant plants and transformed them, gradually
formed a district gathered galleries, art studios, cultural companies, fashion shops etc. As the earliest area where the art organizations and artists moved in located in the original area of 798 factories, this place was named as Beijing 798 Art Zone. The 798 Art Zone has become a exhibition center of Chinese culture and modern culture, it also have the world famous cultured and creative industries centralized area Olympic
The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the bird's nest will be the main track and field stadium for the 2008 Summer Olympics and will be host to the Opening and Closing ceremonies. The stadium is 330 meters long by 220 meters wide, and is 69.2 meters tall.场馆长330米,宽220米,高69.2米The 250,000 square meter (gross floor area) stadium is to be built with 36 km of unwrapped steel, with a combined weight of 45,000 tonnes.250000平方米的体育馆将由全长36千米的钢铁搭建而成,总重达45000吨
The Beijing National Aquatics Centre, also known as the Water Cube (or abbreviated [H2O]3 ), is an aquatics centre that was built alongside Beijing National Stadium in the Olympic Green for the 2008 Summer Olympics. Ground was broken on December 24, 2003.
Tourist attraction Tiananmen The largest city central square in the world, the solemn and respectful Tiananmen Square is not only the symbol of Beijing but also the symbol of China. surrounded by a variety of significant edifices: Chinese Revolution History Museum, Mao Mausoleum, Great Hall of the People, the elegant and beautiful Tiananmen (Heavenly Peace Gate), and Qianmen (Front Gate). The daily flag ceremony at the square, performed at sunrise and sunset each day, is most exceptional and well-worth making time to view.
The Palace Museum is located on city center in Peking Forbidden City is the world's largest and best-preserved ancient building groups. The Palace Museum start to set up in A.D.1406, the Palace Museum have the
size courtyard more than 90s and the house contain 980 and add up to 8704. the Palace Museum surroundings surround 12 meters in height, long the Palace Museum wall of 3400 meters, there is 52 meter wide moat outside the wall surround, formation a fortress of severe barracks故宫位于北京市中心。中国现存最大、最完整的古建筑群。被誉为世界五大宫之一。故宫始建于公元1406，故宫有大小院落90多座，房屋有980座，共计8704间.宫城周围环绕着高12米，长3400米的宫墙，形式为一长方形城池，墙外有52米宽的护城河环绕，形成一个森严壁垒的城堡
The Summer Palace, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 2.9 square kilometers, three quarters of which is under water. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.
The Temple of Heaven is located in southern Beijing. Built in 1420, the 18th year of the reign of Ming Emperor Yongle, the temple was where emperors went to worship heaven for good harvests. The great wall, located in northern china, is 6700 kilometers long and thus known as the "10000-li great wall". Construction of the wall went on for more than 2000 years, from 7th century BC to 14th century AD. The wall has become a symbol of both china's proud history and its present strength.
Yuan Ming Yuan, include palaces and gardens in Beijing. It is 8 kilometers north-west the Imperial City, built in the 18th and early 19th century. It was destroyed by British and French troops in 1860 during the Second Opium War. The Old Summer Palace is located just outside the west gate of Qinghua University, north of Peking University, and east of the Summer Palace.
Many tourist come to Beijing to experience the Chinese wonderful culture. And Beijing is becoming an international city with its continuous development. I believe you must have a strong interest about Beijing culture. Welcome to Beijing.