1.Tomorrow never comes.我生待明日,万事成蹉跎。

2.Action speak louder than words.事实胜于雄辩。

3.The first step is the difficult.迈出第一步是最难的。

4.Well begun is half done.好的开始,是成功的一半。

5.Misfortunes tell us what future is.不经灾祸不知福。

6.Time cures all things.时间是医治一切的良药。

7.Storms make trees take deeper roots.风暴使树木深深扎根。

8.The shortest answer is doing.最简单的回答就是干。

9.Eat to live,but not live to eat.人吃饭是为了活着,但活着不是为了吃饭。

10.Grasp all,lose all.贪多必失。

11.Where there is life,there is hope.留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。

12.The greatest talkers are always least doers.语言的巨人总是行动的矮子。

13.Pursue breakthroughs in your life.追求自我的突破。

14.Never too old to learn.活到老,学到老。

15.Where there is smoke,there is fire.事出有因。

16.Not to advance is to go back.不进则退。

17.No way is impossible to courage.勇者无惧。

18.What you make of your life is up to you.你的生活你做主。

19.Nature is the true law.天行有常,不为尧存,不为桀亡。

20.Necessity is the mother of invention.需要是发明的动力。

21.Offense is the best defense.进攻是最好的防御。

22.Great hopes make great man.伟大的理想造就伟大的人。

23.Learn to walk before you run.先学走,再学跑。

24.One eyewitness is better than ten hearsays.百闻不如一见。

25.One false move may lose the game.一着不慎,满盘皆输。

26.One hour today is worth two tomorrow.争分夺秒效率高。

27. One man?s fault is other man?s lesson.前车之鉴。

28. One never loses anything by politeness.讲礼貌不吃亏。

29. Patience is the best remedy.忍耐是良药。

30. Penny wise,pound foolish.贪小便宜吃大亏。

31. Pleasure comes through toil.苦尽甘来。

32. A candle lights others and consumes itself.蜡烛照亮别人,却毁灭了自己。

33.Praise makes good men better,and bad men worse.好人越夸越好,坏人越夸越坏。

34. Youth means limitless possibilities.年轻就是无限可能。

35. There are two sides to every question.问题皆有两面。

36.Pride goes before,and shame comes after.骄傲使人落后。

37.Think twice before you do.三思而后行。

38.Promise is debt.一诺千金。

39.Reading is to the mind while exercise to the body.读书健脑,运动强身。

40.Knowledge is power.知识就是力量。

41.Once a thief ,always a thief.偷盗一次,做贼一世。

42.Respect yourself,or no one eose will respect you.要人尊重,必须自重。

43.Sating is one thing and doing another.言行不一。

44.Seeing is believing.眼见为实。

45.Seek the truth from facts.实事求是。

46.Set a thief to catch a thief.以贼捉贼。

47.The more noble, the more humble.人越高尚,越谦虚。

48.Speech is silver, silence is gold.能言是银,沉默是金。

49.There is no place like home.金窝银窝不如自己的狗窝。

50.Pour water into a sieve.竹篮打水一场空。

51.Success belongs to the persevering.坚持就是胜利。

52.Take things as they come.既来之,则安之。

53.Talking mends no holes.空谈无补。

54.Strike the iron while it is hot.趁热打铁。

55.Reading enriches the mend.开卷有益。

56.The best man stumbles.伟人也有犯错时。

57.The cat shuts its eyes when stealing.掩耳盗铃。

58.Rome is nor built in a day.冰冻三尺,非一日之寒。

59.The early bird catches the worm.早起的鸟儿有虫吃。

60.Pain past is pleasure.过去的痛苦是快乐。

61.The finest diamond must be cut.玉不琢,不成器。

62.Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

63.The grass is greener on the other side.这山望着那山高。

64.The higher up, the greater the fall.爬得高,摔得惨。

65.Prevention is better than cure.预防胜于治疗。

66.The more wit, the less courage.初生牛犊不怕虎。

67.Old friends and old wines are best.陈酒味酵,老友情深。

68.There are spots in the sun.太阳也有黑点。

69.Good company on the road is the shortest cut.行路有良伴就是捷径。

70.There is kindness to be found everywhere.人间处处有温情。

71.Something is better than nothing.聊胜于无。

72.There is no royal road to learning.书山有路勤为径,学海无涯苦作舟。

73.The water that bears the boat is the same that swallows it up.水能载舟,亦能覆舟。

74.The world is but a little place, after all.海内存知己,天涯若比邻。

75.Still water run deep.静水常深。

76.Things at the worst will mend.否(pǐ)极泰来

77.Time and tide wait for no man.时不我待。

78.To know everything is to know nothing.什么都知道,一如什么都不知道。

79.To know oneself is true progress.人贵有自知之明。

80.A bird in the hand is worth than two in the brush.一鸟在手胜过双鸟在林。

81.Too much knowledge makes the head bald.学问太多催人老。

82.Too much praise is a burden.过多夸奖,反成负担。

83.To save time is to lengthen life.节约生命就是延长生命。

84.Troubles never come singly.福无双至,祸不单行。

85.Truth never grows old.真理永存。

86Turn over a new leaf.洗心革面,改过自新。

87.The wise man is always a good listener.智者善听人言。 ——摘自《7年级英语完形填空》

★清华大学★英语系测试:为中小学生英语量身定做. 官方网站:


1. Was DengYaping born in Zhengzhou on February 6th , 1973?

2.The well-known basketball player called Air Jordan started

learning to play in the 1970s.

3.Donna holds a record for hicupping and sneezing.

4.You are never too young to start doing things.

5.The room is not big enough to hold so many people.

6.The room is too small to hold so many people.

7.The room is so small that it can?t hold so many people.

8.David runs too fast for us to follow. I?m sure that he can be the champion!

9.The talented Brazilian gymnast spends all his free time with the creative Asian violinist.

10.When LiYundi was a small boy, he could hum songs and many difficult pieces of music.

11.The running athlete wanted to eat live fish, so we caught some fishes alive. Are they alive now?

12.Jack made a living by performing Beijing Opera and lived a happy life.

13.Hingis became the number one women?s singles player at age the age of twenty four.

14.What do you major in ?/ What?s your major?

15.He went to Tsinghua University and majored in management.

16. He can play for the national team and win the championship and the gold medal.

17.My dream is to become an unusual and outstanding pianist in the future.

18.We toured (in) Poland, and took part in many accordion competitions.

19.The loving old man is kind to his grandson, and they often go ice skating together.

20.The golfer is good at golfing, and makes great achievements in playing golf.

21.I heard someone calling my name just now.

22.Taking part in the race is more important than being the champion.

23.Last Sunday, he didn?t go out because of the rain.

/ Last Sunday, he didn?t go out because it rained.

24.There isn?t a single person in the classroom.






6./7. 这个房间太小了,容不下这么多人。







14.你学什么专业/ 你的专业是什么?










★清华大学★英语系测试:为中小学生英语量身定做. 官方网站:


牛津英语9B Unit4 Great people教案

The first period

Welcome to this unit

Teaching goals:

1. To match pictures to words

2. To recognize and understand vocabulary about famous people

3. To learn more about some famous people


Who do you think is the greatest person that has ever lived?

He?s the person who invented my favourite food.

Teaching methods:

Listening , speaking, reading and writing


1. Lead-in: There are many great people in the world. Ask

students to name some of great people they know and say who they like best.

2. Welcome to the unit:

a. Present some pictures of famous people and ask students to guess what these famous people were.

b. Present new vocabulary.

c. Ask students why they can be famous people and introduce what they did to students.

d. Complete “welcome to the unit” in class. Students can work in pairs to complete the exercises.

3 . Comic strips:

a. Play the tape and students listen to the tape to get the

main idea.

b. Students read after the tape twice.

c. Ask some questions about the conversation.

d. Students read it in pairs and act it out.

e. Why do people admire great people? Discuss and take

down notes.


Recite the conversation in the comic.

The second period

Reading (I)

Teaching aims:

1. To become familiar with and appreciate biographical writing.

2. To understand related details and information.

3. To infer general meaning from pictures ,title and context. Difficulties:

1. at the age of

2. work as

3. it was better to be safe than sorry

4. order sb to do sth

5. cut sth / sb short

Teaching methods; Listening , speaking , reading and writing Procedure:

1. Background information:

2. Explain the context. Simon is reading an article about a

famous astronaut, Neil Armstrong. Ask students whether they know when the first man walked on the moon. Also ask them if they know the names of the first two men who walked on the moon. Tell students that they will learn more about men visiting the moon in the reading passage.

3. Students listen to the recording for the first three paragraphs and then read them after the tape again.

4. Do True or False questions to check understanding of the first three paragraphs.

a. Neil Armstrong was born in the 1940s.

b. He flew in an aero plane when he was six.

c. The Gemini 8 mission is all about star signs.

d. Gemini 8 landed in the USA.

e. Neil Armstrong received his student pilot?s license when he was 15.

f. Neil Armstrong successfully brought the spacecraft

down into the western Pacific Ocean when Gemini 8 was out of control.

g. Ask students to scan the first three paragraphs and

underline the new words. Encourage them to explain the words to the class in English.

5 . Language points:

a. at the age of… =when sb was … years old

The boy could swim at the age of 5.

= The boy could swim when he was 5 years old. b. work as…

He worked as a teacher when he finished school. c. better safe than sorry

= it is wiser to be too careful than to act too quickly

and do something that may be regretted later.

d. order sb (not) to do sth

The commander ordered the soldiers to stand in line. The doctor ordered me not to work for a long time and

have a good rest.

e. cut sb/sth short

The interviewer cut short his guest in mid-sentence. Homework:

1. Recite the paragraphs.

2. Preview the following paragraphs..

The third period

Reading (II)

Teaching aims:

1. To identify specific meaning in different contexts.

2. To check understanding by answering some questions.

3. To consolidate the understanding of the passage.


There are reports that say Armstrong and Aldrin saw alien


It is said that Neil Armstrong sent a message to Mission Control

which said that…

The most important award that Armstrong got for his service was

the Medal of Freedom

Armstrong is the person who made people round the world realize


Teaching methods: Listening speaking reading and writing. Procedures:

1. Revision

When did Neil Armstrong become the first man that walked on the moon?

What did Armstrong do when Gemini 8 was out of control?

2. Listen to the tape about the following four paragraphs and read after recording.

Ask and answer to check comprehension:

1. Which was the first spacecraft to land on the moon?

2. How many people walked on the moon from Apollo11?

3. What did Armstrong and Aldrin do on the moon?

4. What did astronauts take back to Earth?

5. What do people think the Aliens tried to do?

6. What was the highest award that Neil Armstrong received?

3. Language points:

a. There are reports that say…

这是由关系词that引导的定语从句。当先行词是人或物时,我们可以使用关系代词that 来引导。

The money that is in the wallet is mine.

Do you know the boy (that )my mother is talking to? b. It is said that…

It is said that he has got married.

c. Neil Armstrong sent a message to Mission Control which said…


Where is the book which/that I bought this mornig?

The building which/that stands by the river is our school. e. Neil Armstrong is the person who made people round the

world realize that…


The man who/that I saw is called Smith.

The woman who/that spoke at the meeting yesterday is my mother.


4. Read the passage again and rearrange the following sentences:

(1) Neil Armstrong was born on 5th August 1930.

(2) Armstrong received his student pilot\s licece

(3) Armstrong became a naval pilot

(4) Gemini 8 went into space

(5) Two men walked on the moon for the first time

(6) Apollo 11 returned to Earth

(7) Armstrong was awarded the Medal of Freedom Homework:

1. Recite the paragraphs of reading part.

2. Preview vocabulary.

The fourth period


Teaching aims:

To understand the concept of an idom.

To understand English idoms and when to use them.

Teaching Process:

Step one :Read the explanation at the top of page 58

aloud .Make sure that students understand the concept of idoms. Encourage students to ask questions if they are unsure.

Step two: For weaker classes, ask students to give you examples of Chinese idoms to make sure they understand the concept.

Step three: Explain the context of the exercise. Simon is reading a book about idoms. Students must look at the pictures and match the meanings from the box with the correct idoms below the pictures.

Step four: For weaker classes, ask students to read the sentences in the box and find out what these sentences mean. Review some phases,e.g., are involved in , close to and in power. Then ask students to work in pairs and match the meanings with the correct idioms. Encourage students to ask questions if they are unsure of anything.

Stepfive: For stronger classes, ask students to complete the

exercise independently .For weaker classes, students can work in


Step six: Check answers as a class. Ask one student at a time to read out one idom and its meaning. Listen for mistakes and mispronunciation.

Step seven: Ask more able students to think of Chinese idioms which have similar meanings to those on pages 58 and 59.

The fifth period

Grammar (I)


1. To understand and use defining relative clause correctly .

2. To use relative pronouns correctly .

Part A

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Go through the explanation at the top of page60.

Encourage students to ask questions if there is anything they are unsure of . Give students extra examples if necessary .

Step2 Explain the context . Kitty and Peter are talking about who they want to write about . Ask students to read sentences

and decide which contain defining relative clause .

Step3 More able students can complete this exercise

independently. Allow less able students to work in pairs .

Step4 When all students have finished , ask two students to read the dialogue . Ask them to stop after each sentence and the other students raise their hands and say if it contains a defining relatives clause .Check for mistakes and mispronunciation .

Step5 Ask students to think about what structure the first and the third sentences contain .Review ?wh-words+to-infinitive? and object clauses introduced by ?that? . Ask less able students to refer to the grammar items in Unit3 of 9A and Unit1 of 9B . Extension activity

1. Ask students to think of some famous people from China . Encourage them to think of great people , rather than famous film stars . Write the names on the board ,

e.g. Yang liwei

Yuan Longping

He Zhengliang

2. Have students get into pairs and ask each pair choose a famous person from China .Ask them

What is this person famous for ?

How has he \she helped China ?

How has he \she helped society ?

Each pair works out the answers to the questions for the

person they have chosen .Then each pair reads out their answers .

The sixth period

Grammar (II)

Part B

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Go through the table at the top of page 61 . Then read the three example sentences. Tell students that the arrows show the people or things the relative pronouns are referring to.

Step2 Explain the context of the exercise . Daniel is completing some notes about Bruce Lee. Students help Daniel use the correct relative pronouns. In stronger classes, encourage students to

complete this exercise independently , as this will help you gauge how well students have understood the grammar topic . In weaker classes , students can work in pairs or small groups .

Step3 Explain to students that both ?which? and ?that? can be used as relative pronouns to refer to things ,but we normally use

?that? as the relative pronoun when the noun it refers to is

qualified by an ordinal number, e.g. ?the first?, ?the second?, ?the last? .

Step4 Once all students have finished ,ask five students to each read out a completed sentence .Listen for mistakes and


Step5 Explain the context of partB2 . Millie is looking at a web page about Albert Einstein on the Internet .Students will rearrange the words and add correct relative pronouns to from sentences .

Step6 Divide the class into groups of four . Each group must nominate a write who will write down the answers on a piece of paper .Each group must work together to come up with the answers .

Additional exercise

Read the sentences about Albert Einstein . Write a T if the sentences is true , Write an F if it is false .

1. Albert Einstein was a physicist who was born in Germany .

( )

2. The subject that Einstein liked best at school was English .

( )

3. The award that Einstein won was the Bronze Bravery Award .

( )

4. Einstein was a great scientist who was admired by many people . ( )

Extension activity

1. Ask students whether they like Bruce Lee . In stronger classes , ask students to justify their answers using the structure . ?I like\ do not like Bruce Lee because…?

2. Ask students whether they know the names of any Bruce Lee films on the board ,e.g.

Fists of Fury 《精武门》

The Way of the Dragon 《猛龙过江》

Enter the Dragon 《龙争虎斗》

The seventh period

Integrated skills

Part A

Teaching aims:

To extract information from a profile.

To complete notes.

To extract information from a recording about Marie Curie. To complete a presentation.

Teaching procedures:

1 Millie is making some notes about Marie Curie for her presentation. Ask a student to read the information about Marie Curie at the top of page64.Ask students to raise their hands if they have any questions .

2 Explain to students that they will not be able to find all the information they need to complete the notes in Part A1 from the profile. However, they should try to find as much

information as they can . Tell less able students that they can find the answers to notes.1,2,9,10,11,12 and 18 in the profile. 3 Tell students they can complete the rest of the notes by

listening to the recording about Marie Curie. Tell them to listen carefully for the answers they have not yet found.

4 Play the recording through once, without stopping ,Ask students not to write anything, just to listen the first time round.

5 Play the recording again. Stop every now and then to give students time to write if necessary ,especially for weaker classes . For stronger classes, you should be able to play the recording all the way through without stopping.

6 Play the recording again without stopping for the students to check their answers.

7 Ask students to volunteer their answers . Listen for mistakes and mispronunciation.

8 Explain to students that they can use the notes from page 64 to help them complete Millie?s presentation .

9. Divide the class into group of four .Each group must work together to come up with the correct answers , Each group must swap their answer sheet to anther group once they have finished .

10. Ask one students to read one answer at a time . Encourage students to listen for mistakes and raise their hands when they have a questions .

Part B

Teaching aims:

To talk about famous people and why we admire them . Teaching procedures:

1. Explain the context . Millie and Simon are talking about the famous people .

2. Select two more able students to play the role of Millie and Simon . Ask them to read the conversation aloud .

3. Ask students to work in pairs . Encourage them to read the

conversation aloud .Then ask students to talk about some famous people they admire . Remind them to use Millie and Simon?s conversation as a model .

4. As you walk around the class , commend students on any parts they do particularly well . Try not to criticize students too much on their spoken English ,as this can be discouraging .



1. English .

2. To identify where stress falls in a word.

3. To place stress on the correct part of a word .

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Ask students whether they always know where to put the stress on the correct part of a word in English . Explain to them that the position of the stress can affect the meaning of some words .

e.g. produce is a verb which means to make or grow ,produce is a noun which means things that have been produced .

Read the guidelines at the top of page 66 .Ask students to raise their hands if they have any questions .

Step2 Ask students to look at the rules in the tables . Explain to students that the syllables highlighted in bold are the syllables need to stress .

Step3 Read the text in the boxes aloud . Say each example word clearly and slowly for students to hear . Ask students to repeat each word after you . Keep practicing until students get the stress correct .

Step4 Randomly pick students and ask them to say a word . Listen carefully to check if they have got the stress in the correct place .

Step5 Explain the context of the exercise . Mr Wu is teaching about stress in words . Students have to listen to the recording and underlined the syllables that are stressed .

Step6 Play the recording through once for students to hear . Tell students just to listen , not to write anything down .

Step7 Play the recording again and encourage students to imitate what they hear on the recording . Encourage all the students to pronounce the words out loud and underlined the stressed syllables .

Step8 Ask ten different students to read the ten words out loud . Check that students have placed the stress on the correct syllables .

The ninth period

Main task


1. To read and understand notes about a famous person .

2. To use notes to complete a piece of writing about a famous person .

3. To do independent research about a famous person .

4. To write a draft about a famous person .

5. To give a presentation to the class about a famous person . Part A

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Review key vocabulary with students . Write the following o the blackboard :

devoting a religious woman (nun)

builder a change of direction (turning

point )

nun dedicating , doing nothing

else (devoting )

turning point a person who makes houses


Ask students to raise their hands when they know the meaning of

a word . If a student has the correct answer , he\she comes to the front of the class and draws a line between the word and its meaning . The students then choose the next student to come to the front of the class . Continue until all of the words have been lined correctly .

Step2 Tell students that Amy made some notes about his

mother Teresa . Explain that producing notes as Amy has done is useful when organizing thoughts and events . It can be a good way to plan their things .

Step3 Explain to students that these notes show the major

points in Mother Teresa?s life , and are in chronological order , the order in which they happened .

Step4 Ask one student at a time to read a note . Encourage students to ask questions if they are unsure the meaning of any words .

Part B

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Ask students to complete Amy?s draft in PartB . Remind them that they should use the information in PartA Page67 to help them .

Step2 Once students have finished , read the text out loud for them . Pause at the blanks and ask the students to raise their

hands if they know the correct answers . Complete this exercise as a class .

Part C

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Explain to students that they must choose one person to give a presentation about . Remind the students not to write about Mother Teresa or Neil Armstrong ---they should try to think of a famous person that hasn?t been mentioned in this unit ,or at least one that has not been mentioned in detail . Step2 Ask students to work on their own to complete this exercise . Each presentation should be unique and original . Encourage students to make a list of all the information they want to find out about their chosen person .

Step3 Remind students that they also have to think about why they admire him\her . Tell students that this is subjective ,so there are no right or wrong answers to this questions . Encourage

students to express their thoughts and feelings about this person as fully as possible .

The tenth period



1. To review key vocabulary and grammar items taught in this unit .

2. To give students the opportunity to practice the grammar and vocabulary items , and to gain confidence through doing so .

3. To allow students to check their process and ask any questions they may still have .

Suggested teaching procedures

Step1 Tell students that this is revision and they have already learned these words and grammar items ,so that they don?t feel too alarmed .

Step2 Ask students whether they remember when to use

?who?,?that? and ?which?.If they do not , remind them to go back to the Grammar section and revise these points .

Step3 Encourage students to work on their own to complete PartA .When students have finished , they should raise their hands .

Step4 Ask seven students to role-play the conversation .The rest of the class check their answers and write the score in the paw. Step5 PartB is a fairly straightforward exercise . Students

should be able to complete the exercise independently . This will give you an idea of how much information students have understood about the vocabulary and idioms.

Step6 Once all students have finished , ask four students to read out an answer each . Listen for mistakes and mispronunciation . Students check their answers and write the score in the paw .

★清华大学★英语系测试:为中小学生英语量身定做. 官方网站: 清华大学英语教授50年研究成果

词法句法基本知识 1词类(parts of speech)



2句子成分 (members of sentences) (1)句子成分:组成句子的各个部分。




由名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词、从句等充当。 This fish is rich in oil.这种鱼很肥。 (4)谓语动词(Predicate Verb):


1) 简单谓语:由动词(或短语动词)或助动词+动词构成。 可以有不同的时态,语态和语气。

We study for the people. 我们为人民学习。(动词) I am studying in the classroom now. (助动词am+现在分词studing)

2) 复合谓语:情态动词+动词原形

I can speak a little Eng'lish. 我可以说一点英语。


宾语表示动作行为的对象,跟在及物动词或介词之后。 能作宾语的有名词,代词,数词,动词、不定式、动名词、从句等。

China. 一些及物动词可以带两个宾语,往往一个指人,一个指物,指人的叫间接宾语,指物的叫直接宾语。 He gave me some ink. 他给了我一点墨水。


We make him our monitor. 我们选他当班长。






We are Chinese.




This is an exciting movie.


The bike in the room is mine. 房间里的自行车是我的。

(8)状语(Adverbial): 修饰动词,形容词,副词以及全句的句子成分,叫做状语。说明方式、因果、条件、时间、地点、让步、方向、程度、目的等。

用作状语的通常是副词,介词短语,不定式和从句等。 状语一般放在被修饰的词之后或放在句尾。副词作状语时可放在被修饰的词前或句首。

He lives in London. 他住在伦敦。

He runs fast.




We elected him monitor. He was elected monitor. I often find him at work. 我经常发现他在工作.

I saw a cat running across the road. 我看见一只猫跑过了马路.




We students should study hard. (students是we的同位语,都是指同一批?学生?)

We all are students. (all是we的同位语,都指同样的?我们?)

This is Mr.zhao, our headmaster.

(11)插入语(Parenthesis):一些句中插入的 I think , I believe等。

To be frank, I don?t quite agree with you.

3.基本句型(Basic Sentence Patterns):英语中千变万化的句子归根结底都是由以下五种基本句型组合、扩展、变化而来的:

1)主 + SV)例如:

I We

2)主 + 动 + SVP)例如:

John is 约翰忙。

状态系动词 be

持续系动词 keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand,

He always kept silent at meeting. 他开会时总保持沉默。 This matter rests a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。

表像系动词seem, appear, look,

He looks tired. 他看起来很累。

He seems (to be) very sad. 他看起来很伤心。

感官系动词feel, smell, sound, taste,

This kind of cloth feels very soft.这种布手感很软。

This flower smells very sweet.这朵花闻起来很香。

变化系动词become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run, He became mad after that. 自那之后,他疯了。

She grew rich within a short time. 她没多长时间就富了。 终止系动词prove, trun out, 表达"证实","变成"之意, The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。

The search proved difficult. 搜查证实很难。

His plan turned out a success. 他的计划终于成功了。(turn out表终止性结果)

3)主 + 动 + SVO)例如:


动词+副词:He thought it over all the night.

He thought over the plan all the night.

动词+介词:He thought about it /the plan all the night.

4)主 + 动 + + SVOiOd)例如:

My mother made 我母亲给我做了一件新


5)主 + 动 + 宾 + SVOC)例如:

Time would prove me 时间会证明我是对的。 We made him

比较:We made him a good student.



1) 陈述句(Declarative Sentences):说明一个事实或陈述一种看法。

Light travels faster than sound. 光比声速度快。 (说明事实)

The film is rather boring. 这部电影很乏味。

2) 疑问句(Interrogative Sentences):提出问题。有以下四种: a.一般疑问句(General Questions):be, have, 情态动词,助动词开头

Can you finish the work in time? 你能按时完成工作吗? b.特殊疑问句(W Questions; H Questions):疑问代词、疑问副词

Where do you live? 你住那儿?

How do you know that? 你怎么知道那件事?

who, what, which作主语,按第三人称单数看

what is sb.?问职业 Who is sb.?问姓名或与某人的关系

what is the date…?问日期 What day is…?问星期几 how many how much how long how soon how often how many times

c.选择疑问句(Alternative Questions):

Do you want tea or coffee? 你是要茶还是要咖啡? d.反意疑问句(Tag-Questions):陈述句+简略问句

He doesn't know her, does he? 他不认识她,对不对? ①陈述句含否定词no,never,hardly,little


③陈述句主语为these/those/nobody/everybody/somebody, 简略问句主语为they

④陈述句主语为there be 句型,简略问句用there:

There will be a meeting tomorrow, won?t there?

⑤陈述句为复合句,简略问句的主语和助动词与主句一致: She lived in Beijing when she was young, didn?t she?


定/否定与主句对应,而主语和时态要与宾语从句一致。 I do not think that you are a student, are you? ⑥陈述句和简略问句情态动词/助动词要保持一致,但有例外:




have to ----don?t

ought to--- oughtn?t


must (必要)----needn?t

must be/do(表示猜测)---be/do

must have done(对过去某一时间的事情推测)----didn?t must have done(对发生在过去但对现在造成影响的动作进行


must not(表禁止)---may


否定祈使句+will you?

肯定祈使句+won?t you?(表示邀请)

肯定祈使句+ will you?

Let?s(包括对方)…+shall we?(表示建议)

Let us(不包括对方)…+ will you?(表示请求)

Let+第三人称…+ will you?

3)祈使句(Imperative Sentences):提出请求,建议或发出命令,例如:

Sit down, please. 请坐。Don't be nervous! 别紧张!

4)感叹句(Exclamatory Sentences):表示说话人惊奇、喜悦、愤怒等情绪,例如:

What good news it is! 多好的消息啊!

What a beautiful park it is!

How beautiful park it is!

How beautiful the park is!

How well she dances!


1)简单句(Simple Sentences):只包含一个主谓结构句子叫简单句,例如:

She is fond of collecting stamps. 她喜欢集邮。

(主) (谓)

2)并列句(Compound Sentences):包含两个或两个以上主谓结构的句子叫并列句,句与句之间通常用并列连词或分号来连接,


The food had little appetite. 食物很精美,但他却没什么胃口

(主) (谓) (主) (谓)

3)复合句(Complex Sentences):包含一个主句从句和一个或几个从句的句子叫复合句,从句由从属连词引导,例如: The film had begun when we got to the cinema.

主句 从句

★清华大学★英语系测试:为中小学生英语量身定做. 官方网站:/



(一)Ready or not, some day it will all come to an end. There will be no more sunrises, no days, no hours or m_____. All the things you collected, whether treasured or forgotten, will pass to s_____ else.

Your wealth, fame and temporal(暂时的) power will shrivel(皱缩) to irrelevance(枝节问题). It will not matter what you o____ or what you were owed.

Your grudges(嫉妒), resentments(憎恨), frustrations(挫折), and jealousies will finally disappear.

So, too, your hopes, ambitions, plans, and to-do lists will all expire(到期). The wins and losses that once seemed so i________ will fade(枯萎) away.

It won't matter where you came from, or on what side of the tracks you lived.

It won't matter whether you were beautiful or brilliant. Your gender, skin color, ethnicity(种族划分) will be irrelevant. So what will matter? How will the v____ of your days be measured?

What will matter is not what you bought, but what you built; not what you got, but what you gave.

What will matter is not your s_____, but your significance(意义,含义).

What will matter is not what you learned, but what you taught.

What will matter is every act of integrity(正直), compassion, courage and sacrifice that enriched, empowered or encouraged

others to emulate(竞争) your example.

What will matter is not your competence, but your c______. What will matter is not how many people you knew, but how many will feel a lasting loss when you're g____.

What will matter is not your memories, but the memories of those who l___ you.

What will matter is how long you will be remembered, by whom and for what.

Living a life that matters doesn't happen by a______.

It's not a matter of circumstance(环境,情况) but of choice. Choose to live a life that matters.


C_______? YOU. In all time before now and in all time to c____, there has never been and will never be anyone just like you. You are unique(唯一的) in the entire history and future of the universe(宇宙). Wow! Stop and think about that. You're better than one in a m____, or a billion, or a gazillion…

You are the o____ one like you in a sea of infinity!!!

You're amazing! You're awesome! And by the way, TAG, you're it. As amazing and awesome(可怕的) as you already are, you can be even more so. Beautiful young people are the whimsy(异想天

开) of nature, but beautiful old p______ are true works of art. But you don't become "beautiful" just by virtue of the aging process.

Real beauty comes from l_____, growing, and loving in the ways of life. That is the Art of Life. You can learn slowly, and sometimes painfully, by just waiting for life to happen to you. Or you can c_____ to accelerate your growth and intentionally devour life and all it offers. You are the artist that paints your f______ with the brush of today.

Paint a Masterpiece(杰作).

God gives every bird its food, but he doesn't throw it into its nest. Wherever you w___ to go, whatever you want to do, it's t_____ up to you.

(三)Anna really wanted to do s_____ significant(有意义的) for her school before she went to c_____. But she couldn?t think of anything meaningful that would i_______ the lives of her schoolmates.

One day, Anna saw a girl sitting by the school pond crying. Anna went up to her and said, “Are you okay? Is there a______ I can do to help?” Anna found out that the girl was in her first year and was having t_____ coping with her schoolwork. Then, Anna

had an idea. She would start a tutoring group where seniors could h___ juniors who were struggling in their subjects.

Before long, many seniors v_______ to join Ann?s tutoring group. Soon, Anna also started other support groups like “I?m not A______” which provided counseling(咨询服务) for students whose parents had been divorced(离婚) and “Crime Fighters” where students helped prevent theft. Anna was h____ that she made a difference in her peers? lives. She was showered with flowers of appreciation f____ her friends at her graduation!

(四)Maybe YOU c____ start a peer support group too? Here?s a list of peer support groups that you can start: You can s_____ a group that

(1)Helps students quit s____.(2)Helps students quit d_____ and gambling.(3)Counsels students with health p_____(.4)Helps new students adjust to school life.(5)Provides graduating students with i_______ on further studies.(6)Helps students who have abusive parents.(7)Helps students who a___ emotionally

unstable.(8)Helps students who come from low-income f_______.


Growing up, I always wanted a dog. Probably b_______ most

of my friends had them, my favorite TV families had them, and it just seemed normal, and American, to have a pooch in the house. My Dad is very clean. Not j___ clean, I might say more Danny Tannerish in his habits. As in, he hoses down the backyard, and front walkway, and even gets halfway down the street, just for fun, until we have to yell, “Dad, you?re wasting water! You can?t hose down the world!” Then he stops, and comes inside, and starts the very important task of scrubbing(洗刷) the fingerprint smudges(污点) off the walls.

So, no dog. When I was eight, we m____ across town to a larger house, with a pool, in a “safer” neighborhood, in a gated community with a large yard. I was very a______ moving. Why, I cried, were we picking up and deserting everything and everyone we knew and loved?! Our old house was great, we had an avocado(鳄梨) tree, it was on a super steep(泡,浸) hill, what more could you want?! Well, in order to calm(平静的) me down, I guess, my parents told me that we could get a dog when we moved to the new, barren(荒芜的) home. I was sold. I quickly shut my trap.

I feel it was serendipitous(偶然发现的) that we didn?t get a dog after the move. My parents said that I would never walk it, which I vehemently(激烈地) denied, but which was probably

true. And saying we would get a dog and not f_____ through was pretty much the ONLY thing my parents ever promised that didn?t happen in my life so far. I guile them about it for a few

years, sobbing(湿透的) on holidays when I said “the only thing I want is a dog” and refused p_______. Then snuck(偷偷走动) them into my room on the sly.

I am in my twenties now, and our new roommate just moved in. She has a dog. A West Highland Terrier, or Westie, as they are known. He is fluffy, but not too fluffy(绒毛似的), small, but not too small, white, but not too white. He is p______.

I don?t even believe in perfection really, but this dog is perfect for ME. Its the dog I always dreamt of having, and it loves me as I knew a dog would. It follows me into the bathroom when I shower. At first we would s____ each other, I was not used to having a non-human, living thing with a beating heart following me around and it would surprise me around corners.

Slowly, we got used to e____ other. Now I can tell when the dog needs to go out, or when he just sees a few birds in our yard. I give the doggie water, I walk him, and I teach him boundaries(边界). My boyfriend was impressed(打记号) when I taught him how to lie in his bed while the humans are eating, so as not to bother us. “I can?t b______ he listens to you.” As Cesar Millan

would say, I am the Alpha Dog.

In some ways, I am glad I have (been forced to) wait until this age to have a dog around. I don?t take him for granted. I am happy every m______ when I wake up and hear his little nails clicking across the floor. We are a good match. I can see how a dog is not for everyone. They are very needy and require a lot of attention and affection and structure.

Now my parents are semi-retired but my Dad travels a lot for work. He?s off to Luxembourg, Mexico, or the Turks and Caicos every month. I ask my Mom if she would like a dog to k_____ her company. She says no, she has a step dog now (ours) and she can visit it whenever she wants.

And yes, my furry friend will go with me wherever I want to go and whenever, he is very accommodating(肯行方便的) like that.

(一)1,minutes 2,someone 3,owned 4,important 5,value 6,success 7,character 8,gone 9,loved 10,accident

(二)1,consider 2,come 3,million 4,only 5,people 6,learning 7,choose 8,future 9,want 10,truly

(三)1,something 2,college 3,influence 4,anything 5,trouble

6,help 7, volunteered 8,alone 9,happy 10,from

(四)1,could 2,start 3,smoking 4,drinking 5,problems

6,information 7,are 8,families

(五)1,because 2,just 3,moved 4,against 5,following 6,presents

7,perfect 8,scare 9,each 10,believe 11,morning 12,keep





(考试时间120分钟 总分120分)

年级:姓名: 得分:

I. 按要求写出字母。(15分)

写出小写:A G J H I P S Z


写出大写:b d w q k u v e m n


II. 词汇。(10分)


III. 看图写单词(5分)

IV. 单项选择。(25分)

( ) 1. — — I?m OK, thank you.

A. What?s this? B. Hello! C.

How are you?

( ) 2. — — It?s a backpack.

A. What color is it? B. How are you? C.

What?s this in English!

( ) 3. —is the jacket? — It?s white.

A. What B. What color C.


( ) 4. — Spell it, please.


A. It?s a ruler. B. R–U–L–E–R.

C. It?s yellow.

( ) 5. — — Helen.

A. What?s your name? B. What?s this?

C. How are you?

( ) 6. — Nice to meet you, Eric! —

A. Nice to meet you, too B. How do you do? C.

Good afternoon.

( ) 7. — Is this — No, it?s


A. an, a B. an, an

C. a, an

( ) 8. His name is Jim Smith. Smith is his name.

A. English B. first

C. last

( ) 9. She is a girl. Her name is A. Bob B. Alice

C. Jim.

( ) 10. — Is this your key? —

A. Yes, it?s. B. No, it isn?t.

C. No, it is.

( ) 11. That my mother. These brothers.

A. is, are B. am, are C.

are, is

( ) 12. Hello! This is sister, Gina.

A. my B. I C.


( ) 13. — Where?s my baseball? — on the chair.

A. They?re B. It C. It?s

( ) 14. — Is the cat ( 猫 ) the sofa?

— No, it isn?t. It?s the table.

A. on, to B. to, in C. on,


( ) 15. — Tom, where?s my pencil? —

A. Yes, I know. B. No, I don?t know. C.

Sorry, I don?t know.

( ) 16. This is my name is John.

A、Its B、My C、His D、Her

( ) 17. This pen.

A、a B、an C、the D、one

( ) 18. This is my new friend. China.

A、in B、of C、at D、for

( ) 19. What?English? It?s a pen.

A、in B、on C、of D、at

( ) 20. I

A、but B、and C、or D、with

( ) are my good friends.

A、You and he B、He and you

C、You and him D、Him and you

( ) 22. 14、My name is Diana is my family name.

A、Diana B、Smith C、Diana Smith

D、Smith Diana

( ) 23. I can play basketball, but my


A、don't B、can't C、doesn't D、isn't

( ) 24. The rulers under the bed in her room.

A、is B、am C、are


( ) 25. --- Can you play computer games?


A、Yes, I do. B、Yes, I can. C、No, I do.

D、No, I'm not.

V. 完成下列对话,每空一词。(10分)

A: my pencils on your desk?

B: No, are not. Sorry.

A: Hmm. are my pencils?

B: they in your pencil case?

A: Let me see. Yes, are. Thank you.

VI. 选择方框中的词填入对话中。(10分)


Conversation A:

A: Hi! My name is Nick.


your last name, Nick?

last name is Smith.

Conversation B:

play basketball.

like basketball. It?s .

a computer?

B: A: Let?s play computer games!

B: That?s good.

VII. 完形填空。(15分)

Lisa: Hello, Tony.

Tony: Hi, Lisa. 1 this?

Lisa: 2 a bag, a green bag.

Tony: What's in the bag?

Lisa: There 3 a new pair of gloves (一双新手套). Tony: What 4 are they?

Lisa: Look, they are blue.

Tony: They are 5 . I like them.

Lisa: 6 .

Tony: Whose(谁的) gloves are there? Are they 7 gloves?

Lisa: No. They are too 8 . They are for(给) my mother.

Tony: Are they 9 ?

Lisa: Yes, they're new. I buy(买) them for my mother. Her gloves are old.

Tony: You are your mother's good 10 .

( ) 1、A、How is B、What's C、Where is


( ) 2、A、This are B、They are C、It's

D、That is

( ) 3、A、is B、have C、has D、are

( ) 4、A、coat B、shoes C、colour D、number

( ) 5、A、small B、new C、yellow D、nice

( ) 6、A、But I don't B、Me, too C、Thank

you D、Sorry

( ) 7、A、my B、your C、you D、old

( ) 8、A、small B、new C、good D、big

( ) 9、A、big B、small C、new D、black

( ) 10、A、sister B、brother C、son D、daughter

VIII. 阅读理解。(10分)

Hello. I am Chinese. My name is Wang Fei. I am thirteen. I am in No.5 Middle School in Nanjing. This is my friend. His name is Tony Green. He is an English boy. He is twelve. He and I are in the same(相同) class. Our classroom is next to(相邻) the teachers' office. We have Chinese and English lessons every day. Our English teacher is Mr. Read. He is English but he can speak Chinese, too. Our Chinese teacher is Mr. Ding. They are good teachers, and they are our friends, too.

( ) 1、 Tony Green .

A、has a Chinese friend in England B、is in an English school now

C、is Wang Fei's English teacher D、has a Chinese friend in China now

( ) 2、Wang Fei .

A、is a student of No. 5 school B、is in an English school

C、is twelve D、and Tony Green are in the same class

( ) 3、Mr Read is

A、Wang Fei's English teacher B、Tony's Chinese teacher

C、a teacher of English school in Nanjing D、in Wang Fei's class

( ) 4、Mr .

A、can speak English, too B、is a teacher of


C、and Wang Fei have Chinese classes every day

D、is our English teacher

( ) 5、Tony Green is .

A、China B、America C、England D、Australia VI.给问句找出对应的答语,把代号填在前面的括号里(5分)

( ) 1、Where's the football?


( ) 2、What colour is your new cat?


( ) 3、Can you draw the flowers?


( ) 4、Is the cap on Daming's head?

black and white.

( ) 5、How many birds can you see?

under the chair.


1、The computers are 就划线部分提问) the computers?

2、He can play basketball and football. (改为一般疑问句)

he play basketball football?


is it?

4、My name is Han Meijuan.(写出问句)

E、It's D、It's C、Yes, I B、 A、No, it


your pen?

VIII.给你的朋友Jane写一封信, 介绍你家庭成员。不少于5





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