20xx人教八年级英语下册unit1短语、语法与重点句子

Unit 1 What’s the matter ?

翻译下列短语:

have a fever have a heart problem have a nosebleed

have a cough get hit on the head see a dentist

have a toothache go to a doctor get an X-ray

have a cold talk too much drink enough water

have a stomachache lie down and rest hot tea with honey have a sore back take one’s temperature sound like

have a sore throat feel very hot put some medicine on sth

all weekend in the same way go along

on the side of the road shout for help without thinking twice

get off to one’s surprise thanks to

in time save a life get into trouble

right away because of get out of

hurt oneself Put a bandage on sth. fall down feel sick cut his knee put her head back

have problems breathing mountain climbing be used to doing sth.

run out (of) so that so. . . that

be in control of in a difficult situation keep on doing sth. make a decision take risks give up

重点句型:1.What’s the matter with sb? “ 某人怎么了?”

= What’s the trouble/problem with sb? 注:with为介词,后跟名词/人称代词宾格,

= What’s wrong/up with sb? 如her,him,them等 。

eg:What’s the matter with your mother?

What’s wrong with you? What’s the trouble with her?

2.在英语中,表达“疼痛或不舒服”时的常用结构:

(1)主语+have/has+病症

(2)主语+have/has+a+sore+发病部位

sore 是一个独立的形容词,指的是身体某一部位的酸痛。如:sore back, sore throat,sore

back,sore neck.

(3)主语+have/has+a+部位-ache

-ache作后缀,常与表示身体部位的名词合成一个新词,表身体某部位疼痛,如:toothache ,

headache , stomachache .

(4)(There is)something wrong with +one’s+部位

某人某部位不舒服/出了毛病。

3.主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形.

①You should lie down and rest.

你应该躺下休息一会儿。

② You shouldn’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。

4.定语从句,在复合句中作定语的句子。结构:先行词(名词)+关系词+从句

如:Do you know the boy who_____ (have) short hair ?

I like the music that ______ (be) loud. 先行词决定定语从句中的_____ 形式。

词语辨析:

1. 上车/下车:get on/off(指得是大型的机动车,如bus,train...); get in(into)/get out of(指的是小型车,如taxi,car)

如:To save money, my mother often ___________ a bus ,doesn’t __________ a taxi .

2.run out of=use up 用光 eat up 吃光

① sb. run out of sth. 如: Tom _________ his money to buy old bikes .

② sth. run out = Tom’s money ____________ to buy old bikes.

3.Thanks for (doing) sth. 译为__________________

Thanks to sb. 译为_________________________

如:Thanks ________ _________ (invite) me to your party.

Thanks ________ Mr Wang,the man was taken to the hospital in time.

4.be used to (doing) sth. “习惯于(做)某事” used to do sth.“过去常常做某事” 如: My brother used to________ (sleep) late, he is used to______ (get) up early now.

use sth. to sth. 用某物做某事。 如:Aron used his knife_____ (cut) off his arm.

5.so....that.....“如此....以致....”(引导结果状语从句)

The boy is so young that he can’t look after himself.(同义句)

The boy is too young _______ look after himself.

The boy is not ______ enough ____ look after himself.

…..so that+从句。“以便于…..”(引导目的状语从句)

如:He gets up early so that he can catch the early bus .

6. lie—lies—lying—lay—lain 躺,(撒谎lie--lied--lied)

die—dies—dying—died—died 死

tie—ties—tying—tied—tied 栓,系

7. get hit sb.on/in the(sb’s) +身体部位;by the+身体部位(表示拉扯某人)

如: Tom got hit _____ the head by a volleyball.

Li Ming got hit _____ his face by his angry father.

The policeman catches the _____ the arm.

8.Sth/sb.named/called... “名叫....”(过去分词做后置定语)

如:一个名叫Tom的男孩 a boy ________ Tom

重点句子:

1.你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?(come from)

2.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。(in the same way)

3.当司机看到一位老人躺在路边时,26路车正沿着中山路行进。(go along)

4.他曾希望大多数或所有的乘客下车并等待下一班车。(expect ...to...)

5.Aron是一位对登山感兴趣的美国人。(who)

6.有多次Aron 因为意外几乎失去了性命。(when)

7.Aron 的胳膊被落在他身上360公斤的岩石卡住了当他独自一人在山上攀爬时。(be caught)

8.当他的水用光,他知道他必须做点事情来拯救他的生命。(have to)

9.这意味着处于一个你似乎不能逃离的困境之中。(situation)

10.Aron 讲述了关于做出良好决定的重要性和掌握自己的生命。(tell of)

 

第二篇:20xx六年级英语下册Unit1小结重点汇总

六年级下册Unit1重点汇总

一.形容词比较级的变化规则。

1. 一般直接加er

tall — taller short — shorter long — longer old —older

young — younger strong — stronger smart — smarter small — smaller bright — brighter low — lower high — higher cold — colder fast — faster slow — slower new — newer clean — cleaner

2. 在重读闭音节中(即辅+元+辅),双写后面的辅音字母再加er

thin — thinner big — bigger hot — hotter sad — sadder fat — fatter wet — wetter

3. 辅音+y结尾的双音节词,把y改i,再加er

happy — happier angry — angrier funny — funnier

heavy — heavier easy — easier early — earlier

sunny — sunnier windy — windier busy — busier

pretty — prettier dirty — dirtier lovely — lovelier

4. 以e结尾的,加 r

large — larger late — later nice — nicer fine — finer cute — cuter free — freer

5. 多音节及某些双音节词变为比较级时,则通常在其前加more

interesting — more interesting useful — more useful 巧记形容词的比较级

原级变为比较级,一般后面加er;

若是结尾辅元辅,末尾双写再er;

辅音+y结尾时,把y变i再er;

原级若以e结尾,直接加r就好啦。

二.重点句型。

1. 问年龄 How old… ? 例:How old is your mother? She is 48 years old.

2. 问身高 How tall…? 例:How tall are you ? I’m 1.65 metres.

注意:metres 米;centimetres 厘米;1 metre(m)=100 centimetres (cm)

1.65 metres = 165 centimetres

3. 问体重 How heavy…? 例:How heavy is Mike ? He is 56 kg. (kg=kilograms)

4. 问长度 How long…? 例:How long are your legs? My legs are 65 cm.

5. 问鞋码

—What size are your shoes? 或 How big are your feet ?

—I wear size 35. 或 I wear size 35 shoes. 或 My shoes are size 35.

6. Your feet are bigger than mine.

= Your feet are bigger than my feet.

注意: 在这里mine=my feet.

mine, yours, hers, his, ours, theirs , its这些词称作名词性物主代词,为避免重复使用名词,可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。 即:mine=my+前面提到的物品;yours=your+前面提到的物品;

hers=her+前面提到的物品;his=his+前面提到的物品;

ours=our+前面提到的物品;theirs = their+前面提到的物品

如: My hair is longer than yours. (yours=your hair)

My eyes are bigger than hers. (hers=her eyes)

Your head is smaller than mine. (mine=my head)

7.当要表达Mike比Sarah重(轻)多少kg,高(矮)多少厘米时,我们要把数字放在比较级的前面。

如:Mike is 2 kg heavier than Sarah.

Mike is 10 cm taller than Sarah.

8. A: Who is taller than John ?

B: Zhang Peng. He is taller than John.

9. A: Which one is smaller ?

B: The left one.

10. Whose schoolbag is bigger ?

Whose feet are smaller, your brother’s or yours ? Whose hair is shorter ?

句型练习:

1. Chen: ____________________________ Sarah: I’m 12 years old.

2. Doctor: ___________________________ Mike: I’m 1.45 metres tall.

3. Mr Lee : ___________________________

John: My father is 68 kg.

4. Ming: _____________________________

Hong: Changjiang River is 6300 kilometres(千米) long.

5. A: ________________________________ B: My sister wears size 8.

6. A: ________________________________ B: Sarah is thinner than me in my class.

7. A: _________________________________ B: The white dog is smaller than the black dog.

8. A: _________________________________ B: The red apple is smaller.

9. A: _________________________________ B: My brother’s ruler is longer than mine.

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