人教版新课标高一英语必修一词组归纳总结

高一英语必修1词组归纳总结

Unit 1 Friendship

be good to … 对….友好 add up … 合计

another time 改时间 get sth done 使…被做 calm down 镇定下来 have got to do … 不得不

be concerned about… 关心…;挂念… walk the dog 遛狗

make a list of … 列出

share sth with sb 和某人分享某物 go through … 经历;仔细检查 hide away… 躲藏;隐藏 set down… 放下;记下 a series of …一系列;一套 be crazy about … 对…着迷 on purpose 故意

in order to/ so as to… 为了 face to face 面对面地

according to … 按照;根据…所说 get along with… 与…相处 pack up… 收拾,打理行装

have trouble with sb/sth做…有困难 fall in love with … 相爱

throw away the friendship 放弃/终止友谊 try out… 试验;试用 join in 参加(活动)

communicate with sb 和…交际 far and wide 到处

look to sth 注意,留心某事

cheat sb (out) of sth 骗取某人某物

have the/a habit of doing sth 有做…的习惯 be ignorant of … 无知的

1. I wonder if… 我想知道是否…. 2. It’s because… 这是因为….

此从句中because不能用since或as 代替

3. What do you think a good friend should be like? 你认为一个好朋友应该是什么样的呢?

4. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.

=While you were walking the dog, …在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。 (当while, when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。)

5. Do you want a friend whom you could tell

everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 你想有一位无话不谈、能推心置腹的朋友吗?

6. I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我已经很久不能去户外,所以我变得对自然界的所有东西都很感兴趣。

7. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,曾有一段时间,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未使我心醉神迷过。

8. It was the first time that I’d (=I had) seen the night face to face. 这是我第一次目睹夜晚。 9. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. 如果您给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 (I would be grateful if… 委婉客气提出请求) 10. It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. 记日记对你来说是个好习惯。 11. She found it difficult to settle .

12. This series of readers is very interesting. 13. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

14. People are told that their actions should be as gentle as the wind that blows from the sea.

Unit 2 English around the world

in…ways 在…方面 be different from 与…不同

play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 play an important role/ part in… 在…中起重要作用 because of …因为;由于 such as 例如

believe it or not 信不信由你

come up (vi) 走进;上来;发生;被讨论 come up with… 提出

come up to a place 参观某地 ever before 从前

at the end of …在…末期 even if/ though… 即使 be based on …在...基础上 close to… 距离…近

make (good/ full) use of…(好好/充分)利用 change…into …把…变成…

in the early days 在早期

from one place to another 从一处到另一处 take…with…随身携带

the same…as ….与…相同的… at present 目前

as a rule 通常;照例

be present at ….在席;出席 carry out a rule 执行规则 be absent from… 缺席 be a native of… 是…人

present sth to sb / present sb with sth be native to …是…的土产动物/植物 at sb’s request 应某人的要求 have a command of…掌握 make a request 请求 give commands 命令

request that …(should)+v原形 in one direction 朝一个方向

an international language 一门国际语言 an international organization 一个国际组织 in the 1600’s = in the 1600s as we know 正如我们所知

1. However, they may not be able to understand everything.

(然而,他们可能不是什么都懂。)

2. This is because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.

(这是因为英国于17xx年到19xx年统治过印度。)

3. All languages change when cultures communicate with one another.

(当不同文化互相沟通时,所有的语言都会发生变化。)

4. What the British call “petrol” the Americans call “gas”.

(美国人把被英国人称作“petrol”的东西称作“gas”。 此处what引导宾语从句)

5. Actually, it was based more on German than present day English. (实际上,当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。)

6. …those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.

7. The US is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.

(in which= where, 其引导定语从句。 美国是一个大国,国内说着许许多多的方言。)

8. There is more than one kind of English in the world.

(more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数)

9. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。)

句型:It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是…

扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth

eg: It’s kind of you to help me carry the box.

Unit 3 Travel Journal

one-way fare 单程票 round-trip fare 往返票

dream of/ about doing sth 梦想做某事 graduate from 从…毕业

go for long bike rides 做长途自行车旅行 persuade sb to do sth

= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth 说服某人不做某事 = persuade sb out of doing sth

get sb interested in 使某人对… 感兴趣

insist on (one’s) sth/ doing sth 一定要;坚持要 the best way of doing sth/ the best way to do sth 干某事的最好办法

at an altitude of 在…海拔上

show a positive attitude to…对….表现出积极的态度 care about 忧虑,关心 care for喜欢,照顾

care to do愿意/同意做某事

change one’s mind 改变主意 to my mind = in my opinion

make up one’s mind to do 决心干某事 determine to do sth ( 动作) /

be determined to do sth (心理) 决心干某事 give in (to) 投降;屈服;让步 give in (vt) 上交

give up 放弃 give up doing/sth

as usual 像往常一样 at midnight 午夜

make camp 野营,宿营 put up one’s tents 搭起帐篷

sth be familiar to sb某事为某人所熟悉 sb be familiar with sth某人熟悉某事

can’t wait/ can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待想干某事

for one thing… for another (用来引出某事的理由)一则… 二则…

take one’s breath away 使某人大吃一惊

1. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. 强调句基本句型:it is/ was…. that….其中指人时可用who(主),whom(宾)。

2. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we (should) find come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end

put/ bring an end to sth 结束某事

be proud of / take pride in 以…而自豪 invite sb for/ to sth

invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 think little of 对…评价低 think highly/much of 对…评价高 one-third of … 1/3的… two-thirds of… 2/3的… seventy-five percent of… 75%的…

the source of the river.

insist that….(should) do 坚持要;坚持要求 insist that….陈述语气 坚持说;坚持认为 3. Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? (metaphor) 1. 隐喻(一种修辞法) 2. 象征 see sb do sth

4. To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun. 5. Good luck on your journey.

6. The lake shone like glass in the moonlight. (simile) (修辞)直喻;明喻

Unit 4 Earthquakes right away= right now = at once= immediately 立刻 have time to do 有时间做某事 happen to do 碰巧做某事 shake hands with sb 握手 burst into tears/ laughter = burst out crying/laughing突然哭/笑起来 lie in ruins 成为废墟 cut across 穿过 , 横穿 blow away 吹走 , 刮走 fall down 倒塌 rescue workers 救援人员 be pleased to do… 乐意做… make/ give a speech 发表演说 judgingfrom …根据……来判断 tens of thousands of …成千上万的 … dig out … 挖掘… a great/ large number of …. =a great /good many … 大量的

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